Forum for Science, Industry and Business

Sponsored by:     3M 
Search our Site:

 

Bioremediation of Crude Oil Sludge Contamination

27.06.2008
Unimas, Sarawak - The group’s preliminary findings revealed the presence of active TPH-degrading bacteria, commonly found in soil, yet safe to human or animals; and they were proven to be promising species for effective biodegradation of oil sludge.
Awg Ahmad Sallehin Awg Hussaini, Kasing Apun,
Mohd Hasnain Md Hussain, Micky Vincent
Faculty of Resource Science and Technology
One of the major challenges faced by oil refineries is safe disposal of oil sludge generated during the processing of crude oil, as improper disposal would lead to environmental pollution, particularly soil and groundwater contamination. In addition, most of oil sludge constituents are cancer causing agents and potent toxicants of the immune system. Among the techniques employed to decontaminate affected sites is bioremediation, which is the use of living organism (such as bacteria) to naturally degrade the pollutants.

Bioremediation technique has been proven to be able to reclaim contaminated land, reduce the threat of groundwater pollution and enhance the degradation rate of oil’s constituents. As there are different types of oil sludge to be dealt with, the bioremediation process needs to be ‘customised’ in order to achieve an optimum level of degradation efficiency and cost effectiveness. To achieve this, ESP International (an established company in bioremediation of crude oil waste) has sought the expertise of UNIMAS scientists to conduct the study.

The main aim is to identify and characterize the bacterial innoculum (including enzymes) involved in the biodegradation of oil sludge, and to evaluate their effectiveness in the bioremediation process. The group’s preliminary findings revealed the presence of active TPH-degrading bacteria, commonly found in soil, yet safe to human or animals; and they were proven to be promising species for effective biodegradation of oil sludge.

Resni Mona | ResearchSEA
Further information:
http://www.unimas.my
http://www.unimas.my/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=208&Itemid=
http://www.researchsea.com

More articles from Ecology, The Environment and Conservation:

nachricht Despite government claims, orangutan populations have not increased. Call for better monitoring
06.11.2018 | Deutsches Zentrum für integrative Biodiversitätsforschung (iDiv) Halle-Jena-Leipzig

nachricht Increasing frequency of ocean storms could alter kelp forest ecosystems
30.10.2018 | University of Virginia

All articles from Ecology, The Environment and Conservation >>>

The most recent press releases about innovation >>>

Die letzten 5 Focus-News des innovations-reports im Überblick:

Im Focus: UNH scientists help provide first-ever views of elusive energy explosion

Researchers at the University of New Hampshire have captured a difficult-to-view singular event involving "magnetic reconnection"--the process by which sparse particles and energy around Earth collide producing a quick but mighty explosion--in the Earth's magnetotail, the magnetic environment that trails behind the planet.

Magnetic reconnection has remained a bit of a mystery to scientists. They know it exists and have documented the effects that the energy explosions can...

Im Focus: A Chip with Blood Vessels

Biochips have been developed at TU Wien (Vienna), on which tissue can be produced and examined. This allows supplying the tissue with different substances in a very controlled way.

Cultivating human cells in the Petri dish is not a big challenge today. Producing artificial tissue, however, permeated by fine blood vessels, is a much more...

Im Focus: A Leap Into Quantum Technology

Faster and secure data communication: This is the goal of a new joint project involving physicists from the University of Würzburg. The German Federal Ministry of Education and Research funds the project with 14.8 million euro.

In our digital world data security and secure communication are becoming more and more important. Quantum communication is a promising approach to achieve...

Im Focus: Research icebreaker Polarstern begins the Antarctic season

What does it look like below the ice shelf of the calved massive iceberg A68?

On Saturday, 10 November 2018, the research icebreaker Polarstern will leave its homeport of Bremerhaven, bound for Cape Town, South Africa.

Im Focus: Penn engineers develop ultrathin, ultralight 'nanocardboard'

When choosing materials to make something, trade-offs need to be made between a host of properties, such as thickness, stiffness and weight. Depending on the application in question, finding just the right balance is the difference between success and failure

Now, a team of Penn Engineers has demonstrated a new material they call "nanocardboard," an ultrathin equivalent of corrugated paper cardboard. A square...

All Focus news of the innovation-report >>>

Anzeige

Anzeige

VideoLinks
Industry & Economy
Event News

“3rd Conference on Laser Polishing – LaP 2018” Attracts International Experts and Users

09.11.2018 | Event News

On the brain’s ability to find the right direction

06.11.2018 | Event News

European Space Talks: Weltraumschrott – eine Gefahr für die Gesellschaft?

23.10.2018 | Event News

 
Latest News

Purdue cancer identity technology makes it easier to find a tumor's 'address'

16.11.2018 | Health and Medicine

Good preparation is half the digestion

16.11.2018 | Life Sciences

Microscope measures muscle weakness

16.11.2018 | Life Sciences

VideoLinks
Science & Research
Overview of more VideoLinks >>>