Breathing stops despite frantic efforts and oxygen drops… until sleep is interrupted, the throat pops open with a loud snoring, breathing resumes and sleep proceeds until the next apnea. The average patient experiences 250 to 400 apneas per night, and is completely unaware that this is happening…
OSA leads to snoring and daytime sleepiness, high blood pressure as well as cerebral and cardiac accidents; it also increases the risk of traffic accidents by seven times. Data from Germany, Spain, Switzerland, Australia, Canada and the USA are concordant: OSA has been estimated to be responsible for 5 to 10 % of all motor vehicle accidents.
Despite clear evidence of this dangerous effect, and of its possible correction with an adequate treatment, only nine European Countries include sleep apnea among the diseases to be considered at the time of delivering a driving license. Moreover, there is no unique attitude among different countries on how to assess the severity of the disease, or the effects of treatment, or who is to decide on the fate of the potentially dangerous driver.
Every effort should be made to put Sleepiness and Obstructive Sleep Apnea on the agenda of European Transport Authorities. The Comitology procedure appears as a pragmatic and feasible approach. OSA could be included in the next amendment to Annex III while sleepiness could be addressed with information and education campaigns.
On 12 and 13 October 2007, COST Action B26 hosted a working meeting with international experts to discuss the best way to include OSA within the health disorders representing a serious risk for traffic accidents in the entire European Union. The meeting was organised by the Centre for Sleep Medicine, Cliniques universitaires Saint-Luc, Université catholique de Louvain in Brussels.
Further to this initiative, a meeting with the High Commission on transport was held, where COST Action B26 had the chance to present their suggestions for the future inclusion of OSA under the Annex III for European Driving Regulations.
Obstructive Sleep Apnea is not important only in itself; if introduced in the driving license regulations in all European Countries it may also serve as a marker for the whole domain of fatigue and sleepiness while driving. We are convinced that this domain needs to be brought to the attention of all drivers, private and professionals alike. Are you?
Daniel Rodenstein | alfa
Unique brain 'fingerprint' can predict drug effectiveness
11.07.2018 | McGill University
Direct conversion of non-neuronal cells into nerve cells
03.07.2018 | Universitätsmedizin der Johannes Gutenberg-Universität Mainz
For the first time ever, scientists have determined the cosmic origin of highest-energy neutrinos. A research group led by IceCube scientist Elisa Resconi, spokesperson of the Collaborative Research Center SFB1258 at the Technical University of Munich (TUM), provides an important piece of evidence that the particles detected by the IceCube neutrino telescope at the South Pole originate from a galaxy four billion light-years away from Earth.
To rule out other origins with certainty, the team led by neutrino physicist Elisa Resconi from the Technical University of Munich and multi-wavelength...
For the first time a team of researchers have discovered two different phases of magnetic skyrmions in a single material. Physicists of the Technical Universities of Munich and Dresden and the University of Cologne can now better study and understand the properties of these magnetic structures, which are important for both basic research and applications.
Whirlpools are an everyday experience in a bath tub: When the water is drained a circular vortex is formed. Typically, such whirls are rather stable. Similar...
Physicists working with Roland Wester at the University of Innsbruck have investigated if and how chemical reactions can be influenced by targeted vibrational excitation of the reactants. They were able to demonstrate that excitation with a laser beam does not affect the efficiency of a chemical exchange reaction and that the excited molecular group acts only as a spectator in the reaction.
A frequently used reaction in organic chemistry is nucleophilic substitution. It plays, for example, an important role in in the synthesis of new chemical...
Optical spectroscopy allows investigating the energy structure and dynamic properties of complex quantum systems. Researchers from the University of Würzburg present two new approaches of coherent two-dimensional spectroscopy.
"Put an excitation into the system and observe how it evolves." According to physicist Professor Tobias Brixner, this is the credo of optical spectroscopy....
Ultra-short, high-intensity X-ray flashes open the door to the foundations of chemical reactions. Free-electron lasers generate these kinds of pulses, but there is a catch: the pulses vary in duration and energy. An international research team has now presented a solution: Using a ring of 16 detectors and a circularly polarized laser beam, they can determine both factors with attosecond accuracy.
Free-electron lasers (FELs) generate extremely short and intense X-ray flashes. Researchers can use these flashes to resolve structures with diameters on the...
13.07.2018 | Event News
12.07.2018 | Event News
03.07.2018 | Event News
16.07.2018 | Life Sciences
16.07.2018 | Earth Sciences
16.07.2018 | Physics and Astronomy