Forum for Science, Industry and Business

Sponsored by:     3M 
Search our Site:

 

Surgeons use abdomen veins to treat brain artery blockage

18.12.2002


Surgeons at Rush-Presbyterian-St. Luke’s Medical Center in Chicago have documented the first use of a blood vessel from the abdomen to treat a blocked artery in the brain. The case study was published in the December issue of Surgical Laparoscopy, Endoscopy and Percutaneous Techniques.



The case involved a 49-year old man with a history of hypertension and heart disease and a blocked artery in the brain. The patient’s doctors were Dr. Constantine T. Frantzides, professor of surgery and director of the minimally invasive surgery program at Rush and Dr. R. Lawrence Ferguson, a neurosurgeon at Rush and the Chicago Institute for Neuroresearch and Neurosurgery.

Surgeons usually use a blood vessel from the leg to avoid this blockage and restore blood flow, but the procedure involves two invasive surgeries -- one to remove the blood vessel in the leg and the other to graft it into the brain.


Frantzides and Ferguson used a laproscopic method to remove a blood vessel from the omentum, which is an apron-like area in the lower abdomen comprised of fatty and other tissues and blood vessels that protects the abdomen. With laproscopy, surgeons use small holes to access areas of the body that would normally require large incisions.

The Rush surgeons grafted the omentum into the cerebellum, which is in front of the artery that was blocked.

Frantzides said that because of the distance between the lower abdomen and the brain, the surgeons made portals that allowed them to create a tunnel for the omental graft. The surgeons then used the portals to pull the omentum through the tunnel until it reached the brain.

"Because we had to stretch the omentum from the abdomen to the brain, we had to map the entire path so the main vessel could maintain its blood supply as it unfolded and reached the brain," Frantzides said. The portals were placed along the path of the grafted blood vessels so the surgeon could access the vein and pull it along until it reached the brain, he said.

The patient, who had suffered right-sided weakness, slurred speech and loss of balance, fully recovered and showed no signs of these symptoms postoperatively.

Chris Martin | EurekAlert!
Further information:
http://www.rush.edu/

More articles from Health and Medicine:

nachricht Correct antibiotic dosing could preserve lung microbial diversity in cystic fibrosis
22.02.2019 | Children's National Health System

nachricht Researchers find trigger that turns strep infections into flesh-eating disease
19.02.2019 | Houston Methodist

All articles from Health and Medicine >>>

The most recent press releases about innovation >>>

Die letzten 5 Focus-News des innovations-reports im Überblick:

Im Focus: (Re)solving the jet/cocoon riddle of a gravitational wave event

An international research team including astronomers from the Max Planck Institute for Radio Astronomy in Bonn, Germany, has combined radio telescopes from five continents to prove the existence of a narrow stream of material, a so-called jet, emerging from the only gravitational wave event involving two neutron stars observed so far. With its high sensitivity and excellent performance, the 100-m radio telescope in Effelsberg played an important role in the observations.

In August 2017, two neutron stars were observed colliding, producing gravitational waves that were detected by the American LIGO and European Virgo detectors....

Im Focus: Light from a roll – hybrid OLED creates innovative and functional luminous surfaces

Up to now, OLEDs have been used exclusively as a novel lighting technology for use in luminaires and lamps. However, flexible organic technology can offer much more: as an active lighting surface, it can be combined with a wide variety of materials, not just to modify but to revolutionize the functionality and design of countless existing products. To exemplify this, the Fraunhofer FEP together with the company EMDE development of light GmbH will be presenting hybrid flexible OLEDs integrated into textile designs within the EU-funded project PI-SCALE for the first time at LOPEC (March 19-21, 2019 in Munich, Germany) as examples of some of the many possible applications.

The Fraunhofer FEP, a provider of research and development services in the field of organic electronics, has long been involved in the development of...

Im Focus: Regensburg physicists watch electron transfer in a single molecule

For the first time, an international team of scientists based in Regensburg, Germany, has recorded the orbitals of single molecules in different charge states in a novel type of microscopy. The research findings are published under the title “Mapping orbital changes upon electron transfer with tunneling microscopy on insulators” in the prestigious journal “Nature”.

The building blocks of matter surrounding us are atoms and molecules. The properties of that matter, however, are often not set by these building blocks...

Im Focus: University of Konstanz gains new insights into the recent development of the human immune system

Scientists at the University of Konstanz identify fierce competition between the human immune system and bacterial pathogens

Cell biologists from the University of Konstanz shed light on a recent evolutionary process in the human immune system and publish their findings in the...

Im Focus: Transformation through Light

Laser physicists have taken snapshots of carbon molecules C₆₀ showing how they transform in intense infrared light

When carbon molecules C₆₀ are exposed to an intense infrared light, they change their ball-like structure to a more elongated version. This has now been...

All Focus news of the innovation-report >>>

Anzeige

Anzeige

VideoLinks
Industry & Economy
Event News

Global Legal Hackathon at HAW Hamburg

11.02.2019 | Event News

The world of quantum chemistry meets in Heidelberg

30.01.2019 | Event News

Our digital society in 2040

16.01.2019 | Event News

 
Latest News

JILA researchers make coldest quantum gas of molecules

22.02.2019 | Physics and Astronomy

Understanding high efficiency of deep ultraviolet LEDs

22.02.2019 | Materials Sciences

Russian scientists show changes in the erythrocyte nanostructure under stress

22.02.2019 | Life Sciences

VideoLinks
Science & Research
Overview of more VideoLinks >>>