With the advent of antiretroviral medication, HIV patients are living longer and facing yet another health challenge.
Carotid artery intima-media thickness (IMT) - a potent predictor of heart attack and stroke - is significantly higher in HIV-infected patients compared to uninfected controls, according to study results from UCSF researchers. In addition after one year of follow-up, carotid artery IMT progressed significantly faster in HIV-infected individuals.
"Our findings suggest that it would be reasonable to consider HIV infection a cardiac risk factor. Other risk factors, such as high cholesterol and high blood pressure need to be aggressively treated in HIV patients - even it if means changes in their HIV medications." said the studys lead author, Priscilla Hsue, MD, assistant professor of medicine at UCSF.
Jeff Sheehy | EurekAlert!
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