A total of 882 Baltic Sea research projects were carried out in 2004 in the countries surrounding the Baltic Sea. A majority (71 %) of the projects were national, 25 % were multinational EU projects and 3 % Nordic cooperation projects. This was reported in the BONUS Publication Nr. 3 Baltic Sea Research and R&D Funding in 2004, published at the beginning of November.
Baltic Sea research is carried out in all countries surrounding the Sea in several research programmes, in dozens of research institutes and universities, in hundreds of projects and by thousands of scientists. The spectrum of different forms of Baltic Sea R&D funding is broad. The funding allocated by national sources, the EU and the Nordic Council of Ministers for Baltic Sea research in 2004 totalled 52 million euros.
The publication shows that all environmental issues are funded and intensively studied in the coastal countries. Most of the research funds, approx. 10 million euros, were used for studies supporting the sustainable use of the living resources of the Baltic Sea, i.e. fish biology and fisheries. Eutrophication and biodiversity were studied with some eight million euros each. Other thematic fields studied were climate change, contaminants, loading and coastal problems. The influence of the EU Water Framework Directive has triggered research aiming at the typological classification of the Baltic Sea ecosystem. The strategic goal of the European Research Area is reflected as networking activities in various fields of research. There was also considerable funding, amounting to 8.3 million euros, allocated for projects which could not be linked to any environmental issue, i.e. for basic research.
Terhi Loukiainen | alfa
Waste in the water – New purification techniques for healthier aquatic ecosystems
24.07.2018 | Eberhard Karls Universität Tübingen
Plenty of habitat for bears in Europe
24.07.2018 | Deutsches Zentrum für integrative Biodiversitätsforschung (iDiv) Halle-Jena-Leipzig
There are currently great hopes for solid-state batteries. They contain no liquid parts that could leak or catch fire. For this reason, they do not require cooling and are considered to be much safer, more reliable, and longer lasting than traditional lithium-ion batteries. Jülich scientists have now introduced a new concept that allows currents up to ten times greater during charging and discharging than previously described in the literature. The improvement was achieved by a “clever” choice of materials with a focus on consistently good compatibility. All components were made from phosphate compounds, which are well matched both chemically and mechanically.
The low current is considered one of the biggest hurdles in the development of solid-state batteries. It is the reason why the batteries take a relatively long...
New design tool automatically creates nanostructure 3D-print templates for user-given colors
Scientists present work at prestigious SIGGRAPH conference
Most of the objects we see are colored by pigments, but using pigments has disadvantages: such colors can fade, industrial pigments are often toxic, and...
Scientists at the University of California, Los Angeles present new research on a curious cosmic phenomenon known as "whistlers" -- very low frequency packets...
Scientists develop first tool to use machine learning methods to compute flow around interactively designable 3D objects. Tool will be presented at this year’s prestigious SIGGRAPH conference.
When engineers or designers want to test the aerodynamic properties of the newly designed shape of a car, airplane, or other object, they would normally model...
Researchers from TU Graz and their industry partners have unveiled a world first: the prototype of a robot-controlled, high-speed combined charging system (CCS) for electric vehicles that enables series charging of cars in various parking positions.
Global demand for electric vehicles is forecast to rise sharply: by 2025, the number of new vehicle registrations is expected to reach 25 million per year....
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