Forum for Science, Industry and Business

Sponsored by:     3M 
Search our Site:

 

Sustainable energy supply in developing and emerging countries: What are the needs?

21.11.2018

In a new study, Fraunhofer ISI together with the Institute for Resource Efficiency and Energy Strategies IREES reviewed the evaluation framework for electricity access´ conditions in developing and emerging countries, which is applied for monitoring the attainment of the sustainable development goals of the United Nations. The developed approach includes the productive use of electricity, which plays a central role for economic development, as well as for the achievement of climate change goals. The study aims to map different needs regarding the electricity supply of households and commercial and industrial applications and contribute to the implementation of sustainable energy strategies.

In 2016, the United Nations adopted 17 sustainable development goals (SDGs) within the framework of the UN Agenda 2030. The seventh goal “Affordable and Clean Energy” (SDG7) aims to ensure universal access to affordable, reliable and sustainable energy for the world population and to increase the global share of renewable energy and the level of energy efficiency.


Enhanced access to electricity for productive uses – and not only the basic needs of private households – is also expected to catalyse an increase in welfare and economic development across all sectors and company sizes and especially in developing and emerging countries, as it constitutes a key element for job creation and increased added value.

The progress towards reaching the goal “Affordable and Clean Energy” (SDG7) is currently monitored based on a Multi-Tier Framework (MTF) for assessing the electricity access conditions on the national level.

The present monitoring of the attainment of SDG7, which includes five tiers, mainly places emphasis on the fulfilment of the basic needs for the use of private household applications such as lighting and communication services as well as classic household appliances.

However, it does not allow for a systematic and comparable assessment of electricity access conditions for private and productive uses.

New study considers productive use of electricity

In this context, Fraunhofer Institute for Systems and Innovation Research ISI together with the Institute for Resource Efficiency and Energy Strategies GmbH (IREES) conducted a study to review the present monitoring framework and to develop a new approach which also considers the role of productive uses of electricity in developing and emerging economies.

By adding to a better understanding of the electricity access needs of a broader range of user types – raging from households to commercial and industrial applications –, the study on behalf of the German Society for International Cooperation (GIZ) further aims to support the implementation of sustainable and needs-oriented energy supply solutions.

As the growing productive use of electricity in emerging economies plays a major role for the development of global greenhouse gas emissions, strategic planning of sustainable energy strategies, in line with climate change strategies, is crucial.

An essential recommendation of the study “Next level sustainable energy provision in line with people’s needs” is to fundamentally revise and extend the evaluation levels used so far to monitor the conditions of access to electricity in developing and emerging countries. The “Multi-Tier Framework“ (MTF) should go beyond the basic needs of private households and also consider the framework conditions required to allow for the development of family businesses and small-scale commercial activities.

In addition, the authors of the study argue that five additional tiers should be added to the five already existing assessment levels. These should, in particular, cover productive uses, i.e. the requirements regarding the quality and quantity of electricity supply for a broad spectrum of business activities along the value chain.

Dr. Inga Boie, who led the study at Fraunhofer ISI, explains why a holistic assessment framework for electricity access in developing- and emerging economies is so important: “The productive use of electricity covers a broad spectrum of activities, which range from water purification in agriculture, processing of agricultural products, provision of various services or manufacturing of products to large-scale industrial production.

However, especially in developing and emerging economies, there is no clear separation between private and productive use of electricity, as small family-run businesses and the informal sector play a major role. Therefore, in order to be able to meet the growing electricity demand in these countries with needs-oriented and sustainable energy strategies, it is crucial to have a monitoring framework which systematically considers the requirements of private and productive users of electricity.“

Holistic picture for the evaluation of electricity access conditions

The inclusion of a broad range of potential economic activities on the basis of energy intensity and common process technologies of the most important industrial sectors creates a holistic picture for the evaluation of electricity access conditions.

Thereby, not only the status quo of economic activities in emerging and developing countries is taken into account, but also the requirements of potential future industries and orientation towards world market standards are considered. The study further provides an important basis for collecting comprehensive data at country level for the respective evaluation stages in the future.

This, in turn, could facilitate and improve the coordination of economic development in developing and emerging economies and national strategies to combat climate change.

Wissenschaftliche Ansprechpartner:

Dr. Inga Boie

Originalpublikation:

Next level sustainable energy provision in line with people’s needs.

Weitere Informationen:

https://www.isi.fraunhofer.de/content/dam/isi/dokumente/ccx/Review-of-the-monito...
https://www.isi.fraunhofer.de/content/dam/isi/dokumente/ccx/Review-of-the-monito...
https://www.isi.fraunhofer.de/en/competence-center/energiepolitik-energiemaerkte...

Anne-Catherine Jung | Fraunhofer-Institut für System- und Innovationsforschung (ISI)

More articles from Power and Electrical Engineering:

nachricht Lights, camera, action... the super-fast world of droplet dynamics
26.02.2020 | University of Leeds

nachricht Turbomachine expander offers efficient, safe strategy for heating, cooling
25.02.2020 | Purdue University

All articles from Power and Electrical Engineering >>>

The most recent press releases about innovation >>>

Die letzten 5 Focus-News des innovations-reports im Überblick:

Im Focus: High-pressure scientists in Bayreuth discover promising material for information technology

Researchers at the University of Bayreuth have discovered an unusual material: When cooled down to two degrees Celsius, its crystal structure and electronic properties change abruptly and significantly. In this new state, the distances between iron atoms can be tailored with the help of light beams. This opens up intriguing possibilities for application in the field of information technology. The scientists have presented their discovery in the journal "Angewandte Chemie - International Edition". The new findings are the result of close cooperation with partnering facilities in Augsburg, Dresden, Hamburg, and Moscow.

The material is an unusual form of iron oxide with the formula Fe₅O₆. The researchers produced it at a pressure of 15 gigapascals in a high-pressure laboratory...

Im Focus: From China to the South Pole: Joining forces to solve the neutrino mass puzzle

Study by Mainz physicists indicates that the next generation of neutrino experiments may well find the answer to one of the most pressing issues in neutrino physics

Among the most exciting challenges in modern physics is the identification of the neutrino mass ordering. Physicists from the Cluster of Excellence PRISMA+ at...

Im Focus: Therapies without drugs

Fraunhofer researchers are investigating the potential of microimplants to stimulate nerve cells and treat chronic conditions like asthma, diabetes, or Parkinson’s disease. Find out what makes this form of treatment so appealing and which challenges the researchers still have to master.

A study by the Robert Koch Institute has found that one in four women will suffer from weak bladders at some point in their lives. Treatments of this condition...

Im Focus: A step towards controlling spin-dependent petahertz electronics by material defects

The operational speed of semiconductors in various electronic and optoelectronic devices is limited to several gigahertz (a billion oscillations per second). This constrains the upper limit of the operational speed of computing. Now researchers from the Max Planck Institute for the Structure and Dynamics of Matter in Hamburg, Germany, and the Indian Institute of Technology in Bombay have explained how these processes can be sped up through the use of light waves and defected solid materials.

Light waves perform several hundred trillion oscillations per second. Hence, it is natural to envision employing light oscillations to drive the electronic...

Im Focus: Freiburg researcher investigate the origins of surface texture

Most natural and artificial surfaces are rough: metals and even glasses that appear smooth to the naked eye can look like jagged mountain ranges under the microscope. There is currently no uniform theory about the origin of this roughness despite it being observed on all scales, from the atomic to the tectonic. Scientists suspect that the rough surface is formed by irreversible plastic deformation that occurs in many processes of mechanical machining of components such as milling.

Prof. Dr. Lars Pastewka from the Simulation group at the Department of Microsystems Engineering at the University of Freiburg and his team have simulated such...

All Focus news of the innovation-report >>>

Anzeige

Anzeige

VideoLinks
Industry & Economy
Event News

70th Lindau Nobel Laureate Meeting: Around 70 Laureates set to meet with young scientists from approx. 100 countries

12.02.2020 | Event News

11th Advanced Battery Power Conference, March 24-25, 2020 in Münster/Germany

16.01.2020 | Event News

Laser Colloquium Hydrogen LKH2: fast and reliable fuel cell manufacturing

15.01.2020 | Event News

 
Latest News

New molten metal hybrid filters from TU Freiberg will make components even safer and more resistant in the future

28.02.2020 | Materials Sciences

Polymers get caught up in love-hate chemistry of oil and water

28.02.2020 | Life Sciences

Two NE tree species can be used in new sustainable building material

28.02.2020 | Architecture and Construction

VideoLinks
Science & Research
Overview of more VideoLinks >>>