Forum for Science, Industry and Business

Sponsored by:     3M 
Search our Site:

 

OHSU researchers discover protein fragment that helps predict breast cancer outcome

17.01.2006


Oregon Health & Science University Cancer Institute researchers have identified a protein fragment in some human breast cancers that may help predict a patient’s chances of survival.



The presence of the fragment, called p95HER-2, in breast cancer tissue correlates closely with lymph node metastasis and earlier recurrence of the disease, suggesting that p95HER-2 is a marker and perhaps even involved in metastasis.

"By studying this marker we have a better chance to identify the patients who are more likely to have a longer disease-free survival," said Edward Keenan, Ph.D., one of the authors of the study. Keenan is professor of physiology and pharmacology and associate dean for medical education, OHSU School of Medicine.


The study, conducted in the lab of Gail Clinton, Ph.D., professor of biochemistry and molecular biology, OHSU School of Medicine, in collaboration with Keenan and investigators in Spain led by Jose Baselga, M.D., will be published on Jan. 15 in Clinical Cancer Research, a journal published by the American Association for Cancer Research.

The study builds on observations the investigators have published over the last five years about the role of the HER-2 oncogene in breast cancer. HER-2, a growth factor receptor, is overexpressed in 20 to 30 percent of breast cancer cases, but it has had limited usefulness in predicting clinical outcomes, particularly in early-stage breast cancer.

Clinton’s lab identified a fragment of full-length p185HER-2 that results from HER-2 cleavage, called p95HER-2, and developed an antibody that recognized it, making it possible to study the role of p95HER-2 in the spread of breast cancer.

The researchers studied breast cancer tissue from 483 biopsies from hospitals in the United States and Spain representing all stages of the disease. Two forms of the HER-2 protein were investigated: the full-length p185HER-2 receptor and its truncated form, p95HER-2. Only the truncated form proved to be a significant independent prognostic factor regarding clinical outcomes.

"More work is needed to determine if the presence of p95 has any significance regarding responsiveness of the cancers to chemotherapy, anti-estrogen therapy or Herceptin [a drug therapy for HER-2-related metastatic breast cancer]," Keenan said. "Hopefully, understanding the significance of this marker will help us better specify effective therapy for individual patients."

Rachel MacKnight | EurekAlert!
Further information:
http://www.ohsu.edu

More articles from Life Sciences:

nachricht Climate Impact Research in Hannover: Small Plants against Large Waves
17.08.2018 | Leibniz Universität Hannover

nachricht First transcription atlas of all wheat genes expands prospects for research and cultivation
17.08.2018 | Leibniz-Institut für Pflanzengenetik und Kulturpflanzenforschung

All articles from Life Sciences >>>

The most recent press releases about innovation >>>

Die letzten 5 Focus-News des innovations-reports im Überblick:

Im Focus: Color effects from transparent 3D-printed nanostructures

New design tool automatically creates nanostructure 3D-print templates for user-given colors
Scientists present work at prestigious SIGGRAPH conference

Most of the objects we see are colored by pigments, but using pigments has disadvantages: such colors can fade, industrial pigments are often toxic, and...

Im Focus: Unraveling the nature of 'whistlers' from space in the lab

A new study sheds light on how ultralow frequency radio waves and plasmas interact

Scientists at the University of California, Los Angeles present new research on a curious cosmic phenomenon known as "whistlers" -- very low frequency packets...

Im Focus: New interactive machine learning tool makes car designs more aerodynamic

Scientists develop first tool to use machine learning methods to compute flow around interactively designable 3D objects. Tool will be presented at this year’s prestigious SIGGRAPH conference.

When engineers or designers want to test the aerodynamic properties of the newly designed shape of a car, airplane, or other object, they would normally model...

Im Focus: Robots as 'pump attendants': TU Graz develops robot-controlled rapid charging system for e-vehicles

Researchers from TU Graz and their industry partners have unveiled a world first: the prototype of a robot-controlled, high-speed combined charging system (CCS) for electric vehicles that enables series charging of cars in various parking positions.

Global demand for electric vehicles is forecast to rise sharply: by 2025, the number of new vehicle registrations is expected to reach 25 million per year....

Im Focus: The “TRiC” to folding actin

Proteins must be folded correctly to fulfill their molecular functions in cells. Molecular assistants called chaperones help proteins exploit their inbuilt folding potential and reach the correct three-dimensional structure. Researchers at the Max Planck Institute of Biochemistry (MPIB) have demonstrated that actin, the most abundant protein in higher developed cells, does not have the inbuilt potential to fold and instead requires special assistance to fold into its active state. The chaperone TRiC uses a previously undescribed mechanism to perform actin folding. The study was recently published in the journal Cell.

Actin is the most abundant protein in highly developed cells and has diverse functions in processes like cell stabilization, cell division and muscle...

All Focus news of the innovation-report >>>

Anzeige

Anzeige

VideoLinks
Industry & Economy
Event News

LaserForum 2018 deals with 3D production of components

17.08.2018 | Event News

Within reach of the Universe

08.08.2018 | Event News

A journey through the history of microscopy – new exhibition opens at the MDC

27.07.2018 | Event News

 
Latest News

Climate Impact Research in Hannover: Small Plants against Large Waves

17.08.2018 | Life Sciences

LaserForum 2018 deals with 3D production of components

17.08.2018 | Event News

Quantum material is promising 'ion conductor' for research, new technologies

17.08.2018 | Materials Sciences

VideoLinks
Science & Research
Overview of more VideoLinks >>>