The persistence with which outstanding researchers defend their interpretation of measurement results against the prevailing opinion has often contributed to scientific progress. Dan Shechtman, 2011 Nobel Laureate in Chemistry, is a good example here. He defended his discovery of quasi-periodic crystals for more than ten years before it was recognised.
Only when they succeeded in producing larger quantities of quasi-crystals and confirming their pattern by X-ray diffraction were Dan Shechtman and his colleagues able to convince the International Union of Crystallography of the existence of quasi-crystals – ten years after their discovery. And the definition of crystals was altered. Today, owing to their brittle and hard properties, the quasi-crystals are already being used in the production of particularly hard steels, for example.
In his talk “Lost in Translation” at the 62nd Lindau Nobel Laureate Meeting, Sir Harold Kroto will discuss the necessity of communicating scientific language and content. Recognized as an inspiring science communicator, he has long been a champion of communicating science more strongly via the Internet with such projects as Vega and Geoset.Communicating scientific content and debates is also a crucial concern of the Lindau Meetings. Their online platform is the Lindau Mediatheque. It comprises audio recordings and videos of the talks of Nobel Laureates from the more than 60 years of history of the Lindau Meetings. With supplementary background information, photos, links to related contents and didactically edited “mini lectures”, the Lindau Mediatheque is a unique resource for researchers, those interested in science, journalists and teachers alike.
- Douglas Osheroff was awarded the Nobel Prize for Physics in 1996 together with David M. Lee and Robert C. Richardson “for the discovery of superfluidity in Helium 3”.
- Sir Harold Kroto was awarded the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1996 together with Robert F. Curl Jr. and Richard E. Smalley “for the discovery of fullerenes”
Jan Keese | idw
Within reach of the Universe
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The quality of materials often depends on the manufacturing process. In casting and welding, for example, the rate at which melts solidify and the resulting microstructure of the alloy is important. With metallic foams as well, it depends on exactly how the foaming process takes place. To understand these processes fully requires fast sensing capability. The fastest 3D tomographic images to date have now been achieved at the BESSY II X-ray source operated by the Helmholtz-Zentrum Berlin.
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