Mouth guards and mouth pieces are widely used in many fields of applica-tions. Mouth guards can prevent or reduce injury to the teeth and gums in contact sports like American football or boxing. Furthermore mouth pieces are used in medical breathing apparatus or diving equipment. They are even utilized in dental procedures like tooth bleaching or as dental night guards. Mouth guards and mouth pieces are either produced in mass production with low costs resulting in a poor wearing comfort or they are manufactured by an expensive customized fabrication process. There is a great demand for custom-fit mouth guards and dental appliances without the need to have it formed by a dentist. Mouth guards and mouthpieces are usually made from soft or hard materials, but it would be desirable to fabricate custom-fit mouth guards which are hard enough to offer protection and soft enough to provide a high wearing comfort.<br><br> <strong>Technology</strong><br> This self-customizable mouth guard is made of a shape memory polymer (e.g. polyesterurethane). The shape memory polymer turns into the custom form, if it is heated and custom-fitted (boil-and-bite principle). But the shape memory polymer can return to its predefined form when heating them above a material-dependent transition temperature and the mouth guard can be custom fitted several times. Due to its customized form the mouth guard enables a high wearing comfort. <br><br>
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Cellulose obtained from wood has amazing material properties. Empa researchers are now equipping the biodegradable material with additional functionalities to produce implants for cartilage diseases using 3D printing.
It all starts with an ear. Empa researcher Michael Hausmann removes the object shaped like a human ear from the 3D printer and explains:
The phenomenon of so-called superlubricity is known, but so far the explanation at the atomic level has been missing: for example, how does extremely low friction occur in bearings? Researchers from the Fraunhofer Institutes IWM and IWS jointly deciphered a universal mechanism of superlubricity for certain diamond-like carbon layers in combination with organic lubricants. Based on this knowledge, it is now possible to formulate design rules for supra lubricating layer-lubricant combinations. The results are presented in an article in Nature Communications, volume 10.
One of the most important prerequisites for sustainable and environmentally friendly mobility is minimizing friction. Research and industry have been dedicated...
Just in time for Christmas, a Mars-analogue mission in Morocco, coordinated by the Robotics Innovation Center of the German Research Center for Artificial Intelligence (DFKI) as part of the SRC project FACILITATORS, has been successfully completed. SRC, the Strategic Research Cluster on Space Robotics Technologies, is a program of the European Union to support research and development in space technologies. From mid-November to mid-December 2018, a team of more than 30 scientists from 11 countries tested technologies for future exploration of Mars and Moon in the desert of the Maghreb state.
Close to the border with Algeria, the Erfoud region in Morocco – known to tourists for its impressive sand dunes – offered ideal conditions for the four-week...
Research opens doors in photonic quantum information processing, optical signal processing and microwave photonics
Researchers from the Harvard John A. Paulson School of Engineering and Applied Sciences (SEAS) have developed a new integrated photonics platform that can...
A team of experimentalists at the U.S. Department of Energy's Ames Laboratory and theoreticians at University of Alabama Birmingham discovered a remarkably long-lived new state of matter in an iron pnictide superconductor, which reveals a laser-induced formation of collective behaviors that compete with superconductivity.
"Superconductivity is a strange state of matter, in which the pairing of electrons makes them move faster," said Jigang Wang, Ames Laboratory physicist and...
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