All household and office equipment sold in Europe will be included in this measure. This provision of the European Union is the first legal act concerning products within the Eco-design Directive.
It is a substantial contribution to energy efficiency, climate protection and consumption cost reduction. Manufacturers declare that their products meet all valid European regulations by use of the CE symbol.
The BAM Federal Institute for Materials Research and Testing has contributed to developing the new ordinance since mid-2007. If the European Union parliament agrees, a compulsory maximum value of one watt will apply to off-mode or stand-by power consumption of devices from about 2010. Three years later the limiting value will be halved. Thus these energy losses should be reduced in the European Union by nearly 75 %, i.e. 35 terawatt hours per year by 2020. This saving corresponds to the 1.3-fold of German power generation from wind in 2005 or the annual electricity production of three modern nuclear power plants.
The EU Commission plans further ordinances to reduce the environmental impact by PCs, monitors, printers, scanners and copiers, television sets, freezers and deep freezers, dishwashers, washing machines and tumble dryers as well as water heaters and boilers. These devices offer great potential for energy saving, without limiting their function if this objective is considered at the design phase.
The Eco-design Directive is implemented by the Energy-using Products Act (Energie¬betriebene-Produkte-Gesetz, EBPG) into German law. The EBPG entered into force on 7 March 2008. In it, BAM is designated as the commissioned body and represents Germany, together with the Federal Environment Agency (UBA) as well as the Ministries of Economics and Environment, in the development of eco-design regulations vis-à-vis the European Union.Preview:
The congress is accompanied by a fair area. The Federal Ministry for Economics and Technology and BAM will operate a common exhibition stand. "Electronics Goes Green 2008" will take place in Berlin from 7 to 10 September 2008.Information:
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For the first time ever, scientists have determined the cosmic origin of highest-energy neutrinos. A research group led by IceCube scientist Elisa Resconi, spokesperson of the Collaborative Research Center SFB1258 at the Technical University of Munich (TUM), provides an important piece of evidence that the particles detected by the IceCube neutrino telescope at the South Pole originate from a galaxy four billion light-years away from Earth.
To rule out other origins with certainty, the team led by neutrino physicist Elisa Resconi from the Technical University of Munich and multi-wavelength...
For the first time a team of researchers have discovered two different phases of magnetic skyrmions in a single material. Physicists of the Technical Universities of Munich and Dresden and the University of Cologne can now better study and understand the properties of these magnetic structures, which are important for both basic research and applications.
Whirlpools are an everyday experience in a bath tub: When the water is drained a circular vortex is formed. Typically, such whirls are rather stable. Similar...
Physicists working with Roland Wester at the University of Innsbruck have investigated if and how chemical reactions can be influenced by targeted vibrational excitation of the reactants. They were able to demonstrate that excitation with a laser beam does not affect the efficiency of a chemical exchange reaction and that the excited molecular group acts only as a spectator in the reaction.
A frequently used reaction in organic chemistry is nucleophilic substitution. It plays, for example, an important role in in the synthesis of new chemical...
Optical spectroscopy allows investigating the energy structure and dynamic properties of complex quantum systems. Researchers from the University of Würzburg present two new approaches of coherent two-dimensional spectroscopy.
"Put an excitation into the system and observe how it evolves." According to physicist Professor Tobias Brixner, this is the credo of optical spectroscopy....
Ultra-short, high-intensity X-ray flashes open the door to the foundations of chemical reactions. Free-electron lasers generate these kinds of pulses, but there is a catch: the pulses vary in duration and energy. An international research team has now presented a solution: Using a ring of 16 detectors and a circularly polarized laser beam, they can determine both factors with attosecond accuracy.
Free-electron lasers (FELs) generate extremely short and intense X-ray flashes. Researchers can use these flashes to resolve structures with diameters on the...
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