Forum for Science, Industry and Business

Sponsored by:     3M 
Search our Site:

 

How does a molecule vibrate when you “touch” it?

17.04.2018

Physicists from the University of Regensburg (Germany), the Kanazawa University (Japan) and the Linnaeus University in Kalmar (Sweden) have studied the vibrations of a carbon monoxide molecule (CO, black and red ball in Figure below) that is bonded on a copper surface under the influence of an external force field exerted by the tip of a scanning probe microscope. The measurements were conducted at the University of Regensburg using combined scanning tunneling microscopy, scanning tunneling spectroscopy and atomic force microscopy at liquid helium temperatures and ultrahigh vacuum.

The CO molecule bonds with the carbon atom to the copper underneath and stands upright on the surface such that the oxygen atom points away from the surface.


The probe tip of a scanning probe microscope alters the vibrational frequency of the molecule and allows to determine the strength of the bonds.

© Norio Okabayashi – only to be used for this press release.

The CO molecule can oscillate just like an inverted pendulum. The vibration of a molecule on a surface contains critical information on the bond of the molecule with the surface, which is crucial for understanding surface phenomena and for technologically important processes such as catalysis and epitaxial growth.

As expected, the force that originates from the probe tip (pointed object from above in Figure) changes the vibrational frequencies – attractive forces increase the oscillation frequency, and repulsive interactions decrease the oscillation frequency.

The data revealed that the strength of the bond between carbon monoxide and copper was decreasing as the probe tip pulled the molecule away from the surface, marking the direct observation of the weakening of a single atomic bond by an external influence. The result is important as chemical reactions often evolve by loosening an existing bond before forming a new one.

The result of the research has been reported in “Vibrations of a molecule in an external force field” by N. Okabayashi, A. Peronio, M. Paulsson, T. Arai and F. J. Giessibl in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, April xx, 2018, www.pnas.org

Christina Glaser | idw - Informationsdienst Wissenschaft

More articles from Physics and Astronomy:

nachricht The taming of the light screw
22.03.2019 | Max-Planck-Institut für Struktur und Dynamik der Materie

nachricht Magnetic micro-boats
21.03.2019 | Max-Planck-Institut für Polymerforschung

All articles from Physics and Astronomy >>>

The most recent press releases about innovation >>>

Die letzten 5 Focus-News des innovations-reports im Überblick:

Im Focus: The taming of the light screw

DESY and MPSD scientists create high-order harmonics from solids with controlled polarization states, taking advantage of both crystal symmetry and attosecond electronic dynamics. The newly demonstrated technique might find intriguing applications in petahertz electronics and for spectroscopic studies of novel quantum materials.

The nonlinear process of high-order harmonic generation (HHG) in gases is one of the cornerstones of attosecond science (an attosecond is a billionth of a...

Im Focus: Magnetic micro-boats

Nano- and microtechnology are promising candidates not only for medical applications such as drug delivery but also for the creation of little robots or flexible integrated sensors. Scientists from the Max Planck Institute for Polymer Research (MPI-P) have created magnetic microparticles, with a newly developed method, that could pave the way for building micro-motors or guiding drugs in the human body to a target, like a tumor. The preparation of such structures as well as their remote-control can be regulated using magnetic fields and therefore can find application in an array of domains.

The magnetic properties of a material control how this material responds to the presence of a magnetic field. Iron oxide is the main component of rust but also...

Im Focus: Self-healing coating made of corn starch makes small scratches disappear through heat

Due to the special arrangement of its molecules, a new coating made of corn starch is able to repair small scratches by itself through heat: The cross-linking via ring-shaped molecules makes the material mobile, so that it compensates for the scratches and these disappear again.

Superficial micro-scratches on the car body or on other high-gloss surfaces are harmless, but annoying. Especially in the luxury segment such surfaces are...

Im Focus: Stellar cartography

The Potsdam Echelle Polarimetric and Spectroscopic Instrument (PEPSI) at the Large Binocular Telescope (LBT) in Arizona released its first image of the surface magnetic field of another star. In a paper in the European journal Astronomy & Astrophysics, the PEPSI team presents a Zeeman- Doppler-Image of the surface of the magnetically active star II Pegasi.

A special technique allows astronomers to resolve the surfaces of faraway stars. Those are otherwise only seen as point sources, even in the largest telescopes...

Im Focus: Heading towards a tsunami of light

Researchers at Chalmers University of Technology and the University of Gothenburg, Sweden, have proposed a way to create a completely new source of radiation. Ultra-intense light pulses consist of the motion of a single wave and can be described as a tsunami of light. The strong wave can be used to study interactions between matter and light in a unique way. Their research is now published in the scientific journal Physical Review Letters.

"This source of radiation lets us look at reality through a new angle - it is like twisting a mirror and discovering something completely different," says...

All Focus news of the innovation-report >>>

Anzeige

Anzeige

VideoLinks
Industry & Economy
Event News

International Modelica Conference with 330 visitors from 21 countries at OTH Regensburg

11.03.2019 | Event News

Selection Completed: 580 Young Scientists from 88 Countries at the Lindau Nobel Laureate Meeting

01.03.2019 | Event News

LightMAT 2019 – 3rd International Conference on Light Materials – Science and Technology

28.02.2019 | Event News

 
Latest News

Bacteria may travel thousands of miles through the air globally

25.03.2019 | Life Sciences

Key evidence associating hydrophobicity with effective acid catalysis

25.03.2019 | Life Sciences

Drug diversity in bacteria

25.03.2019 | Life Sciences

VideoLinks
Science & Research
Overview of more VideoLinks >>>