Forum for Science, Industry and Business

Sponsored by:     3M 
Search our Site:

 

A researcher of the University of Navarra has discovered new compounds with potential anti-depressant activity

20.02.2008
Luis Berrade, a researcher with the Drug R&D Unit of the University of Navarra, has discovered new compounds with the potential for anti-depressant activity.

All told, the chemist of the School of Sciences synthesized 51 compounds whose biological characteristics were evaluated by two of the most prestigious groups in this area: the Mediterranean Institute of Neurobiology, located in Italy, and the Department of Pharmacology of the University of Oslo.

The results obtained formed part of his doctoral dissertation, entitled “Design, synthesis and preliminary biological evaluation of new derivatives of benzo[b]-thiophene in the Search for Agents for a New Anti-Depressant Therapy.”

As the researcher explained, the new molecules which he designed affect two brain targets which are considered to be keys in the development of processes of depression. One of these is the serotonin transporter, whose reuptake reduction has already been shown to improve mood; the other is the serotoninergic receptor 5-HT7, a therapeutic target for serotonin whose modulation can provoke anti-depressant effects.

Trials in vivo

In order to study these two key targets, Luis Berrade developed chemical structures via the fusion of two similar chemical compounds: the benzo[b]-thiophene ring and arilamine. Following this, he compared the new compounds with a drug currently on the market, Fluoxetine. As a result of this research, he explained, we discovered that nine of these compounds demonstrated greater affinity, in this sense, than the commercial drug. As a consequence of this discovery, in January in vivo trials were begun in order to test their anti-depressant activity in mice.

This study, one of the first in the world in this specialty, was undertaken in collaboration with the Department of Pharmacology of the University of Navarra. Among its objectives was discovering whether these new compounds could reduce the minimum time required for anti-depressant drugs to ameliorate the symptoms of the disease: Currently, the time for an antidepressant to take effect is from three to six weeks, and this is an important factor in patient refusal to continue with these treatments; as a result it is very important to shorten the time required for the positive effects to appear.

Garazi Andonegi | alfa
Further information:
http://www.basqueresearch.com/berria_irakurri.asp?Berri_Kod=1641&hizk=I

More articles from Health and Medicine:

nachricht Discovery shows promise for treating Huntington's Disease
05.08.2020 | Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne

nachricht Carbon monoxide improves endurance performance
05.08.2020 | Universität Bayreuth

All articles from Health and Medicine >>>

The most recent press releases about innovation >>>

Die letzten 5 Focus-News des innovations-reports im Überblick:

Im Focus: ScanCut project completed: laser cutting enables more intricate plug connector designs

Scientists at the Fraunhofer Institute for Laser Technology ILT have come up with a striking new addition to contact stamping technologies in the ERDF research project ScanCut. In collaboration with industry partners from North Rhine-Westphalia, the Aachen-based team of researchers developed a hybrid manufacturing process for the laser cutting of thin-walled metal strips. This new process makes it possible to fabricate even the tiniest details of contact parts in an eco-friendly, high-precision and efficient manner.

Plug connectors are tiny and, at first glance, unremarkable – yet modern vehicles would be unable to function without them. Several thousand plug connectors...

Im Focus: New Strategy Against Osteoporosis

An international research team has found a new approach that may be able to reduce bone loss in osteoporosis and maintain bone health.

Osteoporosis is the most common age-related bone disease which affects hundreds of millions of individuals worldwide. It is estimated that one in three women...

Im Focus: AI & single-cell genomics

New software predicts cell fate

Traditional single-cell sequencing methods help to reveal insights about cellular differences and functions - but they do this with static snapshots only...

Im Focus: TU Graz Researchers synthesize nanoparticles tailored for special applications

“Core-shell” clusters pave the way for new efficient nanomaterials that make catalysts, magnetic and laser sensors or measuring devices for detecting electromagnetic radiation more efficient.

Whether in innovative high-tech materials, more powerful computer chips, pharmaceuticals or in the field of renewable energies, nanoparticles – smallest...

Im Focus: Tailored light inspired by nature

An international research team with Prof. Cornelia Denz from the Institute of Applied Physics at the University of Münster develop for the first time light fields using caustics that do not change during propagation. With the new method, the physicists cleverly exploit light structures that can be seen in rainbows or when light is transmitted through drinking glasses.

Modern applications as high resolution microsopy or micro- or nanoscale material processing require customized laser beams that do not change during...

All Focus news of the innovation-report >>>

Anzeige

Anzeige

VideoLinks
Industry & Economy
Event News

“Conference on Laser Polishing – LaP 2020”: The final touches for surfaces

23.07.2020 | Event News

Conference radar for cybersecurity

21.07.2020 | Event News

Contact Tracing Apps against COVID-19: German National Academy Leopoldina hosts international virtual panel discussion

07.07.2020 | Event News

 
Latest News

Rare Earth Elements in Norwegian Fjords?

06.08.2020 | Earth Sciences

Anode material for safe batteries with a long cycle life

06.08.2020 | Power and Electrical Engineering

Turning carbon dioxide into liquid fuel

06.08.2020 | Life Sciences

VideoLinks
Science & Research
Overview of more VideoLinks >>>