One of the most striking predictions of Einstein’s theory of special relativity is probably the best known formula in all science: E = mc2. Today, exactly one hundred years after its first formulation, this equivalence has been verified to be correct at least to an accuracy of 4 parts in 10 000 000 ! These measurements, at the Institut Laue-Langevin, Grenoble, and the Massachussets Institute of Technology (MIT), represent the most precise verification of the relation between mass and energy ever achieved.
The GAMS4 instrument. Copyright ILL / Artechnique
The direct test of Einstein’s equation is based on the prediction that when a nucleus captures a neutron, the resulting isotope (mass number A+1) is somewhat lighter than the sum of the masses of the original nucleus (mass number A) and the free neutron (mass number 1). The energy equivalent to this mass difference is emitted as a spectra of gamma-rays.
The mass difference in Einstein’s equation using two silicon isotopes 28-29Si and two sulphur isotopes 32-33S has been measured with very high accuracy on one side of the Atlantic at the MIT, using a novel experimental technique .
Françoise Vauquois | alfa
Matter falling into a black hole at 30 percent of the speed of light
24.09.2018 | Royal Astronomical Society
Scientists solve the golden puzzle of calaverite
24.09.2018 | Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology
The building blocks of matter in our universe were formed in the first 10 microseconds of its existence, according to the currently accepted scientific picture. After the Big Bang about 13.7 billion years ago, matter consisted mainly of quarks and gluons, two types of elementary particles whose interactions are governed by quantum chromodynamics (QCD), the theory of strong interaction. In the early universe, these particles moved (nearly) freely in a quark-gluon plasma.
This is a joint press release of University Muenster and Heidelberg as well as the GSI Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung in Darmstadt.
Then, in a phase transition, they combined and formed hadrons, among them the building blocks of atomic nuclei, protons and neutrons. In the current issue of...
Thin-film solar cells made of crystalline silicon are inexpensive and achieve efficiencies of a good 14 percent. However, they could do even better if their shiny surfaces reflected less light. A team led by Prof. Christiane Becker from the Helmholtz-Zentrum Berlin (HZB) has now patented a sophisticated new solution to this problem.
"It is not enough simply to bring more light into the cell," says Christiane Becker. Such surface structures can even ultimately reduce the efficiency by...
A study in the journal Bulletin of Marine Science describes a new, blood-red species of octocoral found in Panama. The species in the genus Thesea was discovered in the threatened low-light reef environment on Hannibal Bank, 60 kilometers off mainland Pacific Panama, by researchers at the Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute in Panama (STRI) and the Centro de Investigación en Ciencias del Mar y Limnología (CIMAR) at the University of Costa Rica.
Scientists established the new species, Thesea dalioi, by comparing its physical traits, such as branch thickness and the bright red colony color, with the...
Scientists have succeeded in observing the first long-distance transfer of information in a magnetic group of materials known as antiferromagnets.
An international team of researchers has mapped Nemo's genome, providing the research community with an invaluable resource to decode the response of fish to...
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