The treatment of BSE residues through anaerobic digestion is, according to Quercus, the most efficient and fruitful way of resolving this environmental question.
This is a biological process successfully put into practice in a national company, ITS Marques, and consists of the degradation of organic matter by microorganisms in the absence of oxygen.
After being put in a closed receptacle (called a "digester"), the organic matter is transformed into gas by the existing microorganisms. Mostly made up of methane, that biogas is susceptible to being used in the production of renewable energy by electric generator.
According to Quercus, this solution cost the Portuguese state nothing, seeing as incineration or burying of this waste cost around 45 million euros a year. Apart from the economic advantages, which also translate into a higher level of energy production (500 percent, whereas incineration is about 70 percent), one has to consider the environmental advantages this represents.
Pedro Carteiro | alfa
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