How do cells respond to damage and how are disturbances in cellular equilibrium avoided or compensated? These issues are at the heart of a new Collaborative Research Centre funded by the German Research Foundation (DFG) and ready to be launched at Heidelberg University on 1 July 2012.
The CRC 1036 “Cellular Quality Control and Damage Response” is coordinated by Prof. Dr. Bernd Bukau, director of the Center for Molecular Biology of Heidelberg University (ZMBH). In the course of the next four years, this new research venture will receive funding to the tune of over ten million Euros.
The 17 research projects constituting CRC 1036 focus on the molecular mechanisms of cellular quality control. Despite their complexity, biological processes normally function with incredible precision, says Prof. Bukau. Nevertheless, the underlying processes are subject to occasional errors aggravated by external chemical or physical stress factors. In response to these mishaps, the cells of all organisms have developed efficient networks of surveillance systems operating at the levels of macromolecules, cellular compartments, cells and organs. “These networks minimise and reverse damage caused by process deficiencies and defective molecules”, Prof. Bukau adds.
At the levels of the genome, the transcriptome and the proteome, the Heidelberg research groups involved in CRC 1036 intend to investigate how biological surveillance systems avoid errors and damage and how repair systems detect and handle defects. “A comprehensive understanding of these systems will also give us new insights into the genesis of diseases and the course of the cellular aging process”, Prof. Bukau emphasises. The new Collaborative Research Centre assembles Heidelberg University scientists working in biosciences and medicine, as well as researchers from the German Cancer Research Center (DKFZ) and the European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL) in Heidelberg. Prof. Bukau heads a cross-departmental group at the DKFZ and is co-director of the DKFZ-ZMBH Alliance.
At present, Heidelberg University receives funding for eight Collaborative Research Centres. In addition, there are five CRC/Transregio with key Heidelberg participation, four of them with coordinators from the university. Alongside CRC 1036, the German Research Foundation has also approved the establishment of CRC/TRR 125 “Cognition-Guided Surgery” starting up on 1 July 2012. Coordinator is the Heidelberg medical scientist Prof. Dr. Markus W. Büchler.Contact
Climate Impact Research in Hannover: Small Plants against Large Waves
17.08.2018 | Leibniz Universität Hannover
First transcription atlas of all wheat genes expands prospects for research and cultivation
17.08.2018 | Leibniz-Institut für Pflanzengenetik und Kulturpflanzenforschung
New design tool automatically creates nanostructure 3D-print templates for user-given colors
Scientists present work at prestigious SIGGRAPH conference
Most of the objects we see are colored by pigments, but using pigments has disadvantages: such colors can fade, industrial pigments are often toxic, and...
Scientists at the University of California, Los Angeles present new research on a curious cosmic phenomenon known as "whistlers" -- very low frequency packets...
Scientists develop first tool to use machine learning methods to compute flow around interactively designable 3D objects. Tool will be presented at this year’s prestigious SIGGRAPH conference.
When engineers or designers want to test the aerodynamic properties of the newly designed shape of a car, airplane, or other object, they would normally model...
Researchers from TU Graz and their industry partners have unveiled a world first: the prototype of a robot-controlled, high-speed combined charging system (CCS) for electric vehicles that enables series charging of cars in various parking positions.
Global demand for electric vehicles is forecast to rise sharply: by 2025, the number of new vehicle registrations is expected to reach 25 million per year....
Proteins must be folded correctly to fulfill their molecular functions in cells. Molecular assistants called chaperones help proteins exploit their inbuilt folding potential and reach the correct three-dimensional structure. Researchers at the Max Planck Institute of Biochemistry (MPIB) have demonstrated that actin, the most abundant protein in higher developed cells, does not have the inbuilt potential to fold and instead requires special assistance to fold into its active state. The chaperone TRiC uses a previously undescribed mechanism to perform actin folding. The study was recently published in the journal Cell.
Actin is the most abundant protein in highly developed cells and has diverse functions in processes like cell stabilization, cell division and muscle...
17.08.2018 | Event News
08.08.2018 | Event News
27.07.2018 | Event News
17.08.2018 | Physics and Astronomy
17.08.2018 | Information Technology
17.08.2018 | Life Sciences