One of the biggest challenges has been to create multi-layer tissue structures designed to enable the diffusion of nutrients for surrounding cells in a similar manner to natural tissue.
This task is now being tackled by a consortium of 16 European partners from industry and the research community under the leadership of the Fraunhofer Institute for Laser Technology ILT.
On November 23rd and 24th, 2011, Fraunhofer ILT held the kick-off meeting for the project ArtiVasc 3D, which will receive 7.8 million euros of funding from the European Commission under the Seventh Framework Programme. A team of engineers, scientists and medical experts has announced its goal to develop a new process of engineering a vascularized scaffold for artificial tissue, in other words to provide the tissue with a blood supply similar to that of natural arteries. Using current technologies, skin grafts that do not require vascularization cannot be grown beyond a surface area of 1 cm² and a thickness of 1-2 mm. For larger and thicker areas of tissue, vascularization is necessary.
Over the next four years, the consortium will combine different technologies from the fields of additive manufacturing and biofunctionalization to develop a process capable of engineering blood vessels in an artificial scaffold system. These vascularized scaffolds will be populated with autologous cells in order to enable the formation of vascularized fatty tissue and, ultimately, artificial skin. This artificial skin will be used as an in vitro test system – for example to reduce the number of animal experiments – and employed directly in skin grafts.Your contacts at Fraunhofer ILT
Axel Bauer | Fraunhofer-Institut
A human liver cell atlas
15.07.2019 | Max Planck Institute of Immunobiology and Epigenetics
Researchers reveal mechanisms for regulating temperature sensitivity of soil organic matter decompos
15.07.2019 | Chinese Academy of Sciences Headquarters
For some phenomena in quantum many-body physics several competing theories exist. But which of them describes a quantum phenomenon best? A team of researchers from the Technical University of Munich (TUM) and Harvard University in the United States has now successfully deployed artificial neural networks for image analysis of quantum systems.
Is that a dog or a cat? Such a classification is a prime example of machine learning: artificial neural networks can be trained to analyze images by looking...
An international research group led by scientists from the University of Bayreuth has produced a previously unknown material: Rhenium nitride pernitride. Thanks to combining properties that were previously considered incompatible, it looks set to become highly attractive for technological applications. Indeed, it is a super-hard metallic conductor that can withstand extremely high pressures like a diamond. A process now developed in Bayreuth opens up the possibility of producing rhenium nitride pernitride and other technologically interesting materials in sufficiently large quantity for their properties characterisation. The new findings are presented in "Nature Communications".
The possibility of finding a compound that was metallically conductive, super-hard, and ultra-incompressible was long considered unlikely in science. It was...
An interdisciplinary research team at the Technical University of Munich (TUM) has built platinum nanoparticles for catalysis in fuel cells: The new size-optimized catalysts are twice as good as the best process commercially available today.
Fuel cells may well replace batteries as the power source for electric cars. They consume hydrogen, a gas which could be produced for example using surplus...
The fly agaric with its red hat is perhaps the most evocative of the diverse and variously colored mushroom species. Hitherto, the purpose of these colors was...
Physicists at the Max Planck Institute for Nuclear Physics in Heidelberg report the first result of the new Alphatrap experiment. They measured the bound-electron g-factor of highly charged (boron-like) argon ions with unprecedented precision of 9 digits. In comparison with a new highly accurate quantum electrodynamic calculation they found an excellent agreement on a level of 7 digits. This paves the way for sensitive tests of QED in strong fields like precision measurements of the fine structure constant α as well as the detection of possible signatures of new physics. [Physical Review Letters, 27 June 2019]
Quantum electrodynamics (QED) describes the interaction of charged particles with electromagnetic fields and is the most precisely tested physical theory. It...
24.06.2019 | Event News
29.04.2019 | Event News
17.04.2019 | Event News
15.07.2019 | Life Sciences
15.07.2019 | Power and Electrical Engineering
15.07.2019 | Life Sciences