Forum for Science, Industry and Business

Sponsored by:     3M 
Search our Site:

 

Kidney cell suicide in diabetes patients

04.06.2008
Diabetes is the leading cause of renal failure that requires dialysis. The disease generates such a hostile environment that it forces the kidney cells to kill themselves, progressively reducing the renal functions of the kidneys.

A research group from the department of medicine at the Universidad Autónoma de Madrid (UAM) has studied the causes and consequences of the cell suicide of renal cells.

Diabetes slowly destroys the kidney up to the point where the renal function has to be taken on by dialysis (artificial kidney) or a transplanted kidney. It is the leading cause of end stage renal failure that requires dialysis. The destruction of the kidney comes from the loss of its cells, which recent studies have demonstrated to be caused by apoptosis, a process that, for cells, involves death by suicide.

Cells suicide when their environment does not “please” them, when their surroundings feel hostile or stressful. The Spanish team managed by Alberto Ortiz, professor of the department of medicine of the UAM based at the Jiménez Díaz-Capio foundation, has spent years studying the causes and the consequences of kidney cell suicide, specializing in “psycho-cellulology”.

The team analyzed the genes related with apoptosis as a part of a European collaborative effort (European Renal Biopsy Bank) that studies the expression pattern of genes found in patients suffering from diabetic nephropathy. The affected kidneys exhibited an abnormal expression of 112 genes that regulate the cell suicide. Among these genes, the Spanish team identified a protein of the Tumour Necrosis Factor (TNF) family, called TRAIL, as the key to the cell suicide in diabetes affected kidneys.

In these kidneys, large quantities of TRAIL can be found that surprisingly do not come from the increased glucose levels that define the disease, but from the inflammation that accompanies the renal damage. Inflammation and higher glucose levels favour renal damage; the inflammation raises the TRAIL levels while the hyperglycaemia generates a stressful environment that, in the presence of TRAIL, leads to cell suicide.

The role played by inflammation in the cell suicide that leads to renal damage suggests that the treatment of diabetic nephropathies requires a multiple attack to control the glucose levels while also acting on the renal inflammation and lethal proteins like TRAIL.

This study is part of the efforts carried out by the Red de Investigación Renal (RedInRen), financed by the Carlos III institute, to expose the mechanisms of renal lesions and develop new treatments for renal diseases. The results from this study have been published on-line in the Journal of the American Society of Nephrology (J Am Soc Nephrol. 2008, [Epub ahead of print]), the most representative journal for Nephrology and Urology.

Oficina de Cultura Científica | alfa
Further information:
http://dx.doi.org/10.1681/ASN.2007050581

More articles from Health and Medicine:

nachricht Remdesivir prevents MERS coronavirus disease in monkeys
14.02.2020 | NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases

nachricht Recent advances in addressing tuberculosis give hope for future
12.02.2020 | NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases

All articles from Health and Medicine >>>

The most recent press releases about innovation >>>

Die letzten 5 Focus-News des innovations-reports im Überblick:

Im Focus: Skyrmions like it hot: Spin structures are controllable even at high temperatures

Investigation of the temperature dependence of the skyrmion Hall effect reveals further insights into possible new data storage devices

The joint research project of Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz (JGU) and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) that had previously demonstrated...

Im Focus: Making the internet more energy efficient through systemic optimization

Researchers at Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden, recently completed a 5-year research project looking at how to make fibre optic communications systems more energy efficient. Among their proposals are smart, error-correcting data chip circuits, which they refined to be 10 times less energy consumptive. The project has yielded several scientific articles, in publications including Nature Communications.

Streaming films and music, scrolling through social media, and using cloud-based storage services are everyday activities now.

Im Focus: New synthesis methods enhance 3D chemical space for drug discovery

After helping develop a new approach for organic synthesis -- carbon-hydrogen functionalization -- scientists at Emory University are now showing how this approach may apply to drug discovery. Nature Catalysis published their most recent work -- a streamlined process for making a three-dimensional scaffold of keen interest to the pharmaceutical industry.

"Our tools open up whole new chemical space for potential drug targets," says Huw Davies, Emory professor of organic chemistry and senior author of the paper.

Im Focus: Quantum fluctuations sustain the record superconductor

Superconductivity approaching room temperature may be possible in hydrogen-rich compounds at much lower pressures than previously expected

Reaching room-temperature superconductivity is one of the biggest dreams in physics. Its discovery would bring a technological revolution by providing...

Im Focus: New coronavirus module in SORMAS

HZI-developed app for disease control is expanded to stop the spread of the pathogen

At the end of December 2019, the first cases of pneumonia caused by a novel coronavirus were reported from the Chinese city of Wuhan. Since then, infections...

All Focus news of the innovation-report >>>

Anzeige

Anzeige

VideoLinks
Industry & Economy
Event News

70th Lindau Nobel Laureate Meeting: Around 70 Laureates set to meet with young scientists from approx. 100 countries

12.02.2020 | Event News

11th Advanced Battery Power Conference, March 24-25, 2020 in Münster/Germany

16.01.2020 | Event News

Laser Colloquium Hydrogen LKH2: fast and reliable fuel cell manufacturing

15.01.2020 | Event News

 
Latest News

Electric solid propellant -- can it take the heat?

14.02.2020 | Physics and Astronomy

Pitt study uncovers new electronic state of matter

14.02.2020 | Physics and Astronomy

Researchers observe quantum interferences in real-time using a new extreme ultra-violet light spectroscopy technique

14.02.2020 | Physics and Astronomy

VideoLinks
Science & Research
Overview of more VideoLinks >>>