For the first time, African Heads of State, the UN, the World Bank, DFID, The Global Fund, The Gates Foundation and other powerful actors are due to place HIV/AIDS, Malaria and Tuberculosis at the centre of their agenda in an open forum with the rest of the world.
In July 2003, the second annual Summit of the African Union will take place in Maputo to mark the changing of chairmanship from President Thabo Mbeki of South Africa, to President Joaquim Chissano of Mozambique. This event will define the policies for HIV, Malaria and TB for Africa this millennium.
The Interactive Health Network has been commissioned by the Government of Mozambique to maximise the impact of the Maputo meeting by holding the World Forum on Health and Development. This is a global event, unique by its interactive character. Key speakers include Mrs Graca Machel, Chair for the event in Maputo, President Chissano, UN Secretary General Kofi Annan, President Olusegun Obasanjo of Nigeria, Chairman of NEPAD, K.Y.Amoako, Executive Secretary ECA and Chairman CHGA, Dr Peter Piot, Exective Director UNAIDS, Dr Fatoumata Nafo-Traoré, Director Roll Back Malaria, Richard Feacham, Chairman of the Global Fund for AIDS, TB and Malaria, and Carol Bellamy, Executive Director UNICEF. These speakers will interact via videoconference links to Durban, London, Nairobi, Washington and New York with other key actors including Dr Mamphela Ramphele, Managing Director, the World Bank, Tommy Thompson, US Secretary of State for Health and Human Services, Professor Hoosen Coovadia from the University of Natal, and Dr Helene Gayle, Executive Director, HIV AIDS, TB and Reproductive Health from the Gates Foundation.
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For the first time ever, scientists have determined the cosmic origin of highest-energy neutrinos. A research group led by IceCube scientist Elisa Resconi, spokesperson of the Collaborative Research Center SFB1258 at the Technical University of Munich (TUM), provides an important piece of evidence that the particles detected by the IceCube neutrino telescope at the South Pole originate from a galaxy four billion light-years away from Earth.
To rule out other origins with certainty, the team led by neutrino physicist Elisa Resconi from the Technical University of Munich and multi-wavelength...
For the first time a team of researchers have discovered two different phases of magnetic skyrmions in a single material. Physicists of the Technical Universities of Munich and Dresden and the University of Cologne can now better study and understand the properties of these magnetic structures, which are important for both basic research and applications.
Whirlpools are an everyday experience in a bath tub: When the water is drained a circular vortex is formed. Typically, such whirls are rather stable. Similar...
Physicists working with Roland Wester at the University of Innsbruck have investigated if and how chemical reactions can be influenced by targeted vibrational excitation of the reactants. They were able to demonstrate that excitation with a laser beam does not affect the efficiency of a chemical exchange reaction and that the excited molecular group acts only as a spectator in the reaction.
A frequently used reaction in organic chemistry is nucleophilic substitution. It plays, for example, an important role in in the synthesis of new chemical...
Optical spectroscopy allows investigating the energy structure and dynamic properties of complex quantum systems. Researchers from the University of Würzburg present two new approaches of coherent two-dimensional spectroscopy.
"Put an excitation into the system and observe how it evolves." According to physicist Professor Tobias Brixner, this is the credo of optical spectroscopy....
Ultra-short, high-intensity X-ray flashes open the door to the foundations of chemical reactions. Free-electron lasers generate these kinds of pulses, but there is a catch: the pulses vary in duration and energy. An international research team has now presented a solution: Using a ring of 16 detectors and a circularly polarized laser beam, they can determine both factors with attosecond accuracy.
Free-electron lasers (FELs) generate extremely short and intense X-ray flashes. Researchers can use these flashes to resolve structures with diameters on the...
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