The PEOPLE project involves the monitoring of ambient outdoor and indoor levels of air pollutants as well as measuring population exposure in European capitals. With the selection of benzene as a first pollutant to be measured, EC directive 2000/69/EC is also supported. Benzene is a carcinogenic pollutant to which exposure is associated with the risk of the development of leukaemia.
Brussels and Lisbon have been selected as the first cities for the PEOPLE project during the autumn of 2002. The PEOPLE project design is seen as a pilot project that may be extended to other cities in the future and also to other pollutants of relevance to long term exposure to air pollutants. Currently the following cities have expressed their interest to be associated in the project: Brussels, Bucharest, Budapest, Dublin, Helsinki, Krakow, Lisbon, Ljubljana, Madrid, Paris, and Rome. Diffusive sampling will be used to monitor personal exposure and environmental pollution levels. Each citizen selected to participate (maximum of 200 in each city) will be provided with a simple measurement device, and requested to expose the samplers to ambient air for 12 hours on their body during a well-specified day of the week. Other measurements for the project will be made by local authority project partners. All these measurements will be possible thanks to the use of a new diffusive sampler that enables benzene measurements to be taken over short periods of time.
Fabio Fabbi | EU Commission
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For the first time ever, scientists have determined the cosmic origin of highest-energy neutrinos. A research group led by IceCube scientist Elisa Resconi, spokesperson of the Collaborative Research Center SFB1258 at the Technical University of Munich (TUM), provides an important piece of evidence that the particles detected by the IceCube neutrino telescope at the South Pole originate from a galaxy four billion light-years away from Earth.
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Physicists working with Roland Wester at the University of Innsbruck have investigated if and how chemical reactions can be influenced by targeted vibrational excitation of the reactants. They were able to demonstrate that excitation with a laser beam does not affect the efficiency of a chemical exchange reaction and that the excited molecular group acts only as a spectator in the reaction.
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