The Institute of Physics’ (IOP) 2008 awards have been announced today (Wednesday, October 3). This year ten new awards have been introduced to ensure that the awards scheme keeps pace with the research interests of the physics community. The awards recognise a broad range of physicists in fields as diverse as biological physics, particle and astrophysics.
Professor Rowan-Robinson whose studies of galactic dust have helped us understand the main populations of galaxies in our universe; Dr Donal Joseph Denvir who established Andor Technology, manufacturers of high-performance digital cameras; and a team at Rolls Royce plc for the development of a long-life nuclear reactor core for UK submarines are just some of this year’s winners.
Professor Anton Zeilinger is the inaugural winner of the international Isaac Newton Medal, open to all physicists, for his overall contribution to physics, and Dr Simon Singh, winner of the Kelvin Medal for his contribution to the public understanding of physics, are two of this year’s other notable winners.
Zeilinger, a founder and leader of optical quantum information, has inspired a generation of up and coming quantum physicists with his profound insights into the microscopic nature of reality, while Simon Singh’s highly acclaimed books and TV shows, including his most recent book, Big Bang, have brought popular physics home to many in the UK.
The ten new awards help to ensure that all areas of modern physics are covered. Along with the Isaac Newton Medal, a new Gold Medal has been introduced for physics in an industrial or business context, along with eight new subject awards including particle physics, physics applied to life sciences, astrophysics, gravitational physics or cosmology and surface or nanotechnology.
Charlie Wallace | alfa
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Subaru Telescope helps pinpoint origin of ultra-high energy neutrino
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For the first time ever, scientists have determined the cosmic origin of highest-energy neutrinos. A research group led by IceCube scientist Elisa Resconi, spokesperson of the Collaborative Research Center SFB1258 at the Technical University of Munich (TUM), provides an important piece of evidence that the particles detected by the IceCube neutrino telescope at the South Pole originate from a galaxy four billion light-years away from Earth.
To rule out other origins with certainty, the team led by neutrino physicist Elisa Resconi from the Technical University of Munich and multi-wavelength...
For the first time a team of researchers have discovered two different phases of magnetic skyrmions in a single material. Physicists of the Technical Universities of Munich and Dresden and the University of Cologne can now better study and understand the properties of these magnetic structures, which are important for both basic research and applications.
Whirlpools are an everyday experience in a bath tub: When the water is drained a circular vortex is formed. Typically, such whirls are rather stable. Similar...
Physicists working with Roland Wester at the University of Innsbruck have investigated if and how chemical reactions can be influenced by targeted vibrational excitation of the reactants. They were able to demonstrate that excitation with a laser beam does not affect the efficiency of a chemical exchange reaction and that the excited molecular group acts only as a spectator in the reaction.
A frequently used reaction in organic chemistry is nucleophilic substitution. It plays, for example, an important role in in the synthesis of new chemical...
Optical spectroscopy allows investigating the energy structure and dynamic properties of complex quantum systems. Researchers from the University of Würzburg present two new approaches of coherent two-dimensional spectroscopy.
"Put an excitation into the system and observe how it evolves." According to physicist Professor Tobias Brixner, this is the credo of optical spectroscopy....
Ultra-short, high-intensity X-ray flashes open the door to the foundations of chemical reactions. Free-electron lasers generate these kinds of pulses, but there is a catch: the pulses vary in duration and energy. An international research team has now presented a solution: Using a ring of 16 detectors and a circularly polarized laser beam, they can determine both factors with attosecond accuracy.
Free-electron lasers (FELs) generate extremely short and intense X-ray flashes. Researchers can use these flashes to resolve structures with diameters on the...
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