Forum for Science, Industry and Business

Sponsored by:     3M 
Search our Site:

 

High Quality and Process Stability for Welding Copper

19.04.2011
The Laser Zentrum Hannover e.V. (LZH) has developed a new process for micro-welding copper.

Using a short laser pre-pulse, the contacts are treated to provide 100 per cent good welds for the subsequent infrared welding.


Welded contacts on an IC (TSOP 0.5mm pitch) on a printed circuit board (Ilfa) using a laer pre-pulse and IR laser main pulse.

A newly developed "laser pre-pulse module" can be used to initiate the copper welding process and provide a 100% welding guarantee. The laser is small and inexpensive, the result of process developments at the Laser Zentrum Hannover e.V. (LZH). The pre-pulse is decisive for automating micro-processing, or for connecting surface mounted devices to printed circuit boards.

Copper alloys are often found in electronics, sensors and precision engineering applications. Here, high demands are placed on the heat and mechanical stress resistance of spot welds, and laser micro-welding has very good weld qualities. However, non-ferrous metals are difficult to weld, due to high reflectivity, and a sudden jump in energy absorption when the melting temperature is reached. It is difficult to repeat good welding results, and with low process stability, up to now lasers have only been used following complex surface treatment, or for manual applications.

Researchers at the Department of Production and System Technology at the LZH have developed a new process, which uses a laser pre-pulse with a peak output of no more than 1 MW and a pulse length of only a few nanoseconds to initiate the welding process. This short-pulsed, solid-state, frequency converted laser has a high degree of absorption, and provides stable conditions for the subssequent high-output welding using a conventional IR laser. The welding energy can be easily controlled after pre-pulsing.

Experiments using the pre-pulse prototype of the company neoLASE were carried out on an 80 µm thick, 2mm wide copper band. After 200 repetitions, the welding results were constant, implying that the welds were 100% good. "This result is already a great success," says engineer Anas Moalem, who is responsible for the development of the process. Apart from improved precision and quality, the process window for the laser parameters could be expanded considerably.

Depending on the weld spot diameter, the laser output power could be reduced by up to 40%, meaning that using the compact pre-pulse module (13 x 9 x 4 cm) could result in energy savings in the kilowatt range for the IR welding lasers.

Developments took place within the framework of the SME-innovation project "Supreme", which was financed by the BMBF (German Federal Ministry of Education and Research) under supervision of the PTKA-Project Management Agency Karlsruhe. Support was also given by the companies Arteos GmbH, Ilfa GmbH, neoLASE GmbH and Sill Optics GmbH & Co. KG.

Contact:
Laser Zentrum Hannover e.V.
Michael Botts
Hollerithallee 8
D-30419 Hannover
Germany
Tel.: +49 511 2788-151
Fax: +49 511 2788-100
E-Mail: m.botts@lzh.de
The Laser Zentrum Hannover e.V. (LZH) carries out research and development in the field of laser technology and is supported by the Ministry of Economic Affairs, Labour and Transport of the State of Lower Saxony (Niedersächsisches Ministerium für Wirtschaft, Arbeit und Verkehr).

Michael Botts | LZH
Further information:
http://www.lzh.de

Further reports about: LZH Stability Welding Distortion copper energy saving laser system welding process

More articles from Process Engineering:

nachricht New technology for ultra-smooth polymer films
28.06.2018 | Fraunhofer-Institut für Organische Elektronik, Elektronenstrahl- und Plasmatechnik FEP

nachricht Diamond watch components
18.06.2018 | Schweizerischer Nationalfonds SNF

All articles from Process Engineering >>>

The most recent press releases about innovation >>>

Die letzten 5 Focus-News des innovations-reports im Überblick:

Im Focus: Color effects from transparent 3D-printed nanostructures

New design tool automatically creates nanostructure 3D-print templates for user-given colors
Scientists present work at prestigious SIGGRAPH conference

Most of the objects we see are colored by pigments, but using pigments has disadvantages: such colors can fade, industrial pigments are often toxic, and...

Im Focus: Unraveling the nature of 'whistlers' from space in the lab

A new study sheds light on how ultralow frequency radio waves and plasmas interact

Scientists at the University of California, Los Angeles present new research on a curious cosmic phenomenon known as "whistlers" -- very low frequency packets...

Im Focus: New interactive machine learning tool makes car designs more aerodynamic

Scientists develop first tool to use machine learning methods to compute flow around interactively designable 3D objects. Tool will be presented at this year’s prestigious SIGGRAPH conference.

When engineers or designers want to test the aerodynamic properties of the newly designed shape of a car, airplane, or other object, they would normally model...

Im Focus: Robots as 'pump attendants': TU Graz develops robot-controlled rapid charging system for e-vehicles

Researchers from TU Graz and their industry partners have unveiled a world first: the prototype of a robot-controlled, high-speed combined charging system (CCS) for electric vehicles that enables series charging of cars in various parking positions.

Global demand for electric vehicles is forecast to rise sharply: by 2025, the number of new vehicle registrations is expected to reach 25 million per year....

Im Focus: The “TRiC” to folding actin

Proteins must be folded correctly to fulfill their molecular functions in cells. Molecular assistants called chaperones help proteins exploit their inbuilt folding potential and reach the correct three-dimensional structure. Researchers at the Max Planck Institute of Biochemistry (MPIB) have demonstrated that actin, the most abundant protein in higher developed cells, does not have the inbuilt potential to fold and instead requires special assistance to fold into its active state. The chaperone TRiC uses a previously undescribed mechanism to perform actin folding. The study was recently published in the journal Cell.

Actin is the most abundant protein in highly developed cells and has diverse functions in processes like cell stabilization, cell division and muscle...

All Focus news of the innovation-report >>>

Anzeige

Anzeige

VideoLinks
Industry & Economy
Event News

LaserForum 2018 deals with 3D production of components

17.08.2018 | Event News

Within reach of the Universe

08.08.2018 | Event News

A journey through the history of microscopy – new exhibition opens at the MDC

27.07.2018 | Event News

 
Latest News

Smallest transistor worldwide switches current with a single atom in solid electrolyte

17.08.2018 | Physics and Astronomy

Robots as Tools and Partners in Rehabilitation

17.08.2018 | Information Technology

Climate Impact Research in Hannover: Small Plants against Large Waves

17.08.2018 | Life Sciences

VideoLinks
Science & Research
Overview of more VideoLinks >>>