Forum for Science, Industry and Business

Sponsored by:     3M 
Search our Site:

 

Heat and electricity generator that reduces contaminant emissions

12.10.2005


The Ikerlan Centre for Technological Research is part of the team which is to work on, from this December onwards, the Flame Sofc Europeo project, the object of which is to design and develop a household electrical appliance based on a fuel cell that produces electricity and heat in a way that the dwelling can be self-sufficient and reduce the emission of contaminant elements.



The Flame Sofc project will last for four years and has an overall budget of 13,545,627 Euro. Ikerlan, a member of IK4, and Fagor Electrodomésticos (Household Electrical Goods), both belonging to the MCC group, are the Basque companies participating in the research, together with centres from countries such as Germany, Italy, Denmark, Holland, Switzerland, Greece, Portugal, the United Kingdom, Hungary and Poland.

The process of generating heat and electricity with this type of cell is more direct and, thus, efficiency is increased. Traditional methods have to burn a fossil fuel in order to produce heat which, in turn, is transformed into mechanical work by means of a thermal engine. This engine is what drives the electric generator that produces electricity. Fuel cells, on the other hand, produce electricity directly by means of an electrochemical process, using fuels such as natural gas or butane, without the need for combustion.


The basis for this system is that fuel cells, unlike traditional batteries, do not run out, the reason being that the latter have a combustible fuel inside so as to function and this, once used up, means the battery ceases to work. A fuel cell, however, receives its energy/fuel from outside and thus, has an indefinite period of operation while this fuel is being supplied.

Apart from greater efficiency, this system presents a significant advantage in that it causes considerably less aggression to the environment. The fuels used are transformed into heat and electricity through an electrochemical process, with water and Co2 as by-products and minimum emissions of nitrogen oxides and other contaminants. Moreover, as they are very efficient systems, they emit a reduced quantity of greenhouse-effect gases. Together with these benefits, household appliances based on fuel cells are quieter and longer-lasting.

Initially the practical application of this technology will be of a domestic, household nature given that what is sought is the creation of dwellings and building capable of generating heat and electricity together from natural gas, butane, propane or diesel fuel. Also, in the longer term, fuel cells together with electric motors could be the basis for traction systems aimed at cars and other transport sector vehicles.

The fuel cell will also have other applications – in the field of auxiliary production systems for electricity in buses, trucks and all kinds of vessels, when the main motor is stopped, and also to supply electricity to telecommunications repeaters.

Garazi Andonegi | alfa
Further information:
http://www.basqueresearch.com

More articles from Power and Electrical Engineering:

nachricht Factory networks energy, buildings and production
12.07.2018 | FIZ Karlsruhe – Leibniz-Institut für Informationsinfrastruktur GmbH

nachricht Manipulating single atoms with an electron beam
10.07.2018 | University of Vienna

All articles from Power and Electrical Engineering >>>

The most recent press releases about innovation >>>

Die letzten 5 Focus-News des innovations-reports im Überblick:

Im Focus: First evidence on the source of extragalactic particles

For the first time ever, scientists have determined the cosmic origin of highest-energy neutrinos. A research group led by IceCube scientist Elisa Resconi, spokesperson of the Collaborative Research Center SFB1258 at the Technical University of Munich (TUM), provides an important piece of evidence that the particles detected by the IceCube neutrino telescope at the South Pole originate from a galaxy four billion light-years away from Earth.

To rule out other origins with certainty, the team led by neutrino physicist Elisa Resconi from the Technical University of Munich and multi-wavelength...

Im Focus: Magnetic vortices: Two independent magnetic skyrmion phases discovered in a single material

For the first time a team of researchers have discovered two different phases of magnetic skyrmions in a single material. Physicists of the Technical Universities of Munich and Dresden and the University of Cologne can now better study and understand the properties of these magnetic structures, which are important for both basic research and applications.

Whirlpools are an everyday experience in a bath tub: When the water is drained a circular vortex is formed. Typically, such whirls are rather stable. Similar...

Im Focus: Breaking the bond: To take part or not?

Physicists working with Roland Wester at the University of Innsbruck have investigated if and how chemical reactions can be influenced by targeted vibrational excitation of the reactants. They were able to demonstrate that excitation with a laser beam does not affect the efficiency of a chemical exchange reaction and that the excited molecular group acts only as a spectator in the reaction.

A frequently used reaction in organic chemistry is nucleophilic substitution. It plays, for example, an important role in in the synthesis of new chemical...

Im Focus: New 2D Spectroscopy Methods

Optical spectroscopy allows investigating the energy structure and dynamic properties of complex quantum systems. Researchers from the University of Würzburg present two new approaches of coherent two-dimensional spectroscopy.

"Put an excitation into the system and observe how it evolves." According to physicist Professor Tobias Brixner, this is the credo of optical spectroscopy....

Im Focus: Chemical reactions in the light of ultrashort X-ray pulses from free-electron lasers

Ultra-short, high-intensity X-ray flashes open the door to the foundations of chemical reactions. Free-electron lasers generate these kinds of pulses, but there is a catch: the pulses vary in duration and energy. An international research team has now presented a solution: Using a ring of 16 detectors and a circularly polarized laser beam, they can determine both factors with attosecond accuracy.

Free-electron lasers (FELs) generate extremely short and intense X-ray flashes. Researchers can use these flashes to resolve structures with diameters on the...

All Focus news of the innovation-report >>>

Anzeige

Anzeige

VideoLinks
Industry & Economy
Event News

Leading experts in Diabetes, Metabolism and Biomedical Engineering discuss Precision Medicine

13.07.2018 | Event News

Conference on Laser Polishing – LaP: Fine Tuning for Surfaces

12.07.2018 | Event News

11th European Wood-based Panel Symposium 2018: Meeting point for the wood-based materials industry

03.07.2018 | Event News

 
Latest News

Subaru Telescope helps pinpoint origin of ultra-high energy neutrino

16.07.2018 | Physics and Astronomy

Barium ruthenate: A high-yield, easy-to-handle perovskite catalyst for the oxidation of sulfides

16.07.2018 | Life Sciences

New research calculates capacity of North American forests to sequester carbon

16.07.2018 | Earth Sciences

VideoLinks
Science & Research
Overview of more VideoLinks >>>