Tiny types of soil bugs already make many of the products we use in washing detergents, foods, and waste treatment, but scientists now hope that similar bacteria will also make the vaccines and drugs of the future, according to new research presented today (Tuesday, 07 September 2004) at the Society for General Microbiology’s 155th Meeting at Trinity College Dublin.
Researchers from the Institute of Cell and Molecular Studies at Newcastle University have successfully produced small quantities of a promising new vaccine for anthrax using Bacillus bacteria which have been modified to produce human medicines. “Many people already use enzymes produced by these bacteria to wash their clothes,” says Professor Colin Harwood of Newcastle University. “But the bacteria which make these enzymes, so useful for digesting dirt, have very efficient quality control systems which spot rogue proteins and enzymes and destroy them. This control mechanism stops us using these bacteria to make large quantities of the pure proteins we need for use in vaccines and other medicines.”
The scientists have spent the last ten years, working with a Europe-wide group of 11 research laboratories, discovering how bacteria move enzymes and proteins from inside their cells, where they are made, to the outside world, where they are needed.
Faye Jones | alfa
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Joint Press Release from the BMBF and AWI
The Antarctic is a frigid continent south of the Antarctic Circle, where researchers are the only inhabitants. Despite the hostile conditions, here the Alfred...
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Dead and alive at the same time? Researchers at the Max Planck Institute of Quantum Optics have implemented Erwin Schrödinger’s paradoxical gedanken experiment employing an entangled atom-light state.
In 1935 Erwin Schrödinger formulated a thought experiment designed to capture the paradoxical nature of quantum physics. The crucial element of this gedanken...
Cellulose obtained from wood has amazing material properties. Empa researchers are now equipping the biodegradable material with additional functionalities to produce implants for cartilage diseases using 3D printing.
It all starts with an ear. Empa researcher Michael Hausmann removes the object shaped like a human ear from the 3D printer and explains:
The phenomenon of so-called superlubricity is known, but so far the explanation at the atomic level has been missing: for example, how does extremely low friction occur in bearings? Researchers from the Fraunhofer Institutes IWM and IWS jointly deciphered a universal mechanism of superlubricity for certain diamond-like carbon layers in combination with organic lubricants. Based on this knowledge, it is now possible to formulate design rules for supra lubricating layer-lubricant combinations. The results are presented in an article in Nature Communications, volume 10.
One of the most important prerequisites for sustainable and environmentally friendly mobility is minimizing friction. Research and industry have been dedicated...
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