Forum for Science, Industry and Business

Sponsored by:     3M 
Search our Site:

 

A new parameterization of canopy radiative transfer for land surface radiation models

07.04.2017

Among the physical processes of land surfaces, canopy radiative transfer is especially important. It plays a key role in controlling land-atmosphere flux exchanges by determining surface albedo and transpiration.

However, the canopy varies geographically from that of dense tropical forests to the shrublands of arid desert lands, and temporally from the vibrancy of spring to the gloominess of winter. Uncertainties are abound in the processes of radiative transfer parameterization.


This is an illustration of canopy radiative transfer.

Credit: Feng Zhang

Dr Feng Zhang and his collaborators propose a new parameterization for the canopy phase function, which is based on the leaf normal distribution and leaf reflection/transmission, and examine the accuracy in reflection and transmission of the canopy through comparison with the benchmark result of SOSA. The findings are published in Advances in Atmospheric Sciences (Zhang et al., 2017).

"The new method," says Dr. Zhang, "when based on Eddington approximation, can substantially improve the accuracy compared to the previously preferred hemispheric constant method, under both isotropic and anisotropic conditions. Therefore, the canopy albedo can be evaluated more accurately by the analytical solution of non-zero soil background reflection."

Moreover, their investigation also reveals that there is a relationship between the direct radiation and the diffuse radiation of the canopy, which have been treated separately in previous studies. It is concluded that the new parameterization is well suited for applications of land surface radiation modeling.

Zheng Lin | EurekAlert!

Further reports about: Atmospheric Atmospheric Sciences canopy forests shrublands tropical forests

More articles from Earth Sciences:

nachricht Volcanoes and glaciers combine as powerful methane producers
20.11.2018 | Lancaster University

nachricht Massive impact crater from a kilometer-wide iron meteorite discovered in Greenland
15.11.2018 | Faculty of Science - University of Copenhagen

All articles from Earth Sciences >>>

The most recent press releases about innovation >>>

Die letzten 5 Focus-News des innovations-reports im Überblick:

Im Focus: Nonstop Tranport of Cargo in Nanomachines

Max Planck researchers revel the nano-structure of molecular trains and the reason for smooth transport in cellular antennas.

Moving around, sensing the extracellular environment, and signaling to other cells are important for a cell to function properly. Responsible for those tasks...

Im Focus: UNH scientists help provide first-ever views of elusive energy explosion

Researchers at the University of New Hampshire have captured a difficult-to-view singular event involving "magnetic reconnection"--the process by which sparse particles and energy around Earth collide producing a quick but mighty explosion--in the Earth's magnetotail, the magnetic environment that trails behind the planet.

Magnetic reconnection has remained a bit of a mystery to scientists. They know it exists and have documented the effects that the energy explosions can...

Im Focus: A Chip with Blood Vessels

Biochips have been developed at TU Wien (Vienna), on which tissue can be produced and examined. This allows supplying the tissue with different substances in a very controlled way.

Cultivating human cells in the Petri dish is not a big challenge today. Producing artificial tissue, however, permeated by fine blood vessels, is a much more...

Im Focus: A Leap Into Quantum Technology

Faster and secure data communication: This is the goal of a new joint project involving physicists from the University of Würzburg. The German Federal Ministry of Education and Research funds the project with 14.8 million euro.

In our digital world data security and secure communication are becoming more and more important. Quantum communication is a promising approach to achieve...

Im Focus: Research icebreaker Polarstern begins the Antarctic season

What does it look like below the ice shelf of the calved massive iceberg A68?

On Saturday, 10 November 2018, the research icebreaker Polarstern will leave its homeport of Bremerhaven, bound for Cape Town, South Africa.

All Focus news of the innovation-report >>>

Anzeige

Anzeige

VideoLinks
Industry & Economy
Event News

Optical Coherence Tomography: German-Japanese Research Alliance hosted Medical Imaging Conference

19.11.2018 | Event News

“3rd Conference on Laser Polishing – LaP 2018” Attracts International Experts and Users

09.11.2018 | Event News

On the brain’s ability to find the right direction

06.11.2018 | Event News

 
Latest News

Nonstop Tranport of Cargo in Nanomachines

20.11.2018 | Life Sciences

Researchers find social cultures in chimpanzees

20.11.2018 | Life Sciences

When AI and optoelectronics meet: Researchers take control of light properties

20.11.2018 | Physics and Astronomy

VideoLinks
Science & Research
Overview of more VideoLinks >>>