Forum for Science, Industry and Business

Sponsored by:     3M 
Search our Site:

 

Drug Can Induce Tanning When Used with Sunlight or Simulated UV-B Light

21.07.2004


Melanotan-1, a synthetic agent similar to the body’s hormone that regulates skin pigmentation, can be combined with UV-B light or sunlight, and appears to act synergistically in the tanning response to light, according to an article in the July issue of The Archives of Dermatology, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.



Melanotan-1 (MT-1) is a synthetic super-potent derivative of its natural counterpart, alpha-melanocyte-stimulating hormone, one of a family of hormones that induce pigmentation in the body. According to information in the article, the authors previously demonstrated that MT-1 can induce tanning in human volunteers who are known to tan easily in response to sunlight. All previously reported clinical trials with MT-1 were performed with volunteers who were instructed to avoid sunlight and use sunscreens with a sun-protective factor rating of 30 on all skin sites exposed to the sun. The effect of MT-1 when combined with either sunlight or simulated UV-B radiation had not been tested.

Robert T. Dorr, Ph.D., of the University of Arizona, Tucson, and colleagues performed three phase one clinical trials to demonstrate safety for MT-1 therapy combined with UV-B light or sunlight. In the first study, four subjects were randomized to 0.08 milligrams per kilogram of MT-1 per day administered by injection, and four others received injections of isotonic sodium chloride solution (solution containing the same concentration of salt as normal body fluids) for ten days. It was followed by neck irradiation with UV-B light.


In the second study, 12 subjects received MT-1. The dosage was increased to 0.16 milligrams per kilogram per day for ten days, with UV-B radiation given to a buttock site for five days during or after MT-1 administration. The final study randomized eight subjects to three to five days of sunlight to half of the back, or to sunlight plus 0.16 milligrams per kilogram of MT-1, for five days per week for four weeks.

“The results show that the synthetic super-potent melanotropin, MT-1, can be safely combined with small amounts of UV-B from a solar simulator or with brief exposures to full sunlight,” the authors report. “We have further shown that MT-1 can be administered for 20 days over four weeks at a daily dose of 0.16 milligrams per kilogram without producing cumulative, more intense or new adverse effects.”

Tanning was achieved in three of four subjects receiving MT-1 in the first study. These subjects also had 47 percent fewer sunburn cells at the irradiated site. More skin sites darkened with the higher dose of MT-1 in the second study. In the third study, there was significantly enhanced tanning in the MT-1 group, and it was maintained at least three weeks longer than the tanning in those who were randomized to sunlight only. The controls required 50 percent more sun exposure time for equivalent tanning.

“There were no pathologic findings at any UV-B or sun-exposed sites in any subject,” the authors write. “Toxic effects due to MT-1 were minor, consisting of nausea and transient facial flushing.”

“Perhaps the most important observation in the three clinical studies of MT-1 is the observation of marked tanning synergy with the combination of UV-B light (protocol 2) or sunlight (protocol 3),” they suggest. “The degree of skin darkening measured at both light exposed sites was significantly greater than that achieved with UV light, sunlight, or drug alone.”

| newswise
Further information:
http://www.ama-assn.org
http://www.archdermatol.com

More articles from Health and Medicine:

nachricht Unique brain 'fingerprint' can predict drug effectiveness
11.07.2018 | McGill University

nachricht Direct conversion of non-neuronal cells into nerve cells
03.07.2018 | Universitätsmedizin der Johannes Gutenberg-Universität Mainz

All articles from Health and Medicine >>>

The most recent press releases about innovation >>>

Die letzten 5 Focus-News des innovations-reports im Überblick:

Im Focus: First evidence on the source of extragalactic particles

For the first time ever, scientists have determined the cosmic origin of highest-energy neutrinos. A research group led by IceCube scientist Elisa Resconi, spokesperson of the Collaborative Research Center SFB1258 at the Technical University of Munich (TUM), provides an important piece of evidence that the particles detected by the IceCube neutrino telescope at the South Pole originate from a galaxy four billion light-years away from Earth.

To rule out other origins with certainty, the team led by neutrino physicist Elisa Resconi from the Technical University of Munich and multi-wavelength...

Im Focus: Magnetic vortices: Two independent magnetic skyrmion phases discovered in a single material

For the first time a team of researchers have discovered two different phases of magnetic skyrmions in a single material. Physicists of the Technical Universities of Munich and Dresden and the University of Cologne can now better study and understand the properties of these magnetic structures, which are important for both basic research and applications.

Whirlpools are an everyday experience in a bath tub: When the water is drained a circular vortex is formed. Typically, such whirls are rather stable. Similar...

Im Focus: Breaking the bond: To take part or not?

Physicists working with Roland Wester at the University of Innsbruck have investigated if and how chemical reactions can be influenced by targeted vibrational excitation of the reactants. They were able to demonstrate that excitation with a laser beam does not affect the efficiency of a chemical exchange reaction and that the excited molecular group acts only as a spectator in the reaction.

A frequently used reaction in organic chemistry is nucleophilic substitution. It plays, for example, an important role in in the synthesis of new chemical...

Im Focus: New 2D Spectroscopy Methods

Optical spectroscopy allows investigating the energy structure and dynamic properties of complex quantum systems. Researchers from the University of Würzburg present two new approaches of coherent two-dimensional spectroscopy.

"Put an excitation into the system and observe how it evolves." According to physicist Professor Tobias Brixner, this is the credo of optical spectroscopy....

Im Focus: Chemical reactions in the light of ultrashort X-ray pulses from free-electron lasers

Ultra-short, high-intensity X-ray flashes open the door to the foundations of chemical reactions. Free-electron lasers generate these kinds of pulses, but there is a catch: the pulses vary in duration and energy. An international research team has now presented a solution: Using a ring of 16 detectors and a circularly polarized laser beam, they can determine both factors with attosecond accuracy.

Free-electron lasers (FELs) generate extremely short and intense X-ray flashes. Researchers can use these flashes to resolve structures with diameters on the...

All Focus news of the innovation-report >>>

Anzeige

Anzeige

VideoLinks
Industry & Economy
Event News

Leading experts in Diabetes, Metabolism and Biomedical Engineering discuss Precision Medicine

13.07.2018 | Event News

Conference on Laser Polishing – LaP: Fine Tuning for Surfaces

12.07.2018 | Event News

11th European Wood-based Panel Symposium 2018: Meeting point for the wood-based materials industry

03.07.2018 | Event News

 
Latest News

Leading experts in Diabetes, Metabolism and Biomedical Engineering discuss Precision Medicine

13.07.2018 | Event News

Research finds new molecular structures in boron-based nanoclusters

13.07.2018 | Materials Sciences

Algae Have Land Genes

13.07.2018 | Life Sciences

VideoLinks
Science & Research
Overview of more VideoLinks >>>