The UK should use its presidency of the G8 and EU to move forward international action to analyse future risks due to climate change and develop and implement evidence-based adaptation strategies for coping with the immediate impacts of climate change, the British Ecological Society has urged. Giving evidence to the House of Commons Environment, Food and Rural Affairs Committee on Wednesday 8 December 2004, Professor Alastair Fitter of York University and president of the British Ecological Society told the committee: “The current rate of anthropogenic climate change is exceptional and will have numerous impacts on biodiversity and ecosystems, interacting with other anthropogenic changes such as invasive species, habitat fragmentation, and nitrogen deposition to create synergistic effects.”
According to Professor Fitter, ecologists are already detecting the effects of climate change. “Between 1972 and 1999, British bird species extended their breeding ranges north by an average of 18.9 km in response to increasing mean annual temperatures at the northern end of their distribution. Hawthorn and hornbeam are coming into leaf earlier, and most spring-flowering plant species are flowering earlier – typically by around two weeks compared to pre-1990 means,” Professor Fitter explained.
Professor Fitter stressed that adaptation strategies must be based on the best available scientific evidence, and that to be successful their implementation will require much closer dialogue between scientists and policy makers. “New research is urgently needed on the impact of climate change on ecological systems, especially in relation to synergies with other threats to biodiversity, such as invasive species and habitat fragmentation, and to the integration of the natural and social science approaches to climate change impacts. A close dialogue needs to be developed between scientists and policy makers with regards to impacts and adaptation strategies.
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Researchers from the University of Basel have reported a new method that allows the physical state of just a few atoms or molecules within a network to be controlled. It is based on the spontaneous self-organization of molecules into extensive networks with pores about one nanometer in size. In the journal ‘small’, the physicists reported on their investigations, which could be of particular importance for the development of new storage devices.
Around the world, researchers are attempting to shrink data storage devices to achieve as large a storage capacity in as small a space as possible. In almost...
The more objects we make "smart," from watches to entire buildings, the greater the need for these devices to store and retrieve massive amounts of data quickly without consuming too much power.
Millions of new memory cells could be part of a computer chip and provide that speed and energy savings, thanks to the discovery of a previously unobserved...
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A widely used diabetes medication combined with an antihypertensive drug specifically inhibits tumor growth – this was discovered by researchers from the University of Basel’s Biozentrum two years ago. In a follow-up study, recently published in “Cell Reports”, the scientists report that this drug cocktail induces cancer cell death by switching off their energy supply.
The widely used anti-diabetes drug metformin not only reduces blood sugar but also has an anti-cancer effect. However, the metformin dose commonly used in the...
A research team from the University of Zurich has developed a new drone that can retract its propeller arms in flight and make itself small to fit through narrow gaps and holes. This is particularly useful when searching for victims of natural disasters.
Inspecting a damaged building after an earthquake or during a fire is exactly the kind of job that human rescuers would like drones to do for them. A flying...
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