Researcher Minna van Gerven argues that this is the result of ongoing legislative reforms within the welfare state. On 17 October she will be awarded her doctorate at Tilburg University’s Faculty of Social Sciences in the Netherlands.
The cornerstones of our welfare state, such as benefit schemes for the unemployed, the disabled and low income households, are far less static than we tend to assume. Legislation in a range of European countries has undergone frequent changes in recent decades and national governments have been able to introduce far-reaching reforms in the field of social provisions. Minna van Gerven shows that a person’s capacity to work is playing an increasingly central role in the issuing of benefits: the focus is on whether a person can return to work and how this can be achieved as quickly as possible. Meanwhile the level of benefits has decreased and payments are being targeted more towards specific groups such as the unemployed and those with a complete incapacity to work.
Van Gerven conducted her research in Great Britain, Finland and the Netherlands and compared the trends in these countries over a period of 26 years. She studied the national legislation and benefit programmes in all three countries, exploring issues such as the duration of the right to benefit and the amount paid in benefit, as well as the changing criteria for accepting work and the relevance of a person's work history.
Van Gerven also describes the differences between the countries she studied. In the British system, for example, benefit schemes have been scaled back to a minimum at basic income level. In the Netherlands, benefits have become increasingly dependent on a person's work history and their reintegration into the job market. The Finnish system of basic benefit payments has been kept intact as much as possible, although work-related criteria also play a role in determining benefit entitlement. This makes it clear that developments within the European welfare state are following a trend towards limiting the rights of those entitled to benefit while stepping up their obligations.
Minna van Gerven (1974, Finland) has completed her doctorate at the Department of Sociology at Tilburg University’s Faculty of Social Sciences in the Netherlands. She studied social policy at the University of Tampere (in Finland) and is currently working as a researcher for AIAS (Amsterdam Institute for Advanced Labour Studies).
Corine Schouten | alfa
New measure for the wellbeing of populations could replace Human Development Index
07.11.2018 | International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA)
Because not only arguments count
30.10.2018 | Max-Planck-Institut für Mathematik in den Naturwissenschaften (MPIMIS)
Researchers at the University of New Hampshire have captured a difficult-to-view singular event involving "magnetic reconnection"--the process by which sparse particles and energy around Earth collide producing a quick but mighty explosion--in the Earth's magnetotail, the magnetic environment that trails behind the planet.
Magnetic reconnection has remained a bit of a mystery to scientists. They know it exists and have documented the effects that the energy explosions can...
Biochips have been developed at TU Wien (Vienna), on which tissue can be produced and examined. This allows supplying the tissue with different substances in a very controlled way.
Cultivating human cells in the Petri dish is not a big challenge today. Producing artificial tissue, however, permeated by fine blood vessels, is a much more...
Faster and secure data communication: This is the goal of a new joint project involving physicists from the University of Würzburg. The German Federal Ministry of Education and Research funds the project with 14.8 million euro.
In our digital world data security and secure communication are becoming more and more important. Quantum communication is a promising approach to achieve...
On Saturday, 10 November 2018, the research icebreaker Polarstern will leave its homeport of Bremerhaven, bound for Cape Town, South Africa.
When choosing materials to make something, trade-offs need to be made between a host of properties, such as thickness, stiffness and weight. Depending on the application in question, finding just the right balance is the difference between success and failure
Now, a team of Penn Engineers has demonstrated a new material they call "nanocardboard," an ultrathin equivalent of corrugated paper cardboard. A square...
09.11.2018 | Event News
06.11.2018 | Event News
23.10.2018 | Event News
16.11.2018 | Health and Medicine
16.11.2018 | Life Sciences
16.11.2018 | Life Sciences