In an unusual but useful example of cellular flip-flop, a new research study demonstrates that multiple cell types have the ability to temporarily switch into renin-secreting cells when they are needed to stabilize blood pressure. The research, published in the May issue of Developmental Cell, demonstrates that the recruited cells are direct descendants of cells that expressed renin at one time during development.
Renin is a hormone released into the blood by specialized cells in the walls of kidney blood vessels. Renin is released in response to sodium depletion and/or low blood pressure in the blood vessels of the kidneys and it plays a major role in regulating blood pressure generally in the body. Adult mammals can increase circulating renin, when necessary, by increasing the number of renin-synthesizing cells. Dr. R. Ariel Gomez from the University of Virginia and colleagues examined whether the ability of adult cells to synthesize renin was dependent on the cells original lineage. The researchers generated mice with a genetic marker that allowed visualization of renin-expressing cells even after the cell had differentiated into a non-renin-secreting cell type. Experimental manipulations known to recruit renin-expressing cells demonstrated that adult cells that were descendants of renin cells retained the capability to make renin when more of the hormone was required to stabilize blood pressure.
The researchers conclude that specific subpopulations of apparently differentiated cells are "held in reserve" to repeatedly respond by de-differentiating and expressing renin in response to stress and then re-differentiating when the crisis has passed. According to Dr. Gomez, "The experiments confirm that recruitment of renin-expressing cells is determined by the developmental history of the cells, which retain the memory to re-express the renin gene under physiological stress. The mice we have generated should be extremely valuable to delete genes specifically in the renin-expressing cell and therefore determine the precise cellular function of those genes independently of systemic influences."
Heidi Hardman | EurekAlert!
Molecular motors run in unison in a metal-organic framework
20.03.2019 | University of Groningen
Active substance from plant slows down aggressive eye cancer
20.03.2019 | Rheinische Friedrich-Wilhelms-Universität Bonn
Due to the special arrangement of its molecules, a new coating made of corn starch is able to repair small scratches by itself through heat: The cross-linking via ring-shaped molecules makes the material mobile, so that it compensates for the scratches and these disappear again.
Superficial micro-scratches on the car body or on other high-gloss surfaces are harmless, but annoying. Especially in the luxury segment such surfaces are...
The Potsdam Echelle Polarimetric and Spectroscopic Instrument (PEPSI) at the Large Binocular Telescope (LBT) in Arizona released its first image of the surface magnetic field of another star. In a paper in the European journal Astronomy & Astrophysics, the PEPSI team presents a Zeeman- Doppler-Image of the surface of the magnetically active star II Pegasi.
A special technique allows astronomers to resolve the surfaces of faraway stars. Those are otherwise only seen as point sources, even in the largest telescopes...
Researchers at Chalmers University of Technology and the University of Gothenburg, Sweden, have proposed a way to create a completely new source of radiation. Ultra-intense light pulses consist of the motion of a single wave and can be described as a tsunami of light. The strong wave can be used to study interactions between matter and light in a unique way. Their research is now published in the scientific journal Physical Review Letters.
"This source of radiation lets us look at reality through a new angle - it is like twisting a mirror and discovering something completely different," says...
New research group at the University of Jena combines theory and experiment to demonstrate for the first time certain physical processes in a quantum vacuum
For most people, a vacuum is an empty space. Quantum physics, on the other hand, assumes that even in this lowest-energy state, particles and antiparticles...
Physicists in the EPic Lab at University of Sussex make crucial development in global race to develop a portable atomic clock
Scientists in the Emergent Photonics Lab (EPic Lab) at the University of Sussex have made a breakthrough to a crucial element of an atomic clock - devices...
11.03.2019 | Event News
01.03.2019 | Event News
28.02.2019 | Event News
20.03.2019 | Life Sciences
20.03.2019 | Life Sciences
20.03.2019 | Trade Fair News