Researchers from the Physics Department at the Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona (UAB), the Institut de Ciènca de Materials de Barcelona (ICMAB-CSIC), and the Universidad de Zaragoza have created a new ultra-light transparent magnetic material. Thanks to its properties, the new material could have interesting technological applications, such as creating new types of flat screens and magneto-optical memory devices for computers.
The researchers have obtained the new ultra-light magnets by combining silica aerogel (aerogels are extremely light solid materials, and are so porous that they’re made up of 99% air) with extremely fine magnetic particles composed of neodymium, iron and boron (Nd2Fe14B). These were orientated through a magnetic field during the synthesis. The new material retains the transparent and light properties of the aerogel, as well as the magnetic properties of the chemical composition. The magnets obtained by the researchers in the laboratory have a cylindrical shape about 1cm in diameter and several centimetres in length.
Until now, all aerogels with magnetic properties created in other laboratories were too “soft”, from a magnetic point of view, for storing information, and this closed all windows of opportunity on many technological applications. A weak external magnetic field could easily erase any information stored.
Octavi López Coronado | alfa
The taming of the light screw
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Researchers at Chalmers University of Technology and the University of Gothenburg, Sweden, have proposed a way to create a completely new source of radiation. Ultra-intense light pulses consist of the motion of a single wave and can be described as a tsunami of light. The strong wave can be used to study interactions between matter and light in a unique way. Their research is now published in the scientific journal Physical Review Letters.
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