The share of the wholesale and retail trade in the consumer price of food has increased rapidly in Finland over the past five years. At the same time, a declining share of the consumer food euro is allocated to farmers, according to marketing margin calculations from MTT Agrifood Research Finland.
Marketing margin calculations by MTT indicate the share of the retail price going to each sector along the supply chain: farmer, processing and trade (=marketing margin) as well as government taxes. The new figures for the period 1999-2004 reveal considerable growth in both unit and percentage marketing margins for many basic food products.
For the most part, the growth in these margins has been progressive. Average percentage margins for meat have grown the fastest. For dairy and grain products, a slightly slower growth is indicated.
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Researchers at the University of New Hampshire have captured a difficult-to-view singular event involving "magnetic reconnection"--the process by which sparse particles and energy around Earth collide producing a quick but mighty explosion--in the Earth's magnetotail, the magnetic environment that trails behind the planet.
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Faster and secure data communication: This is the goal of a new joint project involving physicists from the University of Würzburg. The German Federal Ministry of Education and Research funds the project with 14.8 million euro.
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