Forum for Science, Industry and Business

Sponsored by:     3M 
Search our Site:

 

Tuberculosis Screening Beneficial In UK Areas With High Migrant Populations

04.05.2007
Tuberculosis screening in areas of the UK where the disease has increasing prevalence due to increasing immigration rates could increase diagnosis of both active and latent forms of this disease and help prevent its spread, according to an article published in this week’s edition of The Lancet.

Professor Chris Griffiths, Centre for Health Sciences, Queen Mary’s School of Medicine and Dentistry, London, UK and colleagues did their outreach study on 50 general practices in Hackney, East London, UK, to promote screening for tuberculosis in primary care. The practices were divided into two groups of 25: intervention and control.

The research team found that detection rates for active tuberculosis in intervention practices were 13% higher than those in the control group, while detection rates for the latent form of the disease were also 10% higher in the practices with the screening programme. And the rates of BCG vaccination against Tuberculosis were seven times higher for the practices implementing screening against the control group.

The authors say: “A seven fold increase in BCG overage in people aged five and over represents a striking improvement, since most interventions boost immunisation in primary care by five to 20 per cent.”

Hackney was selected as it is one of just 19 local authorities across England, Wales and Northern Ireland which has yearly tuberculosis rates of more than 40 per 100,000 – this is the threshold rate above which tuberculosis is defined as common in that area. Of these 19 authorities, 16 are in London. Migrants from Africa and Eastern Europe (which has hot spots of multi-drug resistant tuberculosis) are resident in high numbers in these areas (poor, inner city), and tend not to disperse for economic and social reasons.

The authors conclude: “Our study suggests screening could have a clinically important effect, should have useful generalisability, and could be recommended as part of tuberculosis control initiatives in industrialised countries.”

In an accompanying comment, Dr David Mant of the Department of Primary Health Care, University of Oxford, UK and Dr Richard Manyon-White, of the Directorate of Public Health, Oxford, UK, say: “An educational research programme and additional local services will be useful in regions in developed countries where migrants cluster and tuberculosis rates are high.

“In the UK, the next step should be applications of the lessons learnt in East London to other areas where tuberculosis is common. In the long term, however, developed countries will gain most by supporting the tuberculosis control strategies in the rest of the world.”

Tony Kirby | alfa
Further information:
http://www.thelancet.com/webfiles/images/clusters/thelancet/press_office/Outreach.pdf

More articles from Health and Medicine:

nachricht Purdue cancer identity technology makes it easier to find a tumor's 'address'
16.11.2018 | Purdue University

nachricht Microgel powder fights infection and helps wounds heal
14.11.2018 | Michigan Technological University

All articles from Health and Medicine >>>

The most recent press releases about innovation >>>

Die letzten 5 Focus-News des innovations-reports im Überblick:

Im Focus: UNH scientists help provide first-ever views of elusive energy explosion

Researchers at the University of New Hampshire have captured a difficult-to-view singular event involving "magnetic reconnection"--the process by which sparse particles and energy around Earth collide producing a quick but mighty explosion--in the Earth's magnetotail, the magnetic environment that trails behind the planet.

Magnetic reconnection has remained a bit of a mystery to scientists. They know it exists and have documented the effects that the energy explosions can...

Im Focus: A Chip with Blood Vessels

Biochips have been developed at TU Wien (Vienna), on which tissue can be produced and examined. This allows supplying the tissue with different substances in a very controlled way.

Cultivating human cells in the Petri dish is not a big challenge today. Producing artificial tissue, however, permeated by fine blood vessels, is a much more...

Im Focus: A Leap Into Quantum Technology

Faster and secure data communication: This is the goal of a new joint project involving physicists from the University of Würzburg. The German Federal Ministry of Education and Research funds the project with 14.8 million euro.

In our digital world data security and secure communication are becoming more and more important. Quantum communication is a promising approach to achieve...

Im Focus: Research icebreaker Polarstern begins the Antarctic season

What does it look like below the ice shelf of the calved massive iceberg A68?

On Saturday, 10 November 2018, the research icebreaker Polarstern will leave its homeport of Bremerhaven, bound for Cape Town, South Africa.

Im Focus: Penn engineers develop ultrathin, ultralight 'nanocardboard'

When choosing materials to make something, trade-offs need to be made between a host of properties, such as thickness, stiffness and weight. Depending on the application in question, finding just the right balance is the difference between success and failure

Now, a team of Penn Engineers has demonstrated a new material they call "nanocardboard," an ultrathin equivalent of corrugated paper cardboard. A square...

All Focus news of the innovation-report >>>

Anzeige

Anzeige

VideoLinks
Industry & Economy
Event News

“3rd Conference on Laser Polishing – LaP 2018” Attracts International Experts and Users

09.11.2018 | Event News

On the brain’s ability to find the right direction

06.11.2018 | Event News

European Space Talks: Weltraumschrott – eine Gefahr für die Gesellschaft?

23.10.2018 | Event News

 
Latest News

Purdue cancer identity technology makes it easier to find a tumor's 'address'

16.11.2018 | Health and Medicine

Good preparation is half the digestion

16.11.2018 | Life Sciences

Microscope measures muscle weakness

16.11.2018 | Life Sciences

VideoLinks
Science & Research
Overview of more VideoLinks >>>