This is all the more remarkable in view of the economic restrictions to which the related industries might be exposed currently.
A particular focus is put on wrought Magnesium alloys that will be of increased significance in future developments. Further strategic challenges for the extended use of magnesium materials refer to their corrosion behaviour and hence the development of reliable surface coatings.
Limiting the emission of green house gases as well as the reduction of fuel consumption are urgent topics that need to be solved in the near future especially in transportation industries. Besides more efficient processes and smart design, the use of light weight materials is one way to address these problems. Despite the fact that there is always a competition among various material groups such as light metals, steels and polymers for a use in relevant light-weight structures depending on economical aspects, materials and component requirements, magnesium alloys still offer a promising potential. With regard to their intrinsic characteristics like low density, promising mechanical properties and their high recyclability, magnesium alloys found more implementations in relevant applications. A further increase in its use is expected.
For more than fifteen years increasing activities in research and applications have been observed all over the world. This led to the development of new alloys and their use in interior, structure and the power train of automobiles. Moreover, magnesium wrought alloys are finding more applications in 3C industries. New alloys and optimised processes are also creating new ideas and stimulating competition for advanced developments to substitute traditional materials. The implementation of new cast alloys and the increased use of wrought alloys are clear indications for the sustainable research and development of the past. Nevertheless, high pressure die casting is still the predominant technology to manufacture components. In recent years, the interest in advanced casting processes using semi solid technologies like thixomolding and rheo-casting has increased. New available equipment opens a broader use of this technology promising improved mechanical properties of magnesium cast products. The use of wrought alloys is still limited due to a lack of knowledge on the improvement of the property profile of wrought alloys.
Still there is a limitation of the availability of economical processes and alloys for the universal use for extrusions, sheets and forgings. But with regard to new developments in alloys and processes like continuous casting and strip or twin-roller casting new opportunities for the enhanced use of wrought alloys will open. In addition solutions to improve the corrosion behaviour and surface properties of magnesium alloys were found.
The optimisation of the primary magnesium production and development of secondary recycling alloys will lead to a sustainable growth in magnesium use in respect to issues of the life cycle assessment of magnesium materials.
Petra von der Bey | idw
Leading experts in Diabetes, Metabolism and Biomedical Engineering discuss Precision Medicine
13.07.2018 | Helmholtz Zentrum München - Deutsches Forschungszentrum für Gesundheit und Umwelt
Conference on Laser Polishing – LaP: Fine Tuning for Surfaces
12.07.2018 | Fraunhofer-Institut für Lasertechnik ILT
For the first time ever, scientists have determined the cosmic origin of highest-energy neutrinos. A research group led by IceCube scientist Elisa Resconi, spokesperson of the Collaborative Research Center SFB1258 at the Technical University of Munich (TUM), provides an important piece of evidence that the particles detected by the IceCube neutrino telescope at the South Pole originate from a galaxy four billion light-years away from Earth.
To rule out other origins with certainty, the team led by neutrino physicist Elisa Resconi from the Technical University of Munich and multi-wavelength...
For the first time a team of researchers have discovered two different phases of magnetic skyrmions in a single material. Physicists of the Technical Universities of Munich and Dresden and the University of Cologne can now better study and understand the properties of these magnetic structures, which are important for both basic research and applications.
Whirlpools are an everyday experience in a bath tub: When the water is drained a circular vortex is formed. Typically, such whirls are rather stable. Similar...
Physicists working with Roland Wester at the University of Innsbruck have investigated if and how chemical reactions can be influenced by targeted vibrational excitation of the reactants. They were able to demonstrate that excitation with a laser beam does not affect the efficiency of a chemical exchange reaction and that the excited molecular group acts only as a spectator in the reaction.
A frequently used reaction in organic chemistry is nucleophilic substitution. It plays, for example, an important role in in the synthesis of new chemical...
Optical spectroscopy allows investigating the energy structure and dynamic properties of complex quantum systems. Researchers from the University of Würzburg present two new approaches of coherent two-dimensional spectroscopy.
"Put an excitation into the system and observe how it evolves." According to physicist Professor Tobias Brixner, this is the credo of optical spectroscopy....
Ultra-short, high-intensity X-ray flashes open the door to the foundations of chemical reactions. Free-electron lasers generate these kinds of pulses, but there is a catch: the pulses vary in duration and energy. An international research team has now presented a solution: Using a ring of 16 detectors and a circularly polarized laser beam, they can determine both factors with attosecond accuracy.
Free-electron lasers (FELs) generate extremely short and intense X-ray flashes. Researchers can use these flashes to resolve structures with diameters on the...
13.07.2018 | Event News
12.07.2018 | Event News
03.07.2018 | Event News
17.07.2018 | Information Technology
17.07.2018 | Materials Sciences
17.07.2018 | Power and Electrical Engineering