Forum for Science, Industry and Business

Sponsored by:     3M 
Search our Site:

 

Medications and imaginations help reduce post-operative pain in children

09.08.2004


A new study by a nurse researcher shows that imagery – a simple method of distraction – can be used with pain medications to significantly reduce post-operative pain in children.



In the study, which was led by a nurse researcher at Cincinnati Children’s Hospital Medical Center, children who had their tonsils or adenoids removed were given an audio tape that enabled them to imagine they were going to "a favorite place." The children who used the tape reported significantly lower pain in the 24 hours after surgery than those who didn’t use the tape.

"When treating pain in children, we should appeal not only to the senses but also to feelings and emotions," says Myra Huth, PhD, RN, assistant vice president of nursing research at Cincinnati Children’s and the study’s main author. "Pain medications should be used in conjunction with comfort techniques. However, we still have work to do in this area."


The NIH-funded study, published in the current issue (July) of the journal Pain, examined the effectiveness of imagery and pain medications in reducing pain and anxiety after surgery for tonsillectomy and at home. Dr. Huth recruited 73 children between the ages of 7 and 12. Approximately half watched a video tape on the use of imagery and listened to a 30 minute audio tape of imagery a week prior to surgery. One to four hours after surgery, they listened to the audio tape and then listened to the tape at home approximately 24 hours after surgery.

Those who used imagery reported significantly less pain after ambulatory surgery but not at home, perhaps because their anxiety had decreased by being at home. "Some children used the tape to help them sleep before their surgery," says Dr. Huth. "I think it helped relieve anxiety before surgery and on the day of surgery, but once they got back into a safe environment, it wasn’t as effective."

Dr. Huth examined pain only from the removal of tonsils or adenoids, but she believes imagery would be effective in reducing anxiety during children’s hospital stays and in distracting them during most intrusive procedures. Her study indicated that even when given less than the recommended amounts of pain medication, children who used imagery reported reduced pain. But she is a staunch proponent of both approaches.

"The need for interventions that reduce children’s acute pain on a short-term basis is growing as a result of the continued demand for outpatient surgery, shortened hospital stays and difficulties with pain management in both the ambulatory setting and at home," she says. "We need to get better in adequately dosing pain medications in conjunction with using distraction techniques," she says. "Nurses are beginning to think differently about how they practice and how they can help patients and families with non-traditional methods of pain management."

Jim Feuer | EurekAlert!
Further information:
http://www.cincinnatichildrens.org

More articles from Health and Medicine:

nachricht Study tracks inner workings of the brain with new biosensor
16.08.2018 | Rheinische Friedrich-Wilhelms-Universität Bonn

nachricht Foods of the future
15.08.2018 | Georg-August-Universität Göttingen

All articles from Health and Medicine >>>

The most recent press releases about innovation >>>

Die letzten 5 Focus-News des innovations-reports im Überblick:

Im Focus: It’s All in the Mix: Jülich Researchers are Developing Fast-Charging Solid-State Batteries

There are currently great hopes for solid-state batteries. They contain no liquid parts that could leak or catch fire. For this reason, they do not require cooling and are considered to be much safer, more reliable, and longer lasting than traditional lithium-ion batteries. Jülich scientists have now introduced a new concept that allows currents up to ten times greater during charging and discharging than previously described in the literature. The improvement was achieved by a “clever” choice of materials with a focus on consistently good compatibility. All components were made from phosphate compounds, which are well matched both chemically and mechanically.

The low current is considered one of the biggest hurdles in the development of solid-state batteries. It is the reason why the batteries take a relatively long...

Im Focus: Color effects from transparent 3D-printed nanostructures

New design tool automatically creates nanostructure 3D-print templates for user-given colors
Scientists present work at prestigious SIGGRAPH conference

Most of the objects we see are colored by pigments, but using pigments has disadvantages: such colors can fade, industrial pigments are often toxic, and...

Im Focus: Unraveling the nature of 'whistlers' from space in the lab

A new study sheds light on how ultralow frequency radio waves and plasmas interact

Scientists at the University of California, Los Angeles present new research on a curious cosmic phenomenon known as "whistlers" -- very low frequency packets...

Im Focus: New interactive machine learning tool makes car designs more aerodynamic

Scientists develop first tool to use machine learning methods to compute flow around interactively designable 3D objects. Tool will be presented at this year’s prestigious SIGGRAPH conference.

When engineers or designers want to test the aerodynamic properties of the newly designed shape of a car, airplane, or other object, they would normally model...

Im Focus: Robots as 'pump attendants': TU Graz develops robot-controlled rapid charging system for e-vehicles

Researchers from TU Graz and their industry partners have unveiled a world first: the prototype of a robot-controlled, high-speed combined charging system (CCS) for electric vehicles that enables series charging of cars in various parking positions.

Global demand for electric vehicles is forecast to rise sharply: by 2025, the number of new vehicle registrations is expected to reach 25 million per year....

All Focus news of the innovation-report >>>

Anzeige

Anzeige

VideoLinks
Industry & Economy
Event News

LaserForum 2018 deals with 3D production of components

17.08.2018 | Event News

Within reach of the Universe

08.08.2018 | Event News

A journey through the history of microscopy – new exhibition opens at the MDC

27.07.2018 | Event News

 
Latest News

Quantum bugs, meet your new swatter

20.08.2018 | Information Technology

A novel synthetic antibody enables conditional “protein knockdown” in vertebrates

20.08.2018 | Life Sciences

Metamolds: Molding a mold

20.08.2018 | Information Technology

VideoLinks
Science & Research
Overview of more VideoLinks >>>