Forum for Science, Industry and Business

Sponsored by:     3M 
Search our Site:

 

Five Spanish universities develop a multidisciplinary e-participation project

25.03.2008
The Validation and Business Applications Group (VAI), based at the Universidad Politécnica de Madrid (FIUPM) and led by Jesús Cardeñosa, this week joined the multidisciplinary E-participation, Security and Knowledge Democratization project, together with another four Spanish universities.

The project is the result of six years of research in the fields of electronic government, e-democracy and e-cognocracy by the Zaragoza Multicriteria Decision Making Group, GDMZ, based at the Universidad de Zaragoza. A total of 29 professors from 12 different research groups and 10 areas of expertise are participating in the project led by Prof. José María Moreno Jiménez.

This research project has set up an experiment that aims to thoroughly examine the mechanisms referred to as electronic democracy, meaning Internet-mediated democracy and social networking and the social uses of information technologies.

Specifically, the project aims to implement an intelligent system that will be able to identify the opinions of university students from the remarks they make about Gran Scala being sited in Los Monegros, Aragon.

Gran Escala under the microscope

The experiment bears the same name as the private initiative promoted primarily by US casinos: Gran Scala. Through the experiment, the team of researchers aims to elicit the opinion of Multicriteria Decision and Operational Research students at the Universidad de Zaragoza’s School of Economics about the immense tourism project being sited in the district of Los Monegros.

Gran Scala will be the biggest ever European leisure complex. The figures are astronomical: 17,000 million euros in investment, and 1,000 million in State and 677 million in Aragon Regional Government revenues through taxation. Gran Scala is expected to receive 25 million visitors per year, create 65,000 direct and indirect jobs at its 70 hotels, 32 casinos, five theme parks, museums, golf courses and racetracks. The new space would be equivalent to a town with a population of 100,000.

Opinion over the Internet

To find out what students think about this project, the GMDZ set up a website, only accessible by administrators and the student sample selected to give their opinion. This is the basis of the experiment.

Through the website students can express their opinion about the pros and cons of the Gran Scala project, as well as vote on four fields: benefits (short-term benefits), costs (short-term negative effects), opportunities (long-term benefits) and risks (long-term negative effects).

The system uses the votes to build a group representation. Administrators will examine this representation to get a detailed picture of the mood of university students’ opinion about the Gran Scala project.

Intelligent system

As the FIUPM explains in a press release, VAI is participating in the experiment to develop an intelligent system that can be used to identify the arguments supporting the decisions made from student remarks. The elicitation and dissemination of such knowledge is one of the key aspects of the model of citizen representation known as e-cognocracy.

VAI will use text data mining techniques and domain analysis to analyse the remarks made, extract possible patterns and determine whether it is possible to establish opinion registers similar to the groups of votes from the earlier phase. Also it will ascertain whether the opinions match the votes placed.

Text mining is the “set of techniques aimed at detecting, identifying and, possibly, extracting implicit information from a collection of documents”. Domain analysis is a set of methodologies used to delineate the structure of relationships in a particular discipline. Both techniques are applied by experts.

The goal of the intelligent system that the VAI is to apply is to analyse opinions, detect any opinion groups and, provided enough matches have been extracted from the remarks analysis, verify whether they match the group of votes.

A trial application for electoral processes

If this application proves to be valid, the intelligent system could later compare opinions and votes placed earlier by students and determine the reasons that have led to a possible change of vote.

This is an extremely important experiment because it tests a potential electronic democracy application that could be extended to more important public matters. Linked to a voter analysis and behaviour model, the opinion checking and vote expression model, if successful, will be very useful for electoral processes.

Eduardo Martínez | alfa
Further information:
http://www.fi.upm.es/?pagina=621&idioma=english
http://gdmz.unizar.es/
http://www.vai.dia.fi.upm.es/ing/menu.htm

More articles from Information Technology:

nachricht Reversing cause and effect is no trouble for quantum computers
20.07.2018 | Centre for Quantum Technologies at the National University of Singapore

nachricht Study suggests buried Internet infrastructure at risk as sea levels rise
18.07.2018 | University of Wisconsin-Madison

All articles from Information Technology >>>

The most recent press releases about innovation >>>

Die letzten 5 Focus-News des innovations-reports im Überblick:

Im Focus: Future electronic components to be printed like newspapers

A new manufacturing technique uses a process similar to newspaper printing to form smoother and more flexible metals for making ultrafast electronic devices.

The low-cost process, developed by Purdue University researchers, combines tools already used in industry for manufacturing metals on a large scale, but uses...

Im Focus: First evidence on the source of extragalactic particles

For the first time ever, scientists have determined the cosmic origin of highest-energy neutrinos. A research group led by IceCube scientist Elisa Resconi, spokesperson of the Collaborative Research Center SFB1258 at the Technical University of Munich (TUM), provides an important piece of evidence that the particles detected by the IceCube neutrino telescope at the South Pole originate from a galaxy four billion light-years away from Earth.

To rule out other origins with certainty, the team led by neutrino physicist Elisa Resconi from the Technical University of Munich and multi-wavelength...

Im Focus: Magnetic vortices: Two independent magnetic skyrmion phases discovered in a single material

For the first time a team of researchers have discovered two different phases of magnetic skyrmions in a single material. Physicists of the Technical Universities of Munich and Dresden and the University of Cologne can now better study and understand the properties of these magnetic structures, which are important for both basic research and applications.

Whirlpools are an everyday experience in a bath tub: When the water is drained a circular vortex is formed. Typically, such whirls are rather stable. Similar...

Im Focus: Breaking the bond: To take part or not?

Physicists working with Roland Wester at the University of Innsbruck have investigated if and how chemical reactions can be influenced by targeted vibrational excitation of the reactants. They were able to demonstrate that excitation with a laser beam does not affect the efficiency of a chemical exchange reaction and that the excited molecular group acts only as a spectator in the reaction.

A frequently used reaction in organic chemistry is nucleophilic substitution. It plays, for example, an important role in in the synthesis of new chemical...

Im Focus: New 2D Spectroscopy Methods

Optical spectroscopy allows investigating the energy structure and dynamic properties of complex quantum systems. Researchers from the University of Würzburg present two new approaches of coherent two-dimensional spectroscopy.

"Put an excitation into the system and observe how it evolves." According to physicist Professor Tobias Brixner, this is the credo of optical spectroscopy....

All Focus news of the innovation-report >>>

Anzeige

Anzeige

VideoLinks
Industry & Economy
Event News

Leading experts in Diabetes, Metabolism and Biomedical Engineering discuss Precision Medicine

13.07.2018 | Event News

Conference on Laser Polishing – LaP: Fine Tuning for Surfaces

12.07.2018 | Event News

11th European Wood-based Panel Symposium 2018: Meeting point for the wood-based materials industry

03.07.2018 | Event News

 
Latest News

Enabling technology in cell-based therapies: Scale-up, scale-out or program in-place

23.07.2018 | Health and Medicine

Abrupt cloud clearing events over southeast Atlantic Ocean are new piece in climate puzzle

23.07.2018 | Earth Sciences

The Maturation Pattern of the Hippocampus Drives Human Memory Deve

23.07.2018 | Science Education

VideoLinks
Science & Research
Overview of more VideoLinks >>>