Forum for Science, Industry and Business

Sponsored by:     3M 
Search our Site:

 

Warning systems can prevent suicide among young men with substance abuse

14.01.2009
If suicide among young men living with substance abuse is to be prevented it is not enough to focus on the individual client.

A common warning system for paramedics, care centres and social services has to be developed according to Stian Biong, who has defended his thesis at the Nordic School of Public Health in Gothenburg, Sweden.

If the number of life-threatening overdoses is to be reduced, it will necessitate structural support in the form of political goals and superior controlling, says Stian Biong. He has worked as a nurse in Oslo for more than 20 years.

Phenomenon I saw in my work was what made me interested in doing research, he says.

His thesis Between death as escape and the dream of life- Psychosocial dimensions of health in young men living with substance abuse and suicidal behaviour is mainly based on personal narratives from in-depth interviews with young Norwegian men and emergency care and social services in Oslo. It shows that the system perspective is important at several different levels.

The Norwegian health personnel act requires cooperation with social welfare services but that is not happening in these cases, says Stian Biong.

Stian Biong claims that the possibilities for transferring information about an individual in Norway have to be investigated. Sweden has no corresponding legislation. There is however a pronounced political goal, a “zero-vision” when it comes to suicide, that sends clear signals to those in charge and personnel.

Stian Biong is of the opinion that in order for people to be able to work constructively with ethical challenges the system moreover has to make sure that the concerned personnel is given sufficient support in the form of guidance and feed-back.

Stigmatization and marginalization can be reduced by the language used when describing the group’s problem, Stian Biong points out.

His results indicate that there is indeed a connection between language, the client’s sense of self and suicidal behaviour.

When your existence is seen as a balance between death as a liberator from pain and the dream of life, the course of events can be affected in a positive way if the individual sees that there are sufficient resources available for receiving economic and social support.

The system perspective also has a cultural aspect, in how masculinity is expressed. The existing ideals in society affect the suicide behaviour of this group.

It seems as if this is a particular challenge for people with non-western backgrounds, says Stian Biong.

The reason is because they have to handle different ideals simultaneously.
Thesis title: Between death as escape and the dream of life – Psychosocial dimensions of health in young men living with substance abuse and suicidal behaviour

The thesis can be purchased for SEK 150 (exclusive of postage): kirsi.gomes@nhv.se

Monica Bengtson | alfa
Further information:
http://www.nhv.se

More articles from Health and Medicine:

nachricht Tuberculosis: New drug substance BTZ-043 is being tested on patients for the first time
11.12.2019 | Klinikum der Universität München

nachricht Lighting up cardiovascular problems using nanoparticles
10.12.2019 | University of Southern California

All articles from Health and Medicine >>>

The most recent press releases about innovation >>>

Die letzten 5 Focus-News des innovations-reports im Überblick:

Im Focus: Highly charged ion paves the way towards new physics

In a joint experimental and theoretical work performed at the Heidelberg Max Planck Institute for Nuclear Physics, an international team of physicists detected for the first time an orbital crossing in the highly charged ion Pr⁹⁺. Optical spectra were recorded employing an electron beam ion trap and analysed with the aid of atomic structure calculations. A proposed nHz-wide transition has been identified and its energy was determined with high precision. Theory predicts a very high sensitivity to new physics and extremely low susceptibility to external perturbations for this “clock line” making it a unique candidate for proposed precision studies.

Laser spectroscopy of neutral atoms and singly charged ions has reached astonishing precision by merit of a chain of technological advances during the past...

Im Focus: Ultrafast stimulated emission microscopy of single nanocrystals in Science

The ability to investigate the dynamics of single particle at the nano-scale and femtosecond level remained an unfathomed dream for years. It was not until the dawn of the 21st century that nanotechnology and femtoscience gradually merged together and the first ultrafast microscopy of individual quantum dots (QDs) and molecules was accomplished.

Ultrafast microscopy studies entirely rely on detecting nanoparticles or single molecules with luminescence techniques, which require efficient emitters to...

Im Focus: How to induce magnetism in graphene

Graphene, a two-dimensional structure made of carbon, is a material with excellent mechanical, electronic and optical properties. However, it did not seem suitable for magnetic applications. Together with international partners, Empa researchers have now succeeded in synthesizing a unique nanographene predicted in the 1970s, which conclusively demonstrates that carbon in very specific forms has magnetic properties that could permit future spintronic applications. The results have just been published in the renowned journal Nature Nanotechnology.

Depending on the shape and orientation of their edges, graphene nanostructures (also known as nanographenes) can have very different properties – for example,...

Im Focus: Electronic map reveals 'rules of the road' in superconductor

Band structure map exposes iron selenide's enigmatic electronic signature

Using a clever technique that causes unruly crystals of iron selenide to snap into alignment, Rice University physicists have drawn a detailed map that reveals...

Im Focus: Developing a digital twin

University of Texas and MIT researchers create virtual UAVs that can predict vehicle health, enable autonomous decision-making

In the not too distant future, we can expect to see our skies filled with unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) delivering packages, maybe even people, from location...

All Focus news of the innovation-report >>>

Anzeige

Anzeige

VideoLinks
Industry & Economy
Event News

The Future of Work

03.12.2019 | Event News

First International Conference on Agrophotovoltaics in August 2020

15.11.2019 | Event News

Laser Symposium on Electromobility in Aachen: trends for the mobility revolution

15.11.2019 | Event News

 
Latest News

Self-driving microrobots

11.12.2019 | Materials Sciences

Innovation boost for “learning factory”: European research project “SemI40” generates path-breaking findings

11.12.2019 | Information Technology

Molecular milk mayonnaise: How mouthfeel and microscopic properties are related in mayonnaise

11.12.2019 | Life Sciences

VideoLinks
Science & Research
Overview of more VideoLinks >>>