Forum for Science, Industry and Business

Sponsored by:     3M 
Search our Site:

 

Mental disorders more prevalent in rural than urban settings in Mozambique

21.09.2007
Psychoses, mental retardation, and seizure disorders are all more common in rural than urban settings in Mozambique.

Advocacy to improve understanding of mental disorders, investment in mental-health resources in rural areas, and collaboration with traditional medical practitioners are urgently needed, especially in poor areas. These are the conclusions of authors of an Article in this week’s edition of The Lancet.

Dr Vikram Patel and Dr Helen Weiss, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, UK and colleagues studied 2739 households in Mozambique, 1796 in Maputo City and 943 in the rural town of Cuamba. A person from each household was asked to identify household members who had symptoms matching the three disorders above, as well as causes of the disorders, and their treatment and current state.

The researchers found that lifetime prevalence rates for all the three disorders were higher in rural than in urban settings. Prevalence of psychoses (in adults) was 4.4% in the rural town versus 1.6% in the city. For mental retardation, the prevalence was 1.9% (rural) versus 1.3 % (city), and for seizure disorders 4.0% (rural) versus 1.6% (city).

Informants in each house most frequently attributed psychoses to supernatural causes, followed by seizure disorder. In about three-quarters of all cases, households had consulted a traditional practitioner. Further, nearly half the people with these disorders in rural areas were rated as being in poor health.

The authors conclude: “These findings imply that mental-health policies in sub-Saharan Africa should focus on advocacy activities to raise awareness about severe mental and neurological disorders; investment in mental-health resources in community care settings, especially in rural areas; and close co-operation with traditional medical practitioners to promote recognition and appropriate management of people with severe mental and neurological disorders.”

In an accompanying Comment, Dr Julio Arboleda-Flórez, Ontario, Canada, says: “The results of this study should provide authorities in Mozambique, at whose behest the study was done, with a basis for planning health services…epidemiological and health-services research to determine the burden of mental illness are urgently needed in developing countries. The integration of mental health services into primary-care systems might be the only way to cope with that burden worldwide.”

Tony Kirby | alfa
Further information:
http://multimedia.thelancet.com/pdf/press/Mozambique.pdf

More articles from Health and Medicine:

nachricht Collagen nanofibrils in mammalian tissues get stronger with exercise
14.12.2018 | University of Illinois College of Engineering

nachricht New discoveries predict ability to forecast dementia from single molecule
12.12.2018 | UT Southwestern Medical Center

All articles from Health and Medicine >>>

The most recent press releases about innovation >>>

Die letzten 5 Focus-News des innovations-reports im Überblick:

Im Focus: Data storage using individual molecules

Researchers from the University of Basel have reported a new method that allows the physical state of just a few atoms or molecules within a network to be controlled. It is based on the spontaneous self-organization of molecules into extensive networks with pores about one nanometer in size. In the journal ‘small’, the physicists reported on their investigations, which could be of particular importance for the development of new storage devices.

Around the world, researchers are attempting to shrink data storage devices to achieve as large a storage capacity in as small a space as possible. In almost...

Im Focus: Data use draining your battery? Tiny device to speed up memory while also saving power

The more objects we make "smart," from watches to entire buildings, the greater the need for these devices to store and retrieve massive amounts of data quickly without consuming too much power.

Millions of new memory cells could be part of a computer chip and provide that speed and energy savings, thanks to the discovery of a previously unobserved...

Im Focus: An energy-efficient way to stay warm: Sew high-tech heating patches to your clothes

Personal patches could reduce energy waste in buildings, Rutgers-led study says

What if, instead of turning up the thermostat, you could warm up with high-tech, flexible patches sewn into your clothes - while significantly reducing your...

Im Focus: Lethal combination: Drug cocktail turns off the juice to cancer cells

A widely used diabetes medication combined with an antihypertensive drug specifically inhibits tumor growth – this was discovered by researchers from the University of Basel’s Biozentrum two years ago. In a follow-up study, recently published in “Cell Reports”, the scientists report that this drug cocktail induces cancer cell death by switching off their energy supply.

The widely used anti-diabetes drug metformin not only reduces blood sugar but also has an anti-cancer effect. However, the metformin dose commonly used in the...

Im Focus: New Foldable Drone Flies through Narrow Holes in Rescue Missions

A research team from the University of Zurich has developed a new drone that can retract its propeller arms in flight and make itself small to fit through narrow gaps and holes. This is particularly useful when searching for victims of natural disasters.

Inspecting a damaged building after an earthquake or during a fire is exactly the kind of job that human rescuers would like drones to do for them. A flying...

All Focus news of the innovation-report >>>

Anzeige

Anzeige

VideoLinks
Industry & Economy
Event News

ICTM Conference 2019: Digitization emerges as an engineering trend for turbomachinery construction

12.12.2018 | Event News

New Plastics Economy Investor Forum - Meeting Point for Innovations

10.12.2018 | Event News

EGU 2019 meeting: Media registration now open

06.12.2018 | Event News

 
Latest News

Pressure tuned magnetism paves the way for novel electronic devices

18.12.2018 | Materials Sciences

New type of low-energy nanolaser that shines in all directions

18.12.2018 | Physics and Astronomy

NASA research reveals Saturn is losing its rings at 'worst-case-scenario' rate

18.12.2018 | Physics and Astronomy

VideoLinks
Science & Research
Overview of more VideoLinks >>>