Researchers at the University of Chicago have developed a computer technique that “learns” how benign and malignant breast calcifications appear on digital mammograms so not only can it detect them, but it can also predict the likelihood that the calcifications are associated with cancer.
“In this study, we analyzed 49 full-field digital mammograms, 19 of which showed cancer,” said Rich Rana, a medical student at the University of Chicago. Four mammography specialists read the images and electronically put a box around the suspicious calcifications. The computer then automatically detected the calcifications within the box, analyzed them and calculated the probability of cancer, Rana said.
The system proved to consistently achieve performance comparable to the radiologists in classifying malignant and benign calcifications, regardless of who was using it, Rana added. One technique for rating the computer’s effectiveness is to give it one malignant case and one benign case and then test its ability to determine which is which, Rana said. Using this technique, the radiologist had a 72% chance of making the correct diagnosis, and the computer had a 79% chance.
Keri J. Sperry | ARRS
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Physicists at the University of Basel are able to show for the first time how a single electron looks in an artificial atom. A newly developed method enables them to show the probability of an electron being present in a space. This allows improved control of electron spins, which could serve as the smallest information unit in a future quantum computer. The experiments were published in Physical Review Letters and the related theory in Physical Review B.
The spin of an electron is a promising candidate for use as the smallest information unit (qubit) of a quantum computer. Controlling and switching this spin or...
Engineers at the University of Tokyo continually pioneer new ways to improve battery technology. Professor Atsuo Yamada and his team recently developed a...
With a quantum coprocessor in the cloud, physicists from Innsbruck, Austria, open the door to the simulation of previously unsolvable problems in chemistry, materials research or high-energy physics. The research groups led by Rainer Blatt and Peter Zoller report in the journal Nature how they simulated particle physics phenomena on 20 quantum bits and how the quantum simulator self-verified the result for the first time.
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'Quantum technologies' utilise the unique phenomena of quantum superposition and entanglement to encode and process information, with potentially profound benefits to a wide range of information technologies from communications to sensing and computing.
However a major challenge in developing these technologies is that the quantum phenomena are very fragile, and only a handful of physical systems have been...
Working group led by physicist Professor Ulrich Nowak at the University of Konstanz, in collaboration with a team of physicists from Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz, demonstrates how skyrmions can be used for the computer concepts of the future
When it comes to performing a calculation destined to arrive at an exact result, humans are hopelessly inferior to the computer. In other areas, humans are...
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