Forum for Science, Industry and Business

Sponsored by:     3M 
Search our Site:

 

Swedish instruments to study the Martian atmosphere in collaboration with Russia and China

07.11.2011
The Russian Phobos-Grunt spacecraft will be launched together with its Chinese sub-satellite Yinghuo-1 towards Mars from the Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan on Tuesday evening (8 November 2011) CET, bearing three satellite instruments developed and built in Sweden.

The dual spacecraft is scheduled to arrive at Mars in October 2012. After insertion into orbit the two spacecraft will separate. Yinghuo-1 will stay on a highly elliptical orbit (800km x 80,000 km), whereas Phobos-Grunt will enter a more circular orbit in order to approach and land on the Martian moon Phobos.


Phobos-Grunt
Image: IKI


The two YPP ion mass analysers, YPP-i1 and YPP-i2
Photo: Swedish Institute of Space Physics, IRF

The Swedish Institute for Space Physics (IRF) in Kiruna has provided three identical ion mass analysers for this mission. The Detector for Ions at Mars (DIM) is mounted on the main Phobos-Grunt spacecraft. The DIM sensor was developed and built at IRF, while the associated digital processing unit was built at the Russian Space Research Institute (IKI).

Yinghuo-1 carries a plasma package (Yinghuo Plasma Package, YPP) consisting of two ion mass analysers and an electron sensor. The package is a joint development between IRF and the National Space Science Center (NSSC) in China. IRF developed and built the ion mass analysers (YPP-i1 and YPP-i2), while NSSC has provided the associated digital processing units and the electron sensor. The Space Research Institute (IWF) in Graz, Austria, participates in the scientific aspects of the Yinghuo Plasma Package.

All three ion sensors will simultaneously investigate the interaction between the solar wind (a stream of charged particles from the sun) and the Martian atmosphere from different vantage points in space.

"We already have the ASPERA-3 instrument orbiting Mars on the European spacecraft Mars Express," says Dr Martin Wieser of IRF. "With all of these instruments in place we will be able to do multi-point plasma measurements from orbiting spacecraft for the first time at Mars."

Martin Wieser adds, "And thanks to Yinghuo's elliptical orbit, the Yinghuo Plasma Package will be able to explore the distant plasma tail of Mars -- another first."

More information:
Dr Martin Wieser, scientist and project leader, IRF, tel. +46-980-79198, martin.wieser*irf.se

Rick McGregor, Information Officer, IRF, tel. +46-980-79178, rick.mcgregor*irf.se

Rick McGregor | idw
Further information:
http://www.irf.se/link/dim_ypp_page
http://www.russianspaceweb.com/phobos_grunt_2011.html#baikonur
http://phobos.cosmos.ru/index.php?id=285&L=2

Further reports about: DIM IRF Mars Martian Winds NSSC Phobos-Grunt Plasma technology Space Yinghuo Yinghuo-1 elliptical orbit

More articles from Physics and Astronomy:

nachricht Explosion on Jupiter-sized star 10 times more powerful than ever seen on our sun
18.04.2019 | University of Warwick

nachricht In vivo super-resolution photoacoustic computed tomography by localization of single dyed droplets
18.04.2019 | Changchun Institute of Optics, Fine Mechanics and Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences

All articles from Physics and Astronomy >>>

The most recent press releases about innovation >>>

Die letzten 5 Focus-News des innovations-reports im Überblick:

Im Focus: Explosion on Jupiter-sized star 10 times more powerful than ever seen on our sun

A stellar flare 10 times more powerful than anything seen on our sun has burst from an ultracool star almost the same size as Jupiter

  • Coolest and smallest star to produce a superflare found
  • Star is a tenth of the radius of our Sun
  • Researchers led by University of Warwick could only see...

Im Focus: Quantum simulation more stable than expected

A localization phenomenon boosts the accuracy of solving quantum many-body problems with quantum computers which are otherwise challenging for conventional computers. This brings such digital quantum simulation within reach on quantum devices available today.

Quantum computers promise to solve certain computational problems exponentially faster than any classical machine. “A particularly promising application is the...

Im Focus: Largest, fastest array of microscopic 'traffic cops' for optical communications

The technology could revolutionize how information travels through data centers and artificial intelligence networks

Engineers at the University of California, Berkeley have built a new photonic switch that can control the direction of light passing through optical fibers...

Im Focus: A long-distance relationship in femtoseconds

Physicists observe how electron-hole pairs drift apart at ultrafast speed, but still remain strongly bound.

Modern electronics relies on ultrafast charge motion on ever shorter length scales. Physicists from Regensburg and Gothenburg have now succeeded in resolving a...

Im Focus: Researchers 3D print metamaterials with novel optical properties

Engineers create novel optical devices, including a moth eye-inspired omnidirectional microwave antenna

A team of engineers at Tufts University has developed a series of 3D printed metamaterials with unique microwave or optical properties that go beyond what is...

All Focus news of the innovation-report >>>

Anzeige

Anzeige

VideoLinks
Industry & Economy
Event News

Revered mathematicians and computer scientists converge with 200 young researchers in Heidelberg!

17.04.2019 | Event News

First dust conference in the Central Asian part of the earth’s dust belt

15.04.2019 | Event News

Fraunhofer FHR at the IEEE Radar Conference 2019 in Boston, USA

09.04.2019 | Event News

 
Latest News

New automated biological-sample analysis systems to accelerate disease detection

18.04.2019 | Life Sciences

Explosion on Jupiter-sized star 10 times more powerful than ever seen on our sun

18.04.2019 | Physics and Astronomy

New eDNA technology used to quickly assess coral reefs

18.04.2019 | Life Sciences

VideoLinks
Science & Research
Overview of more VideoLinks >>>