Forum for Science, Industry and Business

Sponsored by:     3M 
Search our Site:

 

Gene for neat repair of DNA discovered

25.01.2002


Researchers from the Erasmus University in Rotterdam have demonstrated that a gene helps in the neat repair of DNA. Without this gene the body would repair damaged DNA in a careless manner more often. This causes new damage, which can lead to cancer.


The careless repair of damaged DNA can cause mutations and can result in cancer. Cell biologists from the Erasmus University in Rotterdam studied the repair of double strand breaks. Such breaks can for example arise following radiotherapy.

The researchers simulated radiotherapy by specifically damaging the DNA of mouse cells. Mouse cells in which the gene Rad54 was first inactivated, more often chose a careless means of repairing the damaged DNA. In normal mouse cells no more than 60% of the repairs are done in a careless manner, whereas in cells with an inactivated Rad54 gene this figure was about 80%.

The results show that the Rad54 gene is important for repairing breaks in a neat manner and for preventing mutations. The scientists hope that their findings combined with future research will lead to improvements in the treatment of cancer. In the meantime the researchers are examining patients who overreact to radiotherapy. The idea is that physicians could for example give milder radiotherapy to patients who lack the Rad54 gene.



In another experiment the cell biologists examined the repair of cross-links. This type of damage arises after chemotherapy with, for example, melphalan, mitomycin C or cisplatin. The researchers inactivated the Snm1 gene in mice. After this the mice were given a small quantity of mitomycin.

Mice with a inactivated Snm1 gene died at a lower dose of mitomycin than mice with an intact Snm1 gene. This was probably because the mice with a inactivated Snm1 could not adequately repair the cross-links. Future research in patients who strongly react to chemotherapy must demonstrate whether this also involves a disrupted Snm1 gene.

DNA breaks can be repaired in three ways. The neat manner, homologous recombination, restores the break by copying information from an intact DNA molecule to the broken DNA molecule. The careless manner is called "sticking" recombination. This repair mechanism comes into play when the same piece of DNA is present slightly further along the same DNA molecule. The cell removes the undamaged intermediate piece of DNA. This costs less time than the neat manner but carries the risk that information will be lost. In the third manner, which is the simplest and most careless, the ends around a break are simply stuck together.

Michel Philippens | alphagalileo

More articles from Life Sciences:

nachricht Rising water temperatures could endanger the mating of many fish species
03.07.2020 | Alfred-Wegener-Institut, Helmholtz-Zentrum für Polar- und Meeresforschung

nachricht Moss protein corrects genetic defects of other plants
03.07.2020 | Rheinische Friedrich-Wilhelms-Universität Bonn

All articles from Life Sciences >>>

The most recent press releases about innovation >>>

Die letzten 5 Focus-News des innovations-reports im Überblick:

Im Focus: Electrons in the fast lane

Solar cells based on perovskite compounds could soon make electricity generation from sunlight even more efficient and cheaper. The laboratory efficiency of these perovskite solar cells already exceeds that of the well-known silicon solar cells. An international team led by Stefan Weber from the Max Planck Institute for Polymer Research (MPI-P) in Mainz has found microscopic structures in perovskite crystals that can guide the charge transport in the solar cell. Clever alignment of these "electron highways" could make perovskite solar cells even more powerful.

Solar cells convert sunlight into electricity. During this process, the electrons of the material inside the cell absorb the energy of the light....

Im Focus: The lightest electromagnetic shielding material in the world

Empa researchers have succeeded in applying aerogels to microelectronics: Aerogels based on cellulose nanofibers can effectively shield electromagnetic radiation over a wide frequency range – and they are unrivalled in terms of weight.

Electric motors and electronic devices generate electromagnetic fields that sometimes have to be shielded in order not to affect neighboring electronic...

Im Focus: Gentle wall contact – the right scenario for a fusion power plant

Quasi-continuous power exhaust developed as a wall-friendly method on ASDEX Upgrade

A promising operating mode for the plasma of a future power plant has been developed at the ASDEX Upgrade fusion device at Max Planck Institute for Plasma...

Im Focus: ILA Goes Digital – Automation & Production Technology for Adaptable Aircraft Production

Live event – July 1, 2020 - 11:00 to 11:45 (CET)
"Automation in Aerospace Industry @ Fraunhofer IFAM"

The Fraunhofer Institute for Manufacturing Technology and Advanced Materials IFAM l Stade is presenting its forward-looking R&D portfolio for the first time at...

Im Focus: AI monitoring of laser welding processes - X-ray vision and eavesdropping ensure quality

With an X-ray experiment at the European Synchrotron ESRF in Grenoble (France), Empa researchers were able to demonstrate how well their real-time acoustic monitoring of laser weld seams works. With almost 90 percent reliability, they detected the formation of unwanted pores that impair the quality of weld seams. Thanks to a special evaluation method based on artificial intelligence (AI), the detection process is completed in just 70 milliseconds.

Laser welding is a process suitable for joining metals and thermoplastics. It has become particularly well established in highly automated production, for...

All Focus news of the innovation-report >>>

Anzeige

Anzeige

VideoLinks
Industry & Economy
Event News

International conference QuApps shows status quo of quantum technology

02.07.2020 | Event News

Dresden Nexus Conference 2020: Same Time, Virtual Format, Registration Opened

19.05.2020 | Event News

Aachen Machine Tool Colloquium AWK'21 will take place on June 10 and 11, 2021

07.04.2020 | Event News

 
Latest News

Rising water temperatures could endanger the mating of many fish species

03.07.2020 | Life Sciences

Risk of infection with COVID-19 from singing: First results of aerosol study with the Bavarian Radio Chorus

03.07.2020 | Studies and Analyses

Efficient, Economical and Aesthetic: Researchers Build Electrodes from Leaves

03.07.2020 | Power and Electrical Engineering

VideoLinks
Science & Research
Overview of more VideoLinks >>>