Forum for Science, Industry and Business

Sponsored by:     3M 
Search our Site:

 

A new research issue: water resources

06.12.2006
CIRAD is one of the scientific partners in the SIRMA (Systèmes irrigués au Maghreb) project to be headed in France until 2009 by the French Foreign Ministry and the Association française pour l'étude des irrigations et du drainage (AFEID).

It is closely linked to the European WADEMED project, a knowledge base on water demand management in the Maghreb that set out to develop integrated tools for managing water savings, and to facilitate dialogue between the various stakeholders, in terms of both production and promotion of resources in the Mediterranean Basin and revenue redistribution.

Under the WADEMED project, a seminar co-organized by CEMAGREF, CIRAD and the Ecole Nationale d'Agriculture in Meknes, in conjunction with the Lot Chamber of Agriculture, was held in Cahors (Lot) in November. It enabled an analysis, from one shore of the Mediterranean to the other, of current changes in irrigated agriculture, how agricultural professionals are coping with those changes, and the degree of State support. Plans were also made for twinning operations and exchanges between irrigation structures and cooperatives in Lot and in Morocco.

As Jean-Yves Jamin, Head of the CIRAD Water Management Research Unit, explains, "in France, Africa and Asia, we are facing the same difficulties managing water distribution between agricultural and urban areas". He adds "We have to cope with drought, water salinity, disputes between users, and State withdrawal. Field research needs to combine hydraulics, agronomy and sociology".

New water use practices are emerging in Mediterranean countries, notably the development of underground water drawing systems. Marcel Kuper and Nicolas Faysse, CIRAD researchers on postings in Morocco, and Serge Marlet in Tunisia, are working both to reduce water table salinity and to foster talks between farmers, professional organizations and the authorities. To optimize the future of family agriculture, new agricultural policies need to be drawn up for irrigation schemes.

Helen Burford | alfa
Further information:
http://www.cirad.fr/en/presse/communique.php?id=236

More articles from Ecology, The Environment and Conservation:

nachricht Waste in the water – New purification techniques for healthier aquatic ecosystems
24.07.2018 | Eberhard Karls Universität Tübingen

nachricht Plenty of habitat for bears in Europe
24.07.2018 | Deutsches Zentrum für integrative Biodiversitätsforschung (iDiv) Halle-Jena-Leipzig

All articles from Ecology, The Environment and Conservation >>>

The most recent press releases about innovation >>>

Die letzten 5 Focus-News des innovations-reports im Überblick:

Im Focus: It’s All in the Mix: Jülich Researchers are Developing Fast-Charging Solid-State Batteries

There are currently great hopes for solid-state batteries. They contain no liquid parts that could leak or catch fire. For this reason, they do not require cooling and are considered to be much safer, more reliable, and longer lasting than traditional lithium-ion batteries. Jülich scientists have now introduced a new concept that allows currents up to ten times greater during charging and discharging than previously described in the literature. The improvement was achieved by a “clever” choice of materials with a focus on consistently good compatibility. All components were made from phosphate compounds, which are well matched both chemically and mechanically.

The low current is considered one of the biggest hurdles in the development of solid-state batteries. It is the reason why the batteries take a relatively long...

Im Focus: Color effects from transparent 3D-printed nanostructures

New design tool automatically creates nanostructure 3D-print templates for user-given colors
Scientists present work at prestigious SIGGRAPH conference

Most of the objects we see are colored by pigments, but using pigments has disadvantages: such colors can fade, industrial pigments are often toxic, and...

Im Focus: Unraveling the nature of 'whistlers' from space in the lab

A new study sheds light on how ultralow frequency radio waves and plasmas interact

Scientists at the University of California, Los Angeles present new research on a curious cosmic phenomenon known as "whistlers" -- very low frequency packets...

Im Focus: New interactive machine learning tool makes car designs more aerodynamic

Scientists develop first tool to use machine learning methods to compute flow around interactively designable 3D objects. Tool will be presented at this year’s prestigious SIGGRAPH conference.

When engineers or designers want to test the aerodynamic properties of the newly designed shape of a car, airplane, or other object, they would normally model...

Im Focus: Robots as 'pump attendants': TU Graz develops robot-controlled rapid charging system for e-vehicles

Researchers from TU Graz and their industry partners have unveiled a world first: the prototype of a robot-controlled, high-speed combined charging system (CCS) for electric vehicles that enables series charging of cars in various parking positions.

Global demand for electric vehicles is forecast to rise sharply: by 2025, the number of new vehicle registrations is expected to reach 25 million per year....

All Focus news of the innovation-report >>>

Anzeige

Anzeige

VideoLinks
Industry & Economy
Event News

LaserForum 2018 deals with 3D production of components

17.08.2018 | Event News

Within reach of the Universe

08.08.2018 | Event News

A journey through the history of microscopy – new exhibition opens at the MDC

27.07.2018 | Event News

 
Latest News

Quantum bugs, meet your new swatter

20.08.2018 | Information Technology

A novel synthetic antibody enables conditional “protein knockdown” in vertebrates

20.08.2018 | Life Sciences

Metamolds: Molding a mold

20.08.2018 | Information Technology

VideoLinks
Science & Research
Overview of more VideoLinks >>>