Engineer Pedro Correa, from the UCL Telecommunications and Teledetection Laboratory, told SINC that, together with professor Ferran Marqués's unit at the UPC, they have developed algorithms that tackle the problem of gesture recognition “in the least invasive way possible, since it does not require wearing any special suit or receivers, using a simple video camera to film the body's movement”.
The images filmed identify the person's outline several dozens of times a second, and the data obtained are analyzed by the algorithm invented by the researchers to identify the “crucial points”: head, hands and feet. The “crucial points extraction algorithm” uses the mathematical concept of geodesic distance to calculate the person's extremities, “in other words”, clarifies Correa, “which points are furthest away from the center of gravity, following a path entirely within the outline”.
Once the extremities have been obtained, the outline is analyzed once again to create "morphological skeletons" that help assign a label to each extremity. The five possible labels are head, left hand, right hand, left foot and right foot. Once identified, they are represented with colored dots for tracking in 2 dimensions. This enables the user to analyze the results visually.
To obtain the same information in 3 dimensions, the same steps are taken with an additional camera. This way, the triangulation of the labels extracted in each of the two views makes it possible to obtain the points in a three dimensional space. The front view provides information on the vertical and horizontal positions of the extremities, and the side view provides information on their depth.
The low level of complexity in this system allows it to be applied in real time on any personal computer, with a margin of error of between 4% and 9% in real situations, depending on the context and the quality of the segmentation carried out.
Correa explained that the applications of this technique are “all those that require motion interaction with the computer; that is, from browsing through applications in an operating system (like moving windows and text with hand movements) to interactive aerobic video games, and much more”. The study was also participated in by a Belgian company specializing in real-size video games, which are used, for example, in amusement parks and museums.
SINC Team | alfa
Robots as Tools and Partners in Rehabilitation
17.08.2018 | Albert-Ludwigs-Universität Freiburg im Breisgau
Low bandwidth? Use more colors at once
17.08.2018 | Purdue University
New design tool automatically creates nanostructure 3D-print templates for user-given colors
Scientists present work at prestigious SIGGRAPH conference
Most of the objects we see are colored by pigments, but using pigments has disadvantages: such colors can fade, industrial pigments are often toxic, and...
Scientists at the University of California, Los Angeles present new research on a curious cosmic phenomenon known as "whistlers" -- very low frequency packets...
Scientists develop first tool to use machine learning methods to compute flow around interactively designable 3D objects. Tool will be presented at this year’s prestigious SIGGRAPH conference.
When engineers or designers want to test the aerodynamic properties of the newly designed shape of a car, airplane, or other object, they would normally model...
Researchers from TU Graz and their industry partners have unveiled a world first: the prototype of a robot-controlled, high-speed combined charging system (CCS) for electric vehicles that enables series charging of cars in various parking positions.
Global demand for electric vehicles is forecast to rise sharply: by 2025, the number of new vehicle registrations is expected to reach 25 million per year....
Proteins must be folded correctly to fulfill their molecular functions in cells. Molecular assistants called chaperones help proteins exploit their inbuilt folding potential and reach the correct three-dimensional structure. Researchers at the Max Planck Institute of Biochemistry (MPIB) have demonstrated that actin, the most abundant protein in higher developed cells, does not have the inbuilt potential to fold and instead requires special assistance to fold into its active state. The chaperone TRiC uses a previously undescribed mechanism to perform actin folding. The study was recently published in the journal Cell.
Actin is the most abundant protein in highly developed cells and has diverse functions in processes like cell stabilization, cell division and muscle...
17.08.2018 | Event News
08.08.2018 | Event News
27.07.2018 | Event News
17.08.2018 | Physics and Astronomy
17.08.2018 | Information Technology
17.08.2018 | Life Sciences