SOCS3 (Suppressors of Cytokine Signalling) controls the responses of cells to cytokines (growth factors). It is important that cytokine signalling is properly regulated within the human body. If SOCS3 permits cytokine signalling to be too "loud", then the excess of growth signals can cause crippling inflammatory diseases such as Rheumatoid Arthritis or diseases where cells multiply uncontrollably – cancer.
Conversely, if cytokine signalling is overly repressed by SOCS3, then bone marrow is deprived of sufficient white blood cells required to rejuvenate the damaged immune system following chemotherapy. An unfortunate side effect of chemotherapy is damage caused to the bone marrow that produces the white blood cells of the immune system. This leaves cancer patients prey to opportunistic infections that can delay and adversely affect their recovery.
A cytokine called G-CSF (developed in previous years at WEHI) is in clinical use worldwide to stimulate the restoration of bone marrow and the reinvigoration of the immune system in chemotherapy patients. The success of G-CSF (or Granulocyte Colony Stimulating Factor) depends on the complementary proper functioning of SOCS3.
A research team at WEHI has determined the three-dimensional structure of SOCS3. This discovery about the structure may enable the design of selective inhibitors of SOCS3 that might be useful in extending the activity of G-CSF in restoring white blood cells.
The structure also showed that SOCS3 contains a region that could be engineered out, improving the stability of SOCS3. This newly engineered version of SOCS3 also has the potential to enhance its repressive functions, which may allow inflammatory diseases to be treated more effectively.
Brad Allen | EurekAlert!
Lethal combination: Drug cocktail turns off the juice to cancer cells
12.12.2018 | Universität Basel
Smelling the forest – not the trees
12.12.2018 | Universität Konstanz
A research team from the University of Zurich has developed a new drone that can retract its propeller arms in flight and make itself small to fit through narrow gaps and holes. This is particularly useful when searching for victims of natural disasters.
Inspecting a damaged building after an earthquake or during a fire is exactly the kind of job that human rescuers would like drones to do for them. A flying...
Over the last decade, there has been much excitement about the discovery, recognised by the Nobel Prize in Physics only two years ago, that there are two types...
What if a sensor sensing a thing could be part of the thing itself? Rice University engineers believe they have a two-dimensional solution to do just that.
Rice engineers led by materials scientists Pulickel Ajayan and Jun Lou have developed a method to make atom-flat sensors that seamlessly integrate with devices...
Scientists at the University of Stuttgart and the Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT) succeed in important further development on the way to quantum Computers.
Quantum computers one day should be able to solve certain computing problems much faster than a classical computer. One of the most promising approaches is...
New Project SNAPSTER: Novel luminescent materials by encapsulating phosphorescent metal clusters with organic liquid crystals
Nowadays energy conversion in lighting and optoelectronic devices requires the use of rare earth oxides.
10.12.2018 | Event News
06.12.2018 | Event News
03.12.2018 | Event News
12.12.2018 | Trade Fair News
12.12.2018 | Information Technology
12.12.2018 | Life Sciences