Forum for Science, Industry and Business

Sponsored by:     3M 
Search our Site:

 

Pioneering discoveries about the brain and immune defense

29.05.2013
It’s true that the brain governs the body, but the body also governs the brain, for example when the immune defense system makes us rest when we’re sick.

This is shown in research that the world’s leading researchers and Nobel laureates will be presenting at an international conference in the research field of psychoneuroimmunology in Stockholm in June.

This is research that, among other things, has led to new knowledge about the development of depression, severe stress accelerating aging, and how anti-depressive drugs largely function as placebos.

Psychoneuroimmunology is a research field that studies the connections between the immune system, the brain, and psychological functions. The research deals with the relationship between physical and mental health, which is investigated via measurable effects in the connection between mental processes and health and between the nervous system and the immune system.

– This is an incredibly exciting research field, and we’re just seeing the beginning of it. The most fascinating discoveries still lie ahead, says Mats Lekander, professor at the Stockholm University Institute for Stress Research and Karolinska Institutet, one of the pioneers in the field.

Groundbreaking discoveries despite new research field
Psychoneuroimmunology is a relatively new research area, about twenty years old, that, together with adjacent research fields, has already produced a number of trailblazing discoveries:
• How the immune system governs the brain during illness.
• A new view of the mechanisms behind depression.
• Severe stress affects and accelerates the body’s aging.
• New knowledge about placebo effects creating new potential for more effective medicines.

• How patients are received by healthcare providers affects the body’s healing processes.

– Psychoneuroimmunology clearly links together subject perceptions with biological observations, for example, how people perceive their health, says Mats Lekander.

International conference with world’s leading researchers and Nobel laureates

On June 6–8 some 250 researchers will gather from all over the world, many of them world leaders in their research areas, in Stockholm to present their latest findings at the 20th PNIRS Scientific Meeting.
The keynote speakers are Dr Bruce Beutler, 2011 Nobel laureate in medicine and Dr Elizabeth Blackburn, 2009 Nobel laureate in medicine, both of whom will present new findings in immunology about how behavior and age affect chromosomes. Among other interesting speakers are James M Kreuger and Andrew H Miller, both from the US, and Fabrizio Benedetti from Italy. Irving Kirsh, author of the book The Emperor’s New Drugs: Exploding the Antidepressant Myth will also speak at the conference.

– It’s wonderful and exciting to arrange this conference in Scandinavia for the first time. A researcher like Elizabeth Blackburn is fascinating because she combines her revolutionary discoveries in biology with insights into how behavior and lifestyle can measurably impact these biological factors. James Krueger has shown how immunological factors regulate sleep, and Fabrizio Benedetti and Manfred Schedlowski have both made important discoveries in understanding the placebo phenomenon. All these researchers combine psychology and biology in order to understand highly subtle processes that have previously only been subject to guessing, says Mats Lekander.

The host of the 20th PNIRS Scientific Meeting is the Stress Research Institute at Stockholm University in collaboration with Karolinska Institutet. PNIRS, the PsychoNeuroImmunological Research Society, is an international association of scientists inpsychoneuroimmunology.

For further information Mats Lekander, professor, Stress Research Institute at Stockholm University and Karolinska Institutet, tel. +46 (0)8–5537 8933, e-mailmats.lekander@stressforskning.su.se

Johan Nilsson, chief information officer, Stress Research Institute at Stockholm University, tel. +46 (0)8–5537 8940, e-mailjohan.nilsson@stressforskning.su.se

Weitere Informationen:

https://www.pnirs.org/meetings/index.cfm
Program of conference
http://www.stressforskning.su.se/pnirspress
More information about speakers and research areas inpsychoneuroimmunology

Johan Nilsson | idw
Further information:
http://www.vr.se

More articles from Life Sciences:

nachricht NYSCF researchers develop novel bioengineering technique for personalized bone grafts
18.07.2018 | New York Stem Cell Foundation

nachricht Pollen taxi for bacteria
18.07.2018 | Technische Universität München

All articles from Life Sciences >>>

The most recent press releases about innovation >>>

Die letzten 5 Focus-News des innovations-reports im Überblick:

Im Focus: First evidence on the source of extragalactic particles

For the first time ever, scientists have determined the cosmic origin of highest-energy neutrinos. A research group led by IceCube scientist Elisa Resconi, spokesperson of the Collaborative Research Center SFB1258 at the Technical University of Munich (TUM), provides an important piece of evidence that the particles detected by the IceCube neutrino telescope at the South Pole originate from a galaxy four billion light-years away from Earth.

To rule out other origins with certainty, the team led by neutrino physicist Elisa Resconi from the Technical University of Munich and multi-wavelength...

Im Focus: Magnetic vortices: Two independent magnetic skyrmion phases discovered in a single material

For the first time a team of researchers have discovered two different phases of magnetic skyrmions in a single material. Physicists of the Technical Universities of Munich and Dresden and the University of Cologne can now better study and understand the properties of these magnetic structures, which are important for both basic research and applications.

Whirlpools are an everyday experience in a bath tub: When the water is drained a circular vortex is formed. Typically, such whirls are rather stable. Similar...

Im Focus: Breaking the bond: To take part or not?

Physicists working with Roland Wester at the University of Innsbruck have investigated if and how chemical reactions can be influenced by targeted vibrational excitation of the reactants. They were able to demonstrate that excitation with a laser beam does not affect the efficiency of a chemical exchange reaction and that the excited molecular group acts only as a spectator in the reaction.

A frequently used reaction in organic chemistry is nucleophilic substitution. It plays, for example, an important role in in the synthesis of new chemical...

Im Focus: New 2D Spectroscopy Methods

Optical spectroscopy allows investigating the energy structure and dynamic properties of complex quantum systems. Researchers from the University of Würzburg present two new approaches of coherent two-dimensional spectroscopy.

"Put an excitation into the system and observe how it evolves." According to physicist Professor Tobias Brixner, this is the credo of optical spectroscopy....

Im Focus: Chemical reactions in the light of ultrashort X-ray pulses from free-electron lasers

Ultra-short, high-intensity X-ray flashes open the door to the foundations of chemical reactions. Free-electron lasers generate these kinds of pulses, but there is a catch: the pulses vary in duration and energy. An international research team has now presented a solution: Using a ring of 16 detectors and a circularly polarized laser beam, they can determine both factors with attosecond accuracy.

Free-electron lasers (FELs) generate extremely short and intense X-ray flashes. Researchers can use these flashes to resolve structures with diameters on the...

All Focus news of the innovation-report >>>

Anzeige

Anzeige

VideoLinks
Industry & Economy
Event News

Leading experts in Diabetes, Metabolism and Biomedical Engineering discuss Precision Medicine

13.07.2018 | Event News

Conference on Laser Polishing – LaP: Fine Tuning for Surfaces

12.07.2018 | Event News

11th European Wood-based Panel Symposium 2018: Meeting point for the wood-based materials industry

03.07.2018 | Event News

 
Latest News

NYSCF researchers develop novel bioengineering technique for personalized bone grafts

18.07.2018 | Life Sciences

Machine-learning predicted a superhard and high-energy-density tungsten nitride

18.07.2018 | Materials Sciences

Why might reading make myopic?

18.07.2018 | Health and Medicine

VideoLinks
Science & Research
Overview of more VideoLinks >>>