A Swedish case where a certain type of stem cells has been transplanted to a foetus with a serious disease, was made public today. The results suggest that fetal mesenchymal stem cells may be a valuable source for transplantation and cell therapies.
A female foetus with multiple intrauterine fractures, diagnosed as severe osteogenesis imperfecta, was transplanted with HLA-mismatched mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) in the 32nd week of gestation. At 35 weeks, the baby girl was delivered by caesarean section. At nine months of age patient lymphocyte proliferation against donor MSCs was not observed in co-culture, indicating that the patient was not immunised against the allogeneic cells.
During the first two years of life three fractures were noted and growth followed the same curve. Thus, allogeneic mis-matched MSCs can be safely transplanted in utero to a patient with severe OI, where the cells engraft in bone. MSCs are present in various tissues of fetal and adult origin. Fetal MSCs differentiated into osteogenic, chondrogenic and adipogenic lineages when induced in vitro, which means that they have the capability to mature into bone, cartilage and fat tissue.
Ulla Bredberg-Rådén | alfa
Scientists discover new 'architecture' in corn
21.01.2019 | Louisiana State University
Nuclear actin filaments determine T helper cell function
21.01.2019 | Universitätsklinikum Heidelberg
The scientific and political community alike stress the importance of German Antarctic research
Joint Press Release from the BMBF and AWI
The Antarctic is a frigid continent south of the Antarctic Circle, where researchers are the only inhabitants. Despite the hostile conditions, here the Alfred...
World first experiments on sensor that may revolutionise everything from medical devices to unmanned vehicles
The new sensor - capable of detecting vibrations of living cells - may revolutionise everything from medical devices to unmanned vehicles.
Dead and alive at the same time? Researchers at the Max Planck Institute of Quantum Optics have implemented Erwin Schrödinger’s paradoxical gedanken experiment employing an entangled atom-light state.
In 1935 Erwin Schrödinger formulated a thought experiment designed to capture the paradoxical nature of quantum physics. The crucial element of this gedanken...
Cellulose obtained from wood has amazing material properties. Empa researchers are now equipping the biodegradable material with additional functionalities to produce implants for cartilage diseases using 3D printing.
It all starts with an ear. Empa researcher Michael Hausmann removes the object shaped like a human ear from the 3D printer and explains:
The phenomenon of so-called superlubricity is known, but so far the explanation at the atomic level has been missing: for example, how does extremely low friction occur in bearings? Researchers from the Fraunhofer Institutes IWM and IWS jointly deciphered a universal mechanism of superlubricity for certain diamond-like carbon layers in combination with organic lubricants. Based on this knowledge, it is now possible to formulate design rules for supra lubricating layer-lubricant combinations. The results are presented in an article in Nature Communications, volume 10.
One of the most important prerequisites for sustainable and environmentally friendly mobility is minimizing friction. Research and industry have been dedicated...
16.01.2019 | Event News
14.01.2019 | Event News
12.12.2018 | Event News
21.01.2019 | Life Sciences
21.01.2019 | Physics and Astronomy
21.01.2019 | Life Sciences