One of the most striking predictions of Einstein’s theory of special relativity is probably the best known formula in all science: E = mc2. Today, exactly one hundred years after its first formulation, this equivalence has been verified to be correct at least to an accuracy of 4 parts in 10 000 000 ! These measurements, at the Institut Laue-Langevin, Grenoble, and the Massachussets Institute of Technology (MIT), represent the most precise verification of the relation between mass and energy ever achieved.
The GAMS4 instrument. Copyright ILL / Artechnique
The direct test of Einstein’s equation is based on the prediction that when a nucleus captures a neutron, the resulting isotope (mass number A+1) is somewhat lighter than the sum of the masses of the original nucleus (mass number A) and the free neutron (mass number 1). The energy equivalent to this mass difference is emitted as a spectra of gamma-rays.
The mass difference in Einstein’s equation using two silicon isotopes 28-29Si and two sulphur isotopes 32-33S has been measured with very high accuracy on one side of the Atlantic at the MIT, using a novel experimental technique .
Françoise Vauquois | alfa
Computer model predicts how fracturing metallic glass releases energy at the atomic level
20.07.2018 | American Institute of Physics
What happens when we heat the atomic lattice of a magnet all of a sudden?
18.07.2018 | Forschungsverbund Berlin
A new manufacturing technique uses a process similar to newspaper printing to form smoother and more flexible metals for making ultrafast electronic devices.
The low-cost process, developed by Purdue University researchers, combines tools already used in industry for manufacturing metals on a large scale, but uses...
For the first time ever, scientists have determined the cosmic origin of highest-energy neutrinos. A research group led by IceCube scientist Elisa Resconi, spokesperson of the Collaborative Research Center SFB1258 at the Technical University of Munich (TUM), provides an important piece of evidence that the particles detected by the IceCube neutrino telescope at the South Pole originate from a galaxy four billion light-years away from Earth.
To rule out other origins with certainty, the team led by neutrino physicist Elisa Resconi from the Technical University of Munich and multi-wavelength...
For the first time a team of researchers have discovered two different phases of magnetic skyrmions in a single material. Physicists of the Technical Universities of Munich and Dresden and the University of Cologne can now better study and understand the properties of these magnetic structures, which are important for both basic research and applications.
Whirlpools are an everyday experience in a bath tub: When the water is drained a circular vortex is formed. Typically, such whirls are rather stable. Similar...
Physicists working with Roland Wester at the University of Innsbruck have investigated if and how chemical reactions can be influenced by targeted vibrational excitation of the reactants. They were able to demonstrate that excitation with a laser beam does not affect the efficiency of a chemical exchange reaction and that the excited molecular group acts only as a spectator in the reaction.
A frequently used reaction in organic chemistry is nucleophilic substitution. It plays, for example, an important role in in the synthesis of new chemical...
Optical spectroscopy allows investigating the energy structure and dynamic properties of complex quantum systems. Researchers from the University of Würzburg present two new approaches of coherent two-dimensional spectroscopy.
"Put an excitation into the system and observe how it evolves." According to physicist Professor Tobias Brixner, this is the credo of optical spectroscopy....
13.07.2018 | Event News
12.07.2018 | Event News
03.07.2018 | Event News
20.07.2018 | Power and Electrical Engineering
20.07.2018 | Information Technology
20.07.2018 | Materials Sciences