In an article in the current issue of Spectroscopy, researchers at the Ohio State University College of Medicine and Public Health describe the clinical evaluation of thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP) using Surface Enhanced Laser Desorption/Ionization Time of Flight (SELDI-TOF) mass spectrometry.
TTP is a condition caused by a deficiency in a metalloproteinase called ADAMTS13. With a timely diagnosis, TTP patients usually respond to plasma exchange therapy. However, many patients relapse after therapy. Thus, there is a need for both a rapid diagnostic test to help clinicians start therapy and for a biomarker that can anticipate recurrence.
Without enough ADAMTS13, extensive blood clots may occur throughout the body and can cause death. ADAMTS13 prevents this by breaking apart another protein that causes the clotting process. By measuring one of the broken fragments using SELDI-TOF, the researchers found that they could determine ADAMTS13 activity levels in the patient’s blood.
SELDI-TOF mass spectrometry offers an unique property to specifically capture and concentrate the target protein in a binding array. Afterwards it becomes relatively simple to measure the analyte. In this application, an immobilized metal affinity capture (IMAC) array was chosen which could bind to a product of ADAMTS13 proteolysis, ahistidine-containing fragment. The product was then measured by the mass spectrometer. Thus, the method was used to evaluate ADAMTS13 activity in TTP patients.
Writing in the article, Haifeng M. Wu, MD, states “Since the implementation of our SELDI-TOF based method, fast turnaround time for the detection of ADAMTS13 activity has greatly helped us in making the correct diagnosis, instituting appropriate therapy, and improving patient outcomes.”
The article is “Application of SELDI-TOF mass spectrometry in clinical evaluation of thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura” by Haifeng M. Wu, Spero R. Cataland, Michael Bissell and Ming Jin. It appears in Spectroscopy, Volume 20, Issue 5/6 (2007), published by IOS Press.
Astrid Engelen | alfa
Why might reading make myopic?
18.07.2018 | Universitätsklinikum Tübingen
Unique brain 'fingerprint' can predict drug effectiveness
11.07.2018 | McGill University
For the first time ever, scientists have determined the cosmic origin of highest-energy neutrinos. A research group led by IceCube scientist Elisa Resconi, spokesperson of the Collaborative Research Center SFB1258 at the Technical University of Munich (TUM), provides an important piece of evidence that the particles detected by the IceCube neutrino telescope at the South Pole originate from a galaxy four billion light-years away from Earth.
To rule out other origins with certainty, the team led by neutrino physicist Elisa Resconi from the Technical University of Munich and multi-wavelength...
For the first time a team of researchers have discovered two different phases of magnetic skyrmions in a single material. Physicists of the Technical Universities of Munich and Dresden and the University of Cologne can now better study and understand the properties of these magnetic structures, which are important for both basic research and applications.
Whirlpools are an everyday experience in a bath tub: When the water is drained a circular vortex is formed. Typically, such whirls are rather stable. Similar...
Physicists working with Roland Wester at the University of Innsbruck have investigated if and how chemical reactions can be influenced by targeted vibrational excitation of the reactants. They were able to demonstrate that excitation with a laser beam does not affect the efficiency of a chemical exchange reaction and that the excited molecular group acts only as a spectator in the reaction.
A frequently used reaction in organic chemistry is nucleophilic substitution. It plays, for example, an important role in in the synthesis of new chemical...
Optical spectroscopy allows investigating the energy structure and dynamic properties of complex quantum systems. Researchers from the University of Würzburg present two new approaches of coherent two-dimensional spectroscopy.
"Put an excitation into the system and observe how it evolves." According to physicist Professor Tobias Brixner, this is the credo of optical spectroscopy....
Ultra-short, high-intensity X-ray flashes open the door to the foundations of chemical reactions. Free-electron lasers generate these kinds of pulses, but there is a catch: the pulses vary in duration and energy. An international research team has now presented a solution: Using a ring of 16 detectors and a circularly polarized laser beam, they can determine both factors with attosecond accuracy.
Free-electron lasers (FELs) generate extremely short and intense X-ray flashes. Researchers can use these flashes to resolve structures with diameters on the...
13.07.2018 | Event News
12.07.2018 | Event News
03.07.2018 | Event News
18.07.2018 | Materials Sciences
18.07.2018 | Life Sciences
18.07.2018 | Health and Medicine