The persistence with which outstanding researchers defend their interpretation of measurement results against the prevailing opinion has often contributed to scientific progress. Dan Shechtman, 2011 Nobel Laureate in Chemistry, is a good example here. He defended his discovery of quasi-periodic crystals for more than ten years before it was recognised.
Only when they succeeded in producing larger quantities of quasi-crystals and confirming their pattern by X-ray diffraction were Dan Shechtman and his colleagues able to convince the International Union of Crystallography of the existence of quasi-crystals – ten years after their discovery. And the definition of crystals was altered. Today, owing to their brittle and hard properties, the quasi-crystals are already being used in the production of particularly hard steels, for example.
In his talk “Lost in Translation” at the 62nd Lindau Nobel Laureate Meeting, Sir Harold Kroto will discuss the necessity of communicating scientific language and content. Recognized as an inspiring science communicator, he has long been a champion of communicating science more strongly via the Internet with such projects as Vega and Geoset.Communicating scientific content and debates is also a crucial concern of the Lindau Meetings. Their online platform is the Lindau Mediatheque. It comprises audio recordings and videos of the talks of Nobel Laureates from the more than 60 years of history of the Lindau Meetings. With supplementary background information, photos, links to related contents and didactically edited “mini lectures”, the Lindau Mediatheque is a unique resource for researchers, those interested in science, journalists and teachers alike.
- Douglas Osheroff was awarded the Nobel Prize for Physics in 1996 together with David M. Lee and Robert C. Richardson “for the discovery of superfluidity in Helium 3”.
- Sir Harold Kroto was awarded the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1996 together with Robert F. Curl Jr. and Richard E. Smalley “for the discovery of fullerenes”
Jan Keese | idw
First International Conference on Agrophotovoltaics in August 2020
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Conventional light microscopes cannot distinguish structures when they are separated by a distance smaller than, roughly, the wavelength of light. Superresolution microscopy, developed since the 1980s, lifts this limitation, using fluorescent moieties. Scientists at the Max Planck Institute for Polymer Research have now discovered that graphene nano-molecules can be used to improve this microscopy technique. These graphene nano-molecules offer a number of substantial advantages over the materials previously used, making superresolution microscopy even more versatile.
Microscopy is an important investigation method, in physics, biology, medicine, and many other sciences. However, it has one disadvantage: its resolution is...
Nanooptical traps are a promising building block for quantum technologies. Austrian and German scientists have now removed an important obstacle to their practical use. They were able to show that a special form of mechanical vibration heats trapped particles in a very short time and knocks them out of the trap.
By controlling individual atoms, quantum properties can be investigated and made usable for technological applications. For about ten years, physicists have...
An international team of scientists, including three researchers from New Jersey Institute of Technology (NJIT), has shed new light on one of the central mysteries of solar physics: how energy from the Sun is transferred to the star's upper atmosphere, heating it to 1 million degrees Fahrenheit and higher in some regions, temperatures that are vastly hotter than the Sun's surface.
With new images from NJIT's Big Bear Solar Observatory (BBSO), the researchers have revealed in groundbreaking, granular detail what appears to be a likely...
The Fraunhofer Institute for Manufacturing Technology and Advanced Materials IFAM in Dresden has succeeded in using Selective Electron Beam Melting (SEBM) to...
Carbon nanotubes (CNTs) are valuable for a wide variety of applications. Made of graphene sheets rolled into tubes 10,000 times smaller than a human hair, CNTs have an exceptional strength-to-mass ratio and excellent thermal and electrical properties. These features make them ideal for a range of applications, including supercapacitors, interconnects, adhesives, particle trapping and structural color.
New research reveals even more potential for CNTs: as a coating, they can both repel and hold water in place, a useful property for applications like printing,...
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