For children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), possessing a variant of a gene involved in brain signaling may predict antisocial behavior and increase susceptibility to the effects of lower birth weight, according to a study in the November issue of Archives of General Psychiatry, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.
Biological processes play a key role in the genesis of antisocial behavior with specific evidence of brain involvement and contribution of genetic and early environmental risk factors, including prenatal factors, according to background information in the article. Given the links between deficits in a brain region called the prefrontal cortical and antisocial behavior and between the enzyme catechol O-methyltranferase (COMT) and prefrontal cortical functioning, the authors suggest that a variant of the COMT gene might be associated with antisocial behavior.
Anita Thapar, M.D., of Cardiff University, Cardiff, Wales, and colleagues looked for the presence of a variant in the COMT gene in 240 British children, aged five to 14 years with ADHD or hyperkinetic disorder who are at high risk for early-onset antisocial behavior. The researchers used the childrens birth weight as a marker for prenatal risk to determine the contribution of the environment to risk of developing symptoms of early-onset antisocial behavior.
Anita Thapar, M.D. | EurekAlert!
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On Saturday, 10 November 2018, the research icebreaker Polarstern will leave its homeport of Bremerhaven, bound for Cape Town, South Africa.
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