Forum for Science, Industry and Business

Sponsored by:     3M 
Search our Site:

 

Stress at work increases the chance of acute common infections

24.01.2003


Stress at work and fatigue increase the chance of acute infections such as common colds, flu-like illnesses and gastroenteritis. This was discovered in research carried out by Danielle Mohren at Maastricht University, in which more than 8000 employees from various companies were followed over a three-year period.



The study revealed that employees in highly demanding jobs suffered from colds 20 percent more often than employees in less demanding positions. Also job insecurity, for example as a result of reorganisations, leads to an increase in flu and gastroenteritis in particular. Employees working shifts have a higher chance of developing infections than daytime employees. The risk is greatest among those who work in a three-shift system.

The research also demonstrated that fatigue, and in particular burnout, increased the risk of infections. For example, employees with burnout complaints suffered from gastroenteritis almost twice as often as employees without burnout.


Mohren also investigated which factors in the workplace played a role in absenteeism due to infection. Employees who were absent due to having a cold, often did this because they were not motivated. They exhibited little commitment in the work or little job satisfaction.

In 1998 the Maastricht research group started its investigation with a questionnaire sent to more than 27,000 employees. More than 12,000 people responded. Subsequently these persons received an extensive questionnaire once per year and a short questionnaire twice per year. Amongst other things these enquired about the occurrence of acute infections. The researchers also examined the working environment of the respondents.

The use of questionnaires in a large-scale study is almost unavoidable, but has the disadvantage that the research results can be an underestimation or overestimation of the effects found. Yet despite this, the study shows a clear link between working conditions and health.

Mohren’s research is part of the Netherlands Organisation for Scientific Research Priority Programme ‘Fatigue at work’.

The research was funded by the Netherlands Organisation for Scientific Research (NWO).

Michel Philippens | alfa
Further information:
http://www.nwo.nl

More articles from Health and Medicine:

nachricht Protective antibodies identified for rare, polio-like disease in children
06.07.2020 | Purdue University

nachricht Cancer cells make blood vessels drug resistant during chemotherapy
02.07.2020 | Hokkaido University

All articles from Health and Medicine >>>

The most recent press releases about innovation >>>

Die letzten 5 Focus-News des innovations-reports im Überblick:

Im Focus: Electrons in the fast lane

Solar cells based on perovskite compounds could soon make electricity generation from sunlight even more efficient and cheaper. The laboratory efficiency of these perovskite solar cells already exceeds that of the well-known silicon solar cells. An international team led by Stefan Weber from the Max Planck Institute for Polymer Research (MPI-P) in Mainz has found microscopic structures in perovskite crystals that can guide the charge transport in the solar cell. Clever alignment of these "electron highways" could make perovskite solar cells even more powerful.

Solar cells convert sunlight into electricity. During this process, the electrons of the material inside the cell absorb the energy of the light....

Im Focus: The lightest electromagnetic shielding material in the world

Empa researchers have succeeded in applying aerogels to microelectronics: Aerogels based on cellulose nanofibers can effectively shield electromagnetic radiation over a wide frequency range – and they are unrivalled in terms of weight.

Electric motors and electronic devices generate electromagnetic fields that sometimes have to be shielded in order not to affect neighboring electronic...

Im Focus: Gentle wall contact – the right scenario for a fusion power plant

Quasi-continuous power exhaust developed as a wall-friendly method on ASDEX Upgrade

A promising operating mode for the plasma of a future power plant has been developed at the ASDEX Upgrade fusion device at Max Planck Institute for Plasma...

Im Focus: ILA Goes Digital – Automation & Production Technology for Adaptable Aircraft Production

Live event – July 1, 2020 - 11:00 to 11:45 (CET)
"Automation in Aerospace Industry @ Fraunhofer IFAM"

The Fraunhofer Institute for Manufacturing Technology and Advanced Materials IFAM l Stade is presenting its forward-looking R&D portfolio for the first time at...

Im Focus: AI monitoring of laser welding processes - X-ray vision and eavesdropping ensure quality

With an X-ray experiment at the European Synchrotron ESRF in Grenoble (France), Empa researchers were able to demonstrate how well their real-time acoustic monitoring of laser weld seams works. With almost 90 percent reliability, they detected the formation of unwanted pores that impair the quality of weld seams. Thanks to a special evaluation method based on artificial intelligence (AI), the detection process is completed in just 70 milliseconds.

Laser welding is a process suitable for joining metals and thermoplastics. It has become particularly well established in highly automated production, for...

All Focus news of the innovation-report >>>

Anzeige

Anzeige

VideoLinks
Industry & Economy
Event News

International conference QuApps shows status quo of quantum technology

02.07.2020 | Event News

Dresden Nexus Conference 2020: Same Time, Virtual Format, Registration Opened

19.05.2020 | Event News

Aachen Machine Tool Colloquium AWK'21 will take place on June 10 and 11, 2021

07.04.2020 | Event News

 
Latest News

Protective antibodies identified for rare, polio-like disease in children

06.07.2020 | Health and Medicine

How a mutation on the novel coronavirus has come to dominate the globe

06.07.2020 | Life Sciences

Order from noise: how randomness and collective dynamics define a stem cell

06.07.2020 | Life Sciences

VideoLinks
Science & Research
Overview of more VideoLinks >>>