“Parents serve as important role models for their children when it comes to healthy eating,” says Dr. Kral. “Watching a parent eat initially disliked or novel foods, such as vegetables, can enhance a child’s preference for those foods.”
Besides modeling healthy eating behaviors, parents also decide what foods to make available to their children in the home. Making vegetables easily accessible can provide children with opportunities to try new foods and to repeatedly taste them, an important factor in adding healthful new foods to children’s diets, explains Dr. Kral, who studies childhood obesity.
“It is important to know that children’s innate taste preferences can be modified through repeated experiences with food,” says Dr. Kral. “Studies have shown that multiple exposures to the taste of initially disliked or novel foods can significantly increase children’s liking and acceptance of those foods, including vegetables.”
In her 2010 study, published in the journal “Obesity,” Dr. Kral was the first to test the effects of increasing the amount of fruits and vegetables served at a meal on young children’s intake. The findings demonstrate that when the portion size of a fruit side dish was increased, the children ate more of the fruit. The data also show that using portion size to promote children’s vegetable intake, however, is more challenging.
A diet that is rich in fruits and vegetables not only provides important nutrients for children, but also tends to be lower in energy density, notes Dr. Kral. Energy density refers to the amount of calories in a given portion of food. Foods that are high in energy density (such as chips and candy) pack many calories in a small weight, while a food that is low in energy density packs fewer calories for the same weight. Foods that are low in energy density and rich in nutrients, such as fruits, salads, soups, and cooked grains, allow children to eat satisfying portions without ingesting too many calories.
“Making a variety of healthful foods available in the home and during meals is a good strategy to promote good nutrition in children,” says Dr. Kral. “But whether or not children decide to eat the healthful foods will likely also depend on what other competing foods are being made available.”
Joy McIntyre | Newswise Science News
New way to target advanced breast cancers
24.09.2018 | Jackson Laboratory
Neutrons produce first direct 3D maps of water during cell membrane fusion
21.09.2018 | DOE/Oak Ridge National Laboratory
The building blocks of matter in our universe were formed in the first 10 microseconds of its existence, according to the currently accepted scientific picture. After the Big Bang about 13.7 billion years ago, matter consisted mainly of quarks and gluons, two types of elementary particles whose interactions are governed by quantum chromodynamics (QCD), the theory of strong interaction. In the early universe, these particles moved (nearly) freely in a quark-gluon plasma.
This is a joint press release of University Muenster and Heidelberg as well as the GSI Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung in Darmstadt.
Then, in a phase transition, they combined and formed hadrons, among them the building blocks of atomic nuclei, protons and neutrons. In the current issue of...
Thin-film solar cells made of crystalline silicon are inexpensive and achieve efficiencies of a good 14 percent. However, they could do even better if their shiny surfaces reflected less light. A team led by Prof. Christiane Becker from the Helmholtz-Zentrum Berlin (HZB) has now patented a sophisticated new solution to this problem.
"It is not enough simply to bring more light into the cell," says Christiane Becker. Such surface structures can even ultimately reduce the efficiency by...
A study in the journal Bulletin of Marine Science describes a new, blood-red species of octocoral found in Panama. The species in the genus Thesea was discovered in the threatened low-light reef environment on Hannibal Bank, 60 kilometers off mainland Pacific Panama, by researchers at the Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute in Panama (STRI) and the Centro de Investigación en Ciencias del Mar y Limnología (CIMAR) at the University of Costa Rica.
Scientists established the new species, Thesea dalioi, by comparing its physical traits, such as branch thickness and the bright red colony color, with the...
Scientists have succeeded in observing the first long-distance transfer of information in a magnetic group of materials known as antiferromagnets.
An international team of researchers has mapped Nemo's genome, providing the research community with an invaluable resource to decode the response of fish to...
21.09.2018 | Event News
03.09.2018 | Event News
27.08.2018 | Event News
24.09.2018 | Physics and Astronomy
24.09.2018 | Earth Sciences
24.09.2018 | Health and Medicine