Forum for Science, Industry and Business

Sponsored by:     3M 
Search our Site:

 

Booster for Next-Generation Supercomputers

15.11.2011
Kick-off for the European exascale project DEEP

Today supercomputers are an indispensable tool in almost all fields of research. However, present concepts cannot be extended indefinitely without causing an unreasonable increase in effort and costs. For this reason, scientists plan to develop a new platform for next-generation supercomputers as part of the EU DEEP project (Dynamical ExaScale Entry Platform), with applications for brain research, climatology and seismology, to name but a few.

The project will be launched this December and showcased at the world’s most important supercomputing conference, the SC’11 in Seattle, on 17 November 2011.

Even today scientists already need gigantic computing capacity in order to model biological organs and to develop ever more multifaceted models of climate or the universe or complex building blocks of matter.

To ensure that European research continues to have access to the necessary resources for high-performance computing (HPC) in future, Forschungszentrum Jülich is planning to enter the exaflop/s age by 2020 with the DEEP project – together with Intel, ParTec and 12 other European partners from 8 countries. An exaflop/s computer of this type, performing a quintillion (1018) calculations per second, would be a thousand times faster than today’s supercomputers. The scientists expect a first prototype as early as 2014/2015 that will have a capacity of 100 petaflop/s, around one hundred times faster than today’s petaflop/s computers, such as Jülich’s Petaflop computer JUGENE.

With the exaflop/s class, scientists will be able to tackle challenges which still seem unrealistic today, such as detailed simulation of the human brain. However, increases in performance on this scale can only be achieved by parallel computing employing millions of processors. Using today’s technology, this would mean that energy costs would become prohibitive. In order to pave the way for a viable exascale computer, researchers in the DEEP project, funded with € 8 million by the European Commission, will be optimizing the networking of different hardware components and integrating new energy-saving cooling systems.

Scientists at Jülich have designed a new type of “cluster booster architecture” for DEEP. One important element is the processors that are still under development and are specially designed for parallel computing, the Intel® Many Integrated Core Architecture, with 50 plus cores on a single chip. Each of these 512 MIC processors will be linked to a booster that accelerates the entire system via a high-speed network called Extoll developed by the University of Heidelberg. “Working closely with Intel helps us to accelerate the development of cluster architectures for the exascale and to address the hardware and software challenges of building, programming and operating such systems”, explains Prof. Thomas Lippert, head of the Jülich Supercomputing Centre.

The new approach takes into account the fact that large-scale, future simulations will consist of multiple and very diverse tasks with complicated communication patterns between the processors. The underlying idea: the complex components of a program are executed on the “core” of the parallel computer, a cluster with Intel Xeon server processors. In contrast, simple, highly parallel program components that do not rely on such CPUs will be offloaded to the booster modules which, thanks to their large number of more simply structured computer cores, are able to perform the calculations for tasks of this kind with far greater energy efficiency.

“The close collaboration between Intel, Europe's largest scientific computer centre in Jülich and the leading cluster software vendor ParTec presents a unique opportunity to accelerate the evolution of cluster HPC platforms. Work on the novel DEEP architecture will be a key component in the understanding and development of future exascale systems, middleware and applications”, explains Stephen Pawlowski, Intel Senior Fellow and General Manager, Datacenter and Connected Systems Pathfinding.

Hugo R. Falter, Chief Operating Officer at ParTec, reports: “I am glad that the ParaStation Cluster Operating System can contribute to the success of this visionary project.” Based on an expanded version of this cluster operating system, an entire software environment for the new hardware architecture will be created with DEEP. As part of the project, in addition to tools for application developers, application software for brain research, climatology, seismology, high-temperature superconductivity and computational fluid engineering will also be transferred to the platform.

Forschungszentrum Jülich, Intel and ParTec have collaborated closely since 2010 in the Exacluster Laboratory at Jülich on developing novel system architectures and software tools for cluster computers. The main focus is on the scalability of hardware and software up to the exascale class and on ensuring the reliability of these systems. The DEEP project was initiated under the auspices of the ExaCluster Laboratory.

Further information:
SC’11 - International Conference for High Performance Computing, Networking, Storage and Analysis:

http://www.sc11.supercomputing.org/

Research at Jülich Supercomputing Centre (JSC):
http://www.fz-juelich.de/ias/jsc/EN/Home/home_node.html
Projektpartner:
Forschungszentrum Jülich (DE): http://www.fz-juelich.de
Intel GmbH (DE): http://www.intel.de
ParTec Cluster Competence Center GmbH (DE): http://www.par-tec.com/
Leibniz-Rechenzentrum der Bayrischen Akademie der Wissenschaften (DE): http://www.lrz.de/
Universität Heidelberg (DE): http://www.uni-heidelberg.de
German Research School for Simulation Sciences (DE): http://www.grs-sim.de
Eurotech (IT): http://www.eurotech.com
Barcelona Supercomputing Center (ES): http://www.bsc.es
Mellanox (IL): http://www.mellanox.com/
École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne (CH): http://www.epfl.ch
Katholieke Universiteit Leuven (BE): http://www.kuleuven.be
European Centre for Research and Advanced Training in Scientific Computation (FR): http://www.cerfacs.fr
Cyprus Institute (CY): http://www.cyi.ac.cy
Universität Regensburg (DE): http://www.uni-regensburg.de
CINECA (IT): http://www.cineca.it
CCGVeritas (FR): http://www.cggveritas.com
Contact:
Wolfgang Gürich
+49 2461 61-6540
w.guerich@fz-juelich.de
Press Contact:
Tobias Schlößer
+49 2461 61-4771
t.schloesser@fz-juelich.de
Forschungszentrum Jülich…
pursues cutting-edge interdisciplinary research addressing pressing issues facing society today while at the same time developing key technologies for tomorrow. Research focuses on the areas of health, energy and environment, and information technology. The cooperation of the researchers at Jülich is characterized by outstanding expertise and infrastructure in physics, materials science, nanotechnology, and supercomputing. With a staff of about 4,700, Jülich – a member of the Helmholtz Association – is one of the largest research centres in Europe.

Annette Stettien | Forschungszentrum Jülich
Further information:
http://www.fz-juelich.de

More articles from Information Technology:

nachricht New Foldable Drone Flies through Narrow Holes in Rescue Missions
12.12.2018 | Universität Zürich

nachricht NIST's antenna evaluation method could help boost 5G network capacity and cut costs
11.12.2018 | National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST)

All articles from Information Technology >>>

The most recent press releases about innovation >>>

Die letzten 5 Focus-News des innovations-reports im Überblick:

Im Focus: Data use draining your battery? Tiny device to speed up memory while also saving power

The more objects we make "smart," from watches to entire buildings, the greater the need for these devices to store and retrieve massive amounts of data quickly without consuming too much power.

Millions of new memory cells could be part of a computer chip and provide that speed and energy savings, thanks to the discovery of a previously unobserved...

Im Focus: An energy-efficient way to stay warm: Sew high-tech heating patches to your clothes

Personal patches could reduce energy waste in buildings, Rutgers-led study says

What if, instead of turning up the thermostat, you could warm up with high-tech, flexible patches sewn into your clothes - while significantly reducing your...

Im Focus: Lethal combination: Drug cocktail turns off the juice to cancer cells

A widely used diabetes medication combined with an antihypertensive drug specifically inhibits tumor growth – this was discovered by researchers from the University of Basel’s Biozentrum two years ago. In a follow-up study, recently published in “Cell Reports”, the scientists report that this drug cocktail induces cancer cell death by switching off their energy supply.

The widely used anti-diabetes drug metformin not only reduces blood sugar but also has an anti-cancer effect. However, the metformin dose commonly used in the...

Im Focus: New Foldable Drone Flies through Narrow Holes in Rescue Missions

A research team from the University of Zurich has developed a new drone that can retract its propeller arms in flight and make itself small to fit through narrow gaps and holes. This is particularly useful when searching for victims of natural disasters.

Inspecting a damaged building after an earthquake or during a fire is exactly the kind of job that human rescuers would like drones to do for them. A flying...

Im Focus: Topological material switched off and on for the first time

Key advance for future topological transistors

Over the last decade, there has been much excitement about the discovery, recognised by the Nobel Prize in Physics only two years ago, that there are two types...

All Focus news of the innovation-report >>>

Anzeige

Anzeige

VideoLinks
Industry & Economy
Event News

ICTM Conference 2019: Digitization emerges as an engineering trend for turbomachinery construction

12.12.2018 | Event News

New Plastics Economy Investor Forum - Meeting Point for Innovations

10.12.2018 | Event News

EGU 2019 meeting: Media registration now open

06.12.2018 | Event News

 
Latest News

Data use draining your battery? Tiny device to speed up memory while also saving power

14.12.2018 | Power and Electrical Engineering

Tangled magnetic fields power cosmic particle accelerators

14.12.2018 | Physics and Astronomy

In search of missing worlds, Hubble finds a fast evaporating exoplanet

14.12.2018 | Physics and Astronomy

VideoLinks
Science & Research
Overview of more VideoLinks >>>