Forum for Science, Industry and Business

Sponsored by:     3M 
Search our Site:

 

Parasitic tropical diseases in the Americas, a legacy of slavery, can be eliminated

07.11.2007
Although it has been speculated for more than a century that the slave trade was responsible for bringing many tropical diseases to the Americas, only recently has convincing evidence shown that lymphatic filariasis (elephantiasis), schistosomiasis, and onchocerciasis (river blindness) originated in this way.

The good news, say a team of tropical disease experts, is that tools now exist to eliminate these diseases, which are a lasting legacy of forced migration from Africa to the Americas.

On the 200th anniversary of the Abolition of the Slave Trade Act in England, which officially abolished the slave trade in the British Empire, a commitment to eliminating these three neglected tropical diseases would be a fitting commemoration, say Dr John Lindo (University of the West Indies, Kingston, Jamaica) and colleagues.

“Lymphatic filariasis, schistosomiasis, and onchocerciasis were most likely imported to the Americas through transportation of millions of persons from sub-Saharan Africa to the New World,” say the authors. “The presence of competent vectors such as mosquitoes, snails, and black flies allowed transmission and dispersal of the parasites.” These debilitating diseases continue to take a heavy toll on the poorest communities in the Americas, most of whom are descendents of slaves.

What is needed to eliminate these diseases –a residual blight of slavery – is “dedication of financial and technical resources in a coordinated effort,” say the authors.

Mary Kohut | EurekAlert!
Further information:
http://www.plosntds.org
http://www.plos.org

More articles from Health and Medicine:

nachricht First impressions go a long way in the immune system
22.07.2019 | Weizmann Institute of Science

nachricht Genetic differences between strains of Epstein-Barr virus can alter its activity
18.07.2019 | University of Sussex

All articles from Health and Medicine >>>

The most recent press releases about innovation >>>

Die letzten 5 Focus-News des innovations-reports im Überblick:

Im Focus: MOF@SAW: Nanoquakes and molecular sponges for weighing and separating tiny masses

Augsburg chemists and physicists report how they have succeeded in the extremely difficult separation of hydrogen and deuterium in a gas mixture.

Thanks to the Surface Acoustic Wave (SAW) technology developed here and already widely used, the University of Augsburg is internationally recognized as the...

Im Focus: Better thermal conductivity by adjusting the arrangement of atoms

Adjusting the thermal conductivity of materials is one of the challenges nanoscience is currently facing. Together with colleagues from the Netherlands and Spain, researchers from the University of Basel have shown that the atomic vibrations that determine heat generation in nanowires can be controlled through the arrangement of atoms alone. The scientists will publish the results shortly in the journal Nano Letters.

In the electronics and computer industry, components are becoming ever smaller and more powerful. However, there are problems with the heat generation. It is...

Im Focus: First-ever visualizations of electrical gating effects on electronic structure

Scientists have visualised the electronic structure in a microelectronic device for the first time, opening up opportunities for finely-tuned high performance electronic devices.

Physicists from the University of Warwick and the University of Washington have developed a technique to measure the energy and momentum of electrons in...

Im Focus: Megakaryocytes act as „bouncers“ restraining cell migration in the bone marrow

Scientists at the University Würzburg and University Hospital of Würzburg found that megakaryocytes act as “bouncers” and thus modulate bone marrow niche properties and cell migration dynamics. The study was published in July in the Journal “Haematologica”.

Hematopoiesis is the process of forming blood cells, which occurs predominantly in the bone marrow. The bone marrow produces all types of blood cells: red...

Im Focus: Artificial neural network resolves puzzles from condensed matter physics: Which is the perfect quantum theory?

For some phenomena in quantum many-body physics several competing theories exist. But which of them describes a quantum phenomenon best? A team of researchers from the Technical University of Munich (TUM) and Harvard University in the United States has now successfully deployed artificial neural networks for image analysis of quantum systems.

Is that a dog or a cat? Such a classification is a prime example of machine learning: artificial neural networks can be trained to analyze images by looking...

All Focus news of the innovation-report >>>

Anzeige

Anzeige

VideoLinks
Industry & Economy
Event News

2nd International Conference on UV LED Technologies & Applications – ICULTA 2020 | Call for Abstracts

24.06.2019 | Event News

SEMANTiCS 2019 brings together industry leaders and data scientists in Karlsruhe

29.04.2019 | Event News

Revered mathematicians and computer scientists converge with 200 young researchers in Heidelberg!

17.04.2019 | Event News

 
Latest News

Toward molecular computers: First measurement of single-molecule heat transfer

22.07.2019 | Information Technology

First impressions go a long way in the immune system

22.07.2019 | Health and Medicine

New Record: PLQE of 70.3% in lead-free halide double perovskites

22.07.2019 | Power and Electrical Engineering

VideoLinks
Science & Research
Overview of more VideoLinks >>>